PASE: Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England


[Image: Excerpt from the Domesday Book]
[Image: Durham Liber Vitae, folio 38r (extract)]

Alfketil 3 Alfketil of Hambleton (Yorks. WR), fl. 1066

Author: CPL
Editorial Status: 4 of 5

  Discussion of the name  


Alfketil 3 was a small landowner in the eastern part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, whose single manor of 3 carucates was worth 30s. He has been plausibly identified as one of the sureties of Archbishop Ælfric of York c. 1050.

Distribution map of property and lordships associated with this name in DB

List of property and lordships associated with this name in DB

Holder 1066

Shire Phil. ref. Vill Holder 1066 DB Spelling Holder 1066 Lord 1066 Tenant-in-Chief 1086 1086 subtenant Fiscal value 1066 value 1086 value Holder 1066 ID conf. Show on map
Yorkshire 9W25 Hambleton Alchel Alfketil of Hambleton - Ilbert de Lacy Earnwig 'of Garforth' 3.00 1.50 1.00 A Map
Total               3.00 1.50 1.00  


The three occurrences of the name Alfketil in Yorkshire are widely separated by distances of between 40 and 60 miles and each occurs at an estate of no more than 3 carucates. In those circumstances it is unlikely though not impossible that their holders were identical with one another. All three manors were in areas where William I allotted land in territorial blocks, so that succession does not help. The decisive factor in identifying three distinct individuals is that the name was common enough in Yorkshire for two different Alfketils to be listed among the sureties of Archbishop Ælfric of York (PASE: Ælfric 105) c. 1050 (Stevenson 1912: 12–13; Cooper 1969). One of the sureties was named as Alfcetel in Ha’, identified with DB’s Alchel, holding land at Hameltvn, by Farrer (1914: 28). A complication is that there was a second surety of the same name, paired in the list with another man as Alfcetel 7 Asmund, and there was an Osmundus (Asmund) holding land in 1066 at Fenton (Yorks. 9W:23), less than 4 miles from Hambleton.

Hambleton stands on a sandstone ‘island’ among the Humberhead Levels. The nearest archiepiscopal estate was at Riccall (Yorks. 2B:7), but York itself was less than 20 miles away. Alfketil was the only landowner in Hambleton in 1066.


Cooper 1969: Janet Cooper, ‘The list of Ælfric’s festermen in the York Gospels’, Yorkshire Archaeological Journal, 42 (1969), 328–32

Farrer 1914: Early Yorkshire Charters, I, ed. William Farrer (Edinburgh: privately published, 1914)

Stevenson 1912: W. H. Stevenson, ‘Yorkshire surveys and other eleventh-century documents in the York Gospels’, English Historical Review, 27 (1912), 1–25

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