PASE: Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England


[Image: Excerpt from the Domesday Book]
[Image: Durham Liber Vitae, folio 38r (extract)]

Aki 6 Aki son of Siward, fl. 1066

Author: CPL
Editorial Status: 4 of 5

  Discussion of the name  


Aki 6 was a minor thegn in Lindsey who had a share of his father Siward’s lands amounting to at least 11½ carucates (including sokeland) worth £11 10s.

Distribution map of property and lordships associated with this name in DB


List of property and lordships associated with this name in DB

Holder 1066

Shire Phil. ref. Vill Holder 1066 DB Spelling Holder 1066 Lord 1066 Tenant-in-Chief 1086 1086 subtenant Fiscal value 1066 value 1086 value Holder 1066 ID conf. Show on map
Lincolnshire 38,1 Thornton Achi Aki son of Siward - Robert the bursar - 3.00 5.00 5.00 A Map
Lincolnshire 38,13 Haltham Achi Aki son of Siward - Robert the bursar - 2.25 1.50 1.50 A Map
Lincolnshire 38,14 Fulstow Aschil Aki son of Siward - Robert the bursar - 1.75 5.00 1.50 B Map
Lincolnshire CS34 Coningsby Achi Aki son of Siward - Ketilbern 'of Keal' - 0.00 0.00 0.00 A Map
Lincolnshire T5 Achi Aki son of Siward - - - 0.00 0.00 0.00 A Map
Total               7.00 11.50 8.00  

Lord 1066

Shire Phil. ref. Vill Lord 1066 DB Spelling Holder 1066 Lord 1066 Tenant-in-Chief 1086 1086 subtenant Fiscal value 1066 value 1086 value Lord 1066 ID conf. Show on map
Lincolnshire 38,2 Roughton - Aki Robert the bursar - 1.50 0.00 0.00 A Map
Total               1.50 0.00 0.00  




The Lincolnshire Aki is named in the list of those who had sake and soke and toll and team TRE, which includes ‘Aki son of Siward and his brother Wiglac over their father’s land’ (Achi .f. Siuuardi 7 Wilac frater eius super terram patris eorum) (Lincs. T:5). A search for the three names as Lincolnshire landowners reveals that the Norman tenant-in-chief Robert the bursar had as his only predecessors in Lincolnshire precisely the same family group of Aki, Wiglac, and Siward. The sake and soke list captures a moment after Siward’s death; his seemingly anomalous presence as a TRE landowner might mean only that part of his holdings had not yet been formally divided between his sons. One manor seems to be missing from Robert the bursar’s return, which recorded 2½ carucates at Partney and other places which was soke of Ingoldmells (Soca in Guldelsmere, for Soca Inguldelsmere) (Lincs. 38:9). There is no entry for Ingoldmells itself anywhere in DB, and very likely it dropped out of the Domesday record at some point during the survey.

Aki is explicitly called Robert the bursar’s antecessor in the Lincolnshire Claims, which noted the judgement that ‘Robert the bursar ought to have soke over a fishery and a toft which Ketilbern holds in Coningsby, because Aki, Robert’s antecessor, had it TRE’ (Robertus dispensator debet habere socam super piscariam 7 super toftam quam tenet Ketelbern in Cuningesbi . quia Achi antecessor Roberti habebat eam T.R.E.) (Lincs. CS:34). Among several DB holdings in Coningsby, this must be the 1 bovate where in 1086 the king’s thegn KetilbernPASE no. had 1 villan, a fishery paying 40d., and 20 acres of underwood, and which was described in Ketilbern’s return as a berewick of his manor of West Keal (Lincs. 68:6). Presumably the villan occupied the toft and rented the fishery. Ketilbern had taken the bovate illegally from the Coningsby holding listed in Robert the bursar’s fief as a berewick of Scrivelsby (Lincs. 38:3–4). The entry for Scrivelsby, however, attributes it TRE to Siward rather than Aki, which might perhaps be taken to mean that all the estates said to be Siward’s were actually controlled in 1066 by his son.

In addition, it is probable that Fulstow, which DB records as held TRE by Aschil (notionally Eskil), also belonged to Aki. It was the only one of Robert the bursar’s manors not held by Aki, Wiglac, or Siward. If the name had really been Eskil, however, it would surely have belonged to the same Eskil who held other land in the vicinity, namely Bishop Odo’s predecessor Eskil; the only reason for Robert to acquire Fulstow was surely that it had really belonged to his antecessor Aki.

Because Aki is named in the sake and soke list before his brother Wiglac, he can be presumed the elder brother. That seniority may account for the presumption in the judgement about Coningsby that he controlled one of the estates listed under his father’s name. Aki’s own manors amounted in 1066 to 8½ carucates worth £11 10s., and Siward’s to some 11½ carucates worth £14. Ingoldmells is of course an unknown quantity, though its soke amounted to 2½ carucates.

Aki’s share of the family’s estates lay mainly in the Bain valley in the South Riding of Lindsey: Coningsby at the south end of the valley where it runs into the river Witham and the Fens, Haltham and Thornton 4 and 7 miles upstream. Fulstow, where Aki was probably the largest of six proprietors, was 25 miles further north, on the other side of the Wolds, a vill which stretched from the higher arable land around the church down across the coastal alluvium to the shore of the North Sea nearly opposite Spurn Head.

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