PASE: Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England


[Image: Excerpt from the Domesday Book]
[Image: Durham Liber Vitae, folio 38r (extract)]

Leofgifu 14 Leofgifu ‘of Toppesfield’ (Essex), fl. 1066

Author: DWP
Editorial Status: 4 of 5

  Discussion of the name  



Leofgifu 14 held an estate in Suffolk from Christ Church, Canterbury, TRE, when it was assessed at 2 hides and valued at £2.

Distribution map of property and lordships associated with this name in DB

List of property and lordships associated with this name in DB

Holder 1066

Shire Phil. ref. Vill Holder 1066 DB Spelling Holder 1066 Lord 1066 Tenant-in-Chief 1086 1086 subtenant Fiscal value 1066 value 1086 value Holder 1066 ID conf. Show on map
Suffolk 15,3 Toppesfield Leueua Leofgifu 'of Toppesfield' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1086 2.00 2.00 3.00 E Map
Total               2.00 2.00 3.00  


Although Toppesfield estate lies in relatively close proximity to several estates held TRE by people called Leofgifu, it was the only one to have been held from Christ Church, Canterbury, and to have been in Archbishop Lanfranc’s hands in 1086. This distinct succession tends us towards identifying Leofgifu 14 as a distinct woman and is indeed the main reason for doing so, but it is admittedly not conclusive. However, the other estates in Suffolk were all very much smaller than 2 hides (even the three held by Leofgifu 21 amounted to only a little over half a hide), as was that in Essex held by Leofgifu 23, which perhaps makes an identity with these holders less likely. The estate held by Leofgifu 10 at Woodham Walter was, at 7 hides, notably larger and such a landholder might well have had other estates; but Leofgifu 10’s lands passed to a sub-tenant of Ralph Bainard and in this instance the difference in successors probably tips the balance against identifying her with Leofgifu 14. The two remaining estates in Essex, held by Leofgifu 17 and 18, were each closer to 1 hide and so might also be associated with Leofgifu 14, and again it is really only the difference in successors that suggests we are dealing with three separate individuals rather than one.


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