PASE: Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England

Domesday

[Image: Excerpt from the Domesday Book]
[Image: Durham Liber Vitae, folio 38r (extract)]

Beorhtstan 15 Beorhtstan ‘of Langney’ (Suss.), fl. 1066

Male
Author: CPL
Editorial Status: 4 of 5

Discussion of the name  

Summary

          

Beorhtstan 15 was one of two men sharing 1 hide worth probably 8s. 4d. in the marshland Levels of east Sussex.

Distribution map of property and lordships associated with this name in DB

List of property and lordships associated with this name in DB

           

Holder 1066

Shire Phil. ref. Vill Holder 1066 DB Spelling Holder 1066 Lord 1066 Tenant-in-Chief 1086 1086 subtenant Fiscal value 1066 value 1086 value Holder 1066 ID conf. Show on map
Sussex 10,80 Langney Bricstan Beorhtstan 'of Langney' - Robert, count of Mortain Ranulph 'the man of Robert, count of Mortain' 0.50 0.21 0.13 A Map
Total               0.50 0.21 0.13  

Profile

   

Langney, literally ‘the long island’ (PN Suss. II, 447), rises out of the marshy Levels 2 miles south-west of the Roman fort at Pevensey, overlooking the beaches where Duke William’s army came ashore on 28 September 1066. In 1086 it was divided into two separate hides of land, each held by two bordars presumably with ½ hide apiece for which they paid 30d. rent, a value of 10s. in all. Before the Conquest one of the hides had been held ‘as an alod’, meaning independently of any lord, by Leomær 5 and Beorhtstan 15, the other by Ælfheah perhaps in the same way. The TRE value of 16s. 8d. for the whole of Langney implies that each ½-hide tenement was then worth 50d. The economy of a ½-hide tenement in this landscape is likely to have included use of summer grazing in the marshes besides arable cultivation on Langney island itself.

None of the three men who held Langney in 1066 had land elsewhere, and we must suppose that they were the predecessors of the bordars farming there in 1086, perhaps even identical with them. Bordars were usually low in the socio-economic order, but ½ hide was an exceptionally large holding for a bordar, more than was farmed by many whom DB calls villans.

There is nothing to link Beorhtstan of Langney with either of his namesakes elsewhere in England in 1066.

Bibliography

    

PN Suss.: A. Mawer and F. M. Stenton with J. E. B. Gover, The Place-Names of Sussex, 2 vols, English Place-Name Society 6 and 7 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1929–30)

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