PASE: Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England

Domesday

[Image: Excerpt from the Domesday Book]
[Image: Durham Liber Vitae, folio 38r (extract)]

Hearding 4 Hearding son of Eadnoth, fl. 1066x1086

Male
Author: DWP
Editorial Status: 2 of 5

Discussion of the name  

Summary

Hearding 4, the son of Eadnoth 22, had a substantial holding in the north Midlands and the South-West TRE and, although he had lost many of his lands by 1086, he was one of the more successful survivors of the Conquest.

Distribution map of property and lordships associated with this name in DB

 

List of property and lordships associated with this name in DB

Holder 1066

Shire Phil. ref. Vill Holder 1066 DB Spelling Holder 1066 Lord 1066 Tenant-in-Chief 1086 1086 subtenant Fiscal value 1066 value 1086 value Holder 1066 ID conf. Show on map
Wiltshire 67,61 Figheldean Hearding son of Eadnoth - Aubrey, earl - 4.50 0.00 0.00 A Map
Leicestershire 10,5 Shenton Harding Hearding son of Eadnoth - Aubrey, earl - 1.00 0.05 0.15 A Map
Leicestershire 10,10 Swinford Harding Hearding son of Eadnoth - Aubrey, earl Robert 'the man of Aubrey, earl' 1.50 0.10 0.25 A Map
Leicestershire 10,2 Sapcote Harding Hearding son of Eadnoth - Aubrey, earl Wulfric 'of Sapcote' 1.50 0.10 0.50 A Map
Wiltshire 23,3 Winterslow Hearding son of Eadnoth - Aubrey, earl - 2.00 1.00 1.00 A Map
Wiltshire 23,6 Tytherington Hardingus Hearding son of Eadnoth - Aubrey, earl - 2.00 1.00 1.00 A Map
Leicestershire 10,13 Theddingworth Harding Hearding son of Eadnoth - Aubrey, earl Norman 'of Theddingworth' 3.25 0.50 1.00 A Map
Leicestershire 10,14 Littlethorpe Harding Hearding son of Eadnoth - Aubrey, earl Ralph de Chartres 2.00 0.50 1.00 A Map
Warwickshire 14,6 Radway Harding Hearding son of Eadnoth - Aubrey, earl - 2.00 1.00 1.00 A Map
Leicestershire 10,11 Walton Harding Hearding son of Eadnoth - Aubrey, earl Norman 'of Theddingworth' 4.50 0.50 1.25 A Map
Leicestershire 10,15 Wanlip Harding Hearding son of Eadnoth - Aubrey, earl Ralph de Chartres 4.00 0.50 1.25 A Map
Leicestershire 10,16 Shoby Harding Hearding son of Eadnoth - Aubrey, earl Ralph de Chartres 11.00 1.00 1.50 A Map
Leicestershire 10,17 Walton on the Wolds Harding Hearding son of Eadnoth - Aubrey, earl Ralph de Chartres 7.00 0.13 1.50 A Map
Leicestershire 10,6 Shearsby Harding Hearding son of Eadnoth - Aubrey, earl Norman 'of Theddingworth' 4.50 0.75 2.00 A Map
Leicestershire 10,7 Croft Harding Hearding son of Eadnoth - Aubrey, earl Ralph de Chartres 4.50 0.28 2.00 A Map
Leicestershire 10,8 Fenny Drayton Harding Hearding son of Eadnoth - Aubrey, earl Almær 'of Fenny Drayton' 5.50 1.50 2.00 A Map
Leicestershire 10,9 Bitteswell Harding Hearding son of Eadnoth - Aubrey, earl Robert 'the man of Aubrey, earl' 8.50 0.50 2.00 A Map
Leicestershire 10,12 Theddingworth Harding Hearding son of Eadnoth - Aubrey, earl Norman 'of Theddingworth' 6.50 1.00 2.00 A Map
Wiltshire 23,2 Durrington Hearding son of Eadnoth - Aubrey, earl - 1.50 2.40 2.40 - Map
Leicestershire 10,1 Knaptoft Harding Hearding son of Eadnoth - Aubrey, earl - 0.50 1.00 2.50 A Map
Wiltshire 23,4 Ablington Hearding son of Eadnoth - Aubrey, earl - 3.00 4.00 4.00 A Map
Wiltshire 67,62 Ogbourne Harding Hearding son of Eadnoth - Hearding son of Eadnoth - 5.00 4.00 4.00 A Map
Dorset 43,1 Bredy Harding Hearding son of Eadnoth - Berenger Giffard - 4.00 3.00 4.00 B Map
Somerset 8,32 Cranmore Harding Hearding son of Eadnoth Æthelnoth, abbot of Glastonbury Thurstan, abbot of Glastonbury Hearding son of Eadnoth 12.00 4.00 4.00 A Map
Wiltshire 12,1 Beechingstoke Harding Hearding son of Eadnoth Leofgifu, abbess of Shaftesbury Eulalia, abbess of Shaftesbury Thurstan the chamberlain 5.00 3.00 5.00 C Map
Leicestershire 10,4 Sibson Harding Hearding son of Eadnoth - Aubrey, earl - 9.00 3.00 5.00 A Map
Warwickshire 14,1 Nuneaton Harding Hearding son of Eadnoth - Aubrey, earl - 0.00 4.00 5.00 A Map
Wiltshire 23,5 Chitterne Hearding son of Eadnoth - Aubrey, earl - 6.00 4.00 6.00 A Map
Warwickshire 14,3 Smeeton Harding Hearding son of Eadnoth - Aubrey, earl - 6.00 2.00 6.00 A Map
Wiltshire 67,61 Figheldean Harding Hearding son of Eadnoth - Hearding son of Eadnoth - 7.00 9.00 9.00 A Map
Wiltshire 20,6 Winterslow Harding Hearding son of Eadnoth - Robert, count of Mortain - 6.50 10.00 10.00 A Map
Wiltshire 23,1 Compton Hearding son of Eadnoth - Aubrey, earl - 7.00 10.00 10.00 A Map
Leicestershire 10,3 Hinckley Harding Hearding son of Eadnoth - Aubrey, earl - 14.00 6.00 10.00 A Map
Wiltshire 67,60 Knighton Harding Hearding son of Eadnoth - Hearding son of Eadnoth - 11.00 11.00 11.00 A Map
Total               173.25 90.81 119.30  

Tenant-in-Chief 1086 demesne estates (no subtenants)

Shire Phil. ref. Vill TIC DB Spelling Holder 1066 Lord 1066 Tenant-in-Chief 1086 1086 subtenant Fiscal value 1066 value 1086 value TIC ID conf. Show on map
Somerset 47,5 Capland Edward, king - Hearding son of Eadnoth - 0.50 0.00 0.25 - Map
Berkshire 65,17 Burlei Herding Ælfgifu of 'Burlei' - Hearding son of Eadnoth - 1.00 1.00 0.60 - Map
Somerset 47,5 Capland Idem Tovi the sheriff - Hearding son of Eadnoth - 1.00 0.25 1.00 - Map
Somerset 47,3 Lopen Harding Tovi the sheriff - Hearding son of Eadnoth - 2.00 1.00 2.00 - Map
Somerset 47,8 Discove Harding Tovi the sheriff - Hearding son of Eadnoth - 1.00 2.00 2.00 - Map
Wiltshire 67,62 Ogbourne Harding Hearding son of Eadnoth - Hearding son of Eadnoth - 5.00 4.00 4.00 - Map
Somerset 47,6 Merricott Idem Godwine the king's reeve - Hearding son of Eadnoth - 5.00 5.00 4.00 - Map
Wiltshire 67,61 Figheldean Harding Hearding son of Eadnoth - Hearding son of Eadnoth - 7.00 9.00 9.00 - Map
Wiltshire 67,60 Knighton Harding Hearding son of Eadnoth - Hearding son of Eadnoth - 11.00 11.00 11.00 - Map
Total               33.50 33.25 33.85  

Tenant-in-Chief 1086 subtenanted estates

Shire Phil. ref. Vill TIC DB Spelling Holder 1066 Lord 1066 Tenant-in-Chief 1086 1086 subtenant Fiscal value 1066 value 1086 value TIC ID conf. Show on map
Somerset 47,7 Buckland Regis Harding Tovi the sheriff - Hearding son of Eadnoth Godwine 'of Buckland Regis' 1.00 2.00 0.50 - Map
Somerset 47,4 Goose Bradon Harding Tovi the sheriff - Hearding son of Eadnoth Ceolric 'of Curry Mallet' 1.00 1.00 0.50 - Map
Total               2.00 3.00 1.00  

Subtenant in 1086

Shire Phil. ref. Vill Subtenant DB Spelling Holder 1066 Lord 1066 Tenant-in-Chief 1086 1086 subtenant Fiscal value 1066 value 1086 value Subtenant ID conf. Show on map
Hampshire 6,1 Alton Herding Eadgyth, queen (aka Queen Edith) - William, king Hearding son of Eadnoth 5.00 0.00 0.00 - Map
Gloucestershire 78,15 Wheatenhurst Harding Beorhtric 'of Newton Valence' - Beorhtric 'of Newton Valence' Hearding son of Eadnoth 5.00 5.00 1.50 - Map
Warwickshire 17,30 Hodnell Harding Wulfnoth 'of Hodnell' - Thorkil of Warwick Hearding son of Eadnoth 4.00 2.00 2.00 - Map
Somerset 8,32 Cranmore Harding Hearding son of Eadnoth Æthelnoth, abbot of Glastonbury Thurstan, abbot of Glastonbury Hearding son of Eadnoth 12.00 4.00 4.00 - Map
Total               26.00 11.00 7.50  

Profile

 

That many of Hearding 4’s estates, along with many of those of his father Eadnoth 22’s colleague Tovi, sheriff of Somerset TRE, were used to create the fief of Earl Aubrey is widely known and accepted. Where Earl Aubrey was not the recorded successor to Hearding 4’s estates is where other arguments for the identity are needed.

Five estates in Wiltshire were held by someone called Hearding TRE but did not pass to Earl Aubrey: Beechingstoke, Winterslow, Knighton, Figheldean, Ogbourne). These are attributed to Hearding 4 because extremely rare; because these estates are of a similar size and in lay close to estates known to have been held by Hearding 4; and because three of the estates (Knighton, Figheldean, Ogbourne) were held by a Hearding as tenant-in-chief in 1086.

Bibliography

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