PASE: Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England

Domesday

[Image: Excerpt from the Domesday Book]
[Image: Durham Liber Vitae, folio 38r (extract)]

Leofcild 5 Leofcild ‘of Offton’ (Suff.), fl. 1066

Male
Author: CPL
Editorial Status: 4 of 5

  Discussion of the name  

Summary

          

Leofcild 5 was a small landowner, commended to Archbishop Stigand, who had 3 carucates worth £4 10s. divided between two adjoining estates in mid Suffolk. He was himself the lord of a handful of smaller men in the immediate vicinity.

Distribution map of property and lordships associated with this name in DB

List of property and lordships associated with this name in DB

           

Holder 1066

Shire Phil. ref. Vill Holder 1066 DB Spelling Holder 1066 Lord 1066 Tenant-in-Chief 1086 1086 subtenant Fiscal value 1066 value 1086 value Holder 1066 ID conf. Show on map
Suffolk 7,60 Offton Lefficilt Leofcild 'of Offton' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger Bigod Hugh de Houdain 2.00 3.00 3.00 B Map
Suffolk 29,2 Somersham Leffcilt Leofcild 'of Offton' - Roger d'Auberville - 1.00 1.50 1.50 B Map
Total               3.00 4.50 4.50  

Lord 1066

Shire Phil. ref. Vill Lord 1066 DB Spelling Holder 1066 Lord 1066 Tenant-in-Chief 1086 1086 subtenant Fiscal value 1066 value 1086 value Lord 1066 ID conf. Show on map
Suffolk 7,60 Offton Blæcsunu 'of Rendham' unnamed antecessor of Roger Bigod Roger Bigod Hugh de Houdain 0.01 0.01 0.01 B Map
Suffolk 7,60 Offton Ealdwine 'of Offton' unnamed antecessor of Roger Bigod Roger Bigod Hugh de Houdain 0.01 0.01 0.01 B Map
Suffolk 7,62 Flowton Lefcilt Brungar 'of Burstall' Leofcild Roger Bigod Hugh de Houdain 0.08 0.10 0.10 B Map
Total               0.10 0.12 0.12  

Profile

   

Offton and Somersham are adjoining vills and parishes about 6 miles north-west of Ipswich in the prosperous farming country of High Suffolk, and the Leofcild named as a landowner in both places was clearly the same person. At Offton, his 2 carucates made him the largest holder in the vill, and he was presumably the unnamed antecessor of Roger Bigod (his successor there) who was the lord of two small free men with just 1½ acres, having the full commendation of Blæcsune and half the commendation of Ealdwine. The parish church and its glebe were also recorded on Leofcild’s holding, but about half the vill was in the hands of other, smaller, free men. He was also the largest proprietor in Somersham, again with about half the vill (1 carucate). Another of his commended men was Brungar, who had 10 acres at Flowton, just south of Somersham.

Leofcild 5 is not likely to have been the same person as the sometime sheriff of Essex (Leofcild 3), since he was described as a free man rather than a king’s thegn and was commended to Archbishop Stigand, who also had the soke of Offton.

Leofcild’s manors were divided after the Conquest, Offton passing to Roger Bigod and Somersham to Roger d’Auberville, for reasons which are not yet clear: both places were in the heartland of d’Auberville’s fief, but Bigod also acquired several manors in this part of Suffolk.

Leofcild farmed at both Offton and Somersham in 1066, with 2 ploughs, a flock of 40 sheep, and some other livestock at Offton, and a single plough at Somersham.

Return to PASE Domesday homepage
Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England

© 2016 King's College London