PASE: Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England


[Image: Excerpt from the Domesday Book]
[Image: Durham Liber Vitae, folio 38r (extract)]

Beorhtgifu 7 Beorhtgifu ‘of Wickford’ (Essex), fl. 1066

Author: CPL
Editorial Status: 4 of 5

  Discussion of the name  



Beorhtgifu 7 was a small landowner in south Essex with 2½ virgates worth about 20 shillings.

Distribution map of property and lordships associated with this name in DB

List of property and lordships associated with this name in DB


Holder 1066

Shire Phil. ref. Vill Holder 1066 DB Spelling Holder 1066 Lord 1066 Tenant-in-Chief 1086 1086 subtenant Fiscal value 1066 value 1086 value Holder 1066 ID conf. Show on map
Essex 24,9 Wickford Bricteua Beorhtgifu 'of Wickford' - Swein of Essex Thorkil the reeve 0.63 1.00 0.84 B Map
Total               0.63 1.00 0.84  



The name Beorhtgifu appears twice in Essex, at places 23 miles apart, but there is no reason to think that the same woman was involved at both (contra Freeman: IV, 723, 736). The larger of the two holdings was ½ hide and 15 acres at Wickford, on the river Crouch in south Essex. Wickford was divided in 1066 into as many as twenty separate holdings, all but one of which were of 1 hide or less. Beorhtgifu’s was one of six which fell into the hands of the sheriff Swein of Essex (Swein 9) and were merged as a single manor for Swein’s tenant Thorkil, kept distinct from two other smaller holdings and the principal manor at Wickford, also in Swein’s hands (Essex 24:9–12).

In 1066 Beorhtgifu farmed her land with 1 plough and had 20 acres of wood and 2 bordars and a villan as tenants.



Freeman: Edward A. Freeman, The History of the Norman Conquest of England, its Causes and its Results, 6 vols, revised edn (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1875–9 [I and II in 3rd edn, 1877; III and IV in 2nd edn, 1875–6; V and VI, 1876–9]

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