PASE: Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England


[Image: Excerpt from the Domesday Book]
[Image: Durham Liber Vitae, folio 38r (extract)]

Tholf 4 Tholf ‘of Coal Aston’ (Derb.), fl. 1066

Author: CPL
Editorial Status: 4 of 5

  Discussion of the name  


Tholf 4 was a small landowner in north Derbyshire whose two estates of little more than 1 carucate were worth £1 10s.

Distribution map of property and lordships associated with this name in DB

List of property and lordships associated with this name in DB

Holder 1066

Shire Phil. ref. Vill Holder 1066 DB Spelling Holder 1066 Lord 1066 Tenant-in-Chief 1086 1086 subtenant Fiscal value 1066 value 1086 value Holder 1066 ID conf. Show on map
Derbyshire 17,5 Coal Aston Tolf Tholf 'of Coal Aston' - Leofwine 'of Coal Aston' - 0.69 1.00 1.00 A Map
Derbyshire 17,4 Totley Tolf Tholf 'of Coal Aston' - 1 king's thegn 'of Totley' - 0.50 0.50 0.05 A Map
Total               1.19 1.50 1.05  


Coal Aston and Totley are 4 miles apart in the moorland foothills of north Derbyshire. They appear in successive entries among the lands of the king’s thegns, with the TRE holder’s name spelled identically (for once among all the Tholfs).

The king’s thegn Leofwine had succeeded Tholf at Coal Aston. It is not clear who held Totley in 1086, since it is one of six among the twenty-three manors of the king’s thegns which does not say. Any supposition that Tholf 4 remained in possession is undermined by the facts that he had been replaced by Leofwine at Coal Aston and that DB does sometimes say explicitly in this section that the TRE holder continued in possession (Derb. 17:10, 13, 15, 18).

There is nothing to link Tholf 4 with any of the other Tholfs. In particular the estates assigned to the nearest, Tholf 3, some 50 miles away in Staffordshire, were equally small and very unlikely to have belonged to the same person.

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