PASE: Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England

Domesday

[Image: Excerpt from the Domesday Book]
[Image: Durham Liber Vitae, folio 38r (extract)]

Stigand 1 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury (1052–1070, d. 1072)

Male
Author: SDB
Editorial Status: 4 of 5

Discussion of the name  

Summary

Stigand’s documented career spans more than fifty years. King Cnut gave him an important minster in Essex in 1020, and he is known to have served as a royal priest in the households of kings Cnut and Harthacnut. He was bishop of Elmham between 1043 and 1047, bishop of Winchester between 1047 and 1070, and archbishop of Canterbury (in plurality with Winchester) between 1052 and 1070, when he was deposed and imprisoned at Winchester. He died on 21 or 22 February 1072. Domesday Book reveals that he was one of the most prolific landholders in England in 1066 in his own right. It also records that he was the lord of the extensive estates assigned to the communities of Christ Church, Canterbury, and to the Old Minster, Winchester; and lord of many sokemen, free men and thegns in East Anglia and the southeast Midlands.

Distribution map of property and lordships associated with this name in DB

 

List of property and lordships associated with this name in DB

Holder 1066

Shire Phil. ref. Vill Holder 1066 DB Spelling Holder 1066 Lord 1066 Tenant-in-Chief 1086 1086 subtenant Fiscal value 1066 value 1086 value Holder 1066 ID conf. Show on map
Kent 2,1 Canterbury Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury - 0.00 2.00 2.00 C Map
Kent 2,4 Otford Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury Richard fitzGilbert 0.00 10.00 10.00 C Map
Kent 2,9 Northfleet Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury Richard fitzGilbert 0.00 0.00 3.00 B Map
Kent 2,10 Wrotham Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury Richard fitzGilbert 0.00 0.00 15.00 C Map
Kent 2,12 Gillingham Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury Robert Brutin 0.00 0.00 1.00 C Map
Kent 2,12 Gillingham Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury Ansketil de Rots 0.00 0.00 1.00 C Map
Kent 2,25 Romney Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury - 0.00 6.00 6.00 C Map
Kent 2,29 Eynsford Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury Richard fitzGilbert 0.00 0.00 3.00 C Map
Kent 5,138 Hougham Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Edward, king Odo, bishop of Bayeux Herbert fitzIvo 0.00 0.00 10.00 A Map
Kent 5,138 Barham Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Edward, king Odo, bishop of Bayeux Osbern Paisforiere 0.00 0.00 6.00 A Map
Kent 5,138 Barham Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Edward, king Odo, bishop of Bayeux Ranulph de Colombières 0.00 0.00 2.00 A Map
Sussex 2,4 Lewes Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury - 0.00 0.43 0.43 C Map
Surrey 2,3 London Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury - 0.00 0.00 0.22 C Map
Surrey 2,3 Southwark Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury - 0.00 0.00 0.11 C Map
Surrey 2,3 Putney Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury - 0.00 0.00 1.00 C Map
Somerset 2,2 Taunton Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester - 0.00 0.00 0.00 A Map
Somerset 2,3 Tolland Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester - 0.00 0.00 0.00 A Map
Somerset 2,3 Oake Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester - 0.00 0.00 0.00 A Map
Somerset 2,3 Holford Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester - 0.00 0.00 0.00 A Map
Somerset 2,3 Upper Cheddon Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester - 0.00 0.00 0.00 A Map
Somerset 2,3 Cheddon Fitzpaine Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester - 0.00 0.00 0.00 A Map
Somerset 2,3 Maidenbrooke Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester - 0.00 0.00 0.00 A Map
Somerset 2,3 Ford Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester - 0.00 0.00 0.00 A Map
Somerset 2,3 Hillfarrance Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester - 0.00 0.00 0.00 A Map
Somerset 2,3 Hele Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester - 0.00 0.00 0.00 A Map
Somerset 2,3 Nynehead Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester - 0.00 0.00 0.00 A Map
Somerset 2,3 Norton Fitzwarren Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester - 0.00 0.00 0.00 A Map
Somerset 2,3 Bradford on Tone Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester - 0.00 0.00 0.00 A Map
Somerset 2,3 Halse Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester - 0.00 0.00 0.00 A Map
Somerset 2,3 Heathfield Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester - 0.00 0.00 0.00 A Map
Somerset 2,3 Shopnoller Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester - 0.00 0.00 0.00 A Map
Somerset 2,3 Stoke St Mary Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester - 0.00 0.00 0.00 A Map
Somerset 2,3 Bagborough Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester - 0.00 0.00 0.00 A Map
Somerset 2,4 Taunton Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester - 0.00 0.00 0.00 A Map
Somerset 2,5 Taunton Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester - 0.00 0.00 0.00 B Map
Norfolk 1,210 Weeting Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - William, king William de Noyers 0.00 0.00 0.00 A Map
Norfolk 1,210 Upwell Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - William, king William de Noyers 0.00 0.00 0.00 A Map
Oxfordshire B8 Oxford Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - William, king Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury 0.00 0.16 0.16 C Map
Oxfordshire B8 Oxford Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - William, king Walkelin, bishop of Winchester 0.00 0.26 0.26 C Map
Norfolk 1,61 Norwich Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - William, king - 0.00 0.00 0.00 B Map
Norfolk 1,209 Hunstanton Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - William, king William de Noyers 0.00 3.50 5.50 A Map
Norfolk 1,212 Thetford Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - William, king William de Noyers 0.00 0.00 0.00 A Map
Kent C1 Canterbury Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - William, king Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury 0.00 0.00 0.00 C Map
Berkshire B3 Wallingford Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - William, king Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury 0.00 0.00 0.11 D Map
Surrey 1,1b Guildford Stigandus Edward, king - William, king Ranulph Flambard 0.00 0.72 1.28 - Map
Norfolk 1,61 Norwich, St Martin's Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - William, king William de Noyers 0.10 0.00 0.00 B Map
Sussex 2,1g South Malling Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury William de Cahagnes 0.25 0.00 0.00 C Map
Norfolk 20,12 Barford Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Ralph de Beaufour Richard de Saint-Clair 0.25 1.00 1.00 C Map
Norfolk 20,24 Wroxham Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Ralph de Beaufour - 0.28 0.15 0.15 C Map
Kent 2,25 Lympne Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury - 0.31 12.00 15.00 C Map
Sussex 2,1e South Malling Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury Walter de Ricarville 0.33 0.00 2.00 C Map
Gloucestershire 31,6 Tidenham Stigand Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - William d'Eu - 0.38 0.50 0.50 A Map
Norfolk 2,10 Weston Longville Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Odo, bishop of Bayeux - 0.42 0.00 0.00 C Map
Kent 2,11 Maidstone Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury Wulfric 'of Maidstone' 0.50 0.35 0.21 C Map
Kent 2,11 Maidstone Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury Cola 0.50 0.35 0.21 C Map
Kent 2,16 Westgate Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury Robert de Hardres 0.50 0.88 1.50 C Map
Kent 2,16 Wic Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury Albold 'of Wic' 0.50 0.88 1.50 C Map
Kent 2,16 Westgate Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury Vitalis 'of Whitstable' 0.50 0.88 1.00 C Map
Kent 2,38 Buckland Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury Osbern fitzLetard 0.50 0.50 0.50 C Map
Surrey 3,1 Farnham Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester Wace 'of Farnham' 0.50 0.00 0.60 C Map
Hampshire 2,12 Meonstoke Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester - 0.50 1.25 1.25 B Map
Hertfordshire 7,4 Welwyn Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Robert, bishop of Chester - 0.50 0.15 0.15 A Map
Gloucestershire 39,11 Tidenham Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Roger de Lacy - 0.50 1.00 1.00 A Map
Bedfordshire 39,3 Southill Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Richard Puignant - 0.50 0.00 0.00 A Map
Norfolk 1,210 Feltwell Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - William, king William de Noyers 0.50 0.00 0.00 A Map
Norfolk 1,210 Thetford Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - William, king William de Noyers 0.50 0.00 0.00 A Map
Kent 2,10 Wrotham Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury Farmann 'of Wrotham' 0.75 0.70 5.00 C Map
Hampshire 2,9 Bishops Waltham Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester Robert brother of Gilbert the clerk 0.75 0.00 1.50 B Map
Kent 2,15 Petham Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury Godfrey the crossbowman 0.88 4.50 4.50 C Map
Kent 2,15 Petham Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury Nigel 'of Petham' 0.88 4.50 4.50 C Map
Norfolk 1,61 Norwich, St Michael's Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - William, king William, bishop of Thetford 0.93 0.00 0.00 B Map
Kent 2,4 Otford Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury Hamon the sheriff 1.00 3.50 3.50 C Map
Kent 2,4 Otford Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury Robert the interpreter 1.00 4.25 4.25 C Map
Kent 2,4 Otford Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury Geoffrey de Rots 1.00 4.25 4.25 C Map
Kent 2,24 St Martins Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury Ralph the chamberlain 1.00 4.00 4.00 C Map
Sussex 2,1d South Malling Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury Godfrey 'of South Malling' 1.00 0.00 2.50 C Map
Sussex 2,5 Pagham Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury Osmelin 'of Merston' 1.00 0.80 1.60 C Map
Surrey 3,1 Farnham Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester Osbern d'Eu 1.00 6.00 6.00 C Map
Hampshire 2,9 Bishops Waltham Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester 1 man 1.00 0.00 1.50 B Map
Hampshire 2,20 Houghton Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester William Peverel 1.00 1.00 1.00 B Map
Hampshire 2,20 Houghton Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester Walter 'the man of Walkelin, bishop of Winchester' 1.00 1.00 1.10 B Map
Somerset 2,8 Taunton Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester Robert, count of Mortain 1.00 2.00 4.00 C Map
Somerset 2,8 Taunton Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester Alfred d'Épaignes, the Breton 1.00 2.00 1.00 C Map
Oxfordshire 2,1 Newington Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury Robert d'Oilly 1.00 0.00 1.00 C Map
Oxfordshire 2,1 Newington Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury Roger 'of Newington' 1.00 0.00 1.00 C Map
Norfolk 1,210 Thetford Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - William, king William de Noyers 1.00 0.00 0.00 A Map
Norfolk 1,218 Arminghall Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - William, king William de Noyers 1.00 1.20 1.20 A Map
Norfolk 10a,1 Taverham Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury unnamed clerks of Norwich St Michael unnamed clerks of Norwich St Michael - 1.00 1.00 1.00 C Map
Norfolk 1,234 Sprowston Stingandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - William, king William de Noyers 1.17 0.00 0.00 B Map
Norfolk 1,235 Belaugh Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - William, king William de Noyers 1.20 0.00 0.00 A Map
Hampshire 2,25 Bentley Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester Osbern d'Eu 1.25 2.50 2.50 B Map
Kent 2,16 Nackington Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury Æthelweard 'of Nackington' 1.50 2.64 5.00 C Map
Hampshire 2,18 Yavington Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester - 1.50 1.25 1.00 A Map
Hampshire 2,25 Bentley Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester William 'the man of Walkelin, bishop of Winchester' 1.50 1.00 1.00 B Map
Hampshire 14,6 Yavington Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury unnamed abbess of Winchester Alice, abbess of Winchester - 1.50 1.25 1.25 A Map
Cambridgeshire 2,4 Bassingbourn Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester - 1.50 3.00 3.00 C Map
Bedfordshire 51,3 Holme Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Ralph de L'Isle - 1.50 1.50 1.50 A Map
Norfolk 2,4 West Newton Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Odo, bishop of Bayeux - 1.50 0.00 0.00 C Map
Suffolk 7,4 Denham Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Roger Bigod Aitard de Vaux 1.50 2.00 2.50 B Map
Hampshire 2,20 Houghton Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester Wibert the clerk 1.75 1.75 3.00 B Map
Hampshire NF2,1 Fawley Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - William, king - 1.75 2.50 0.00 B Map
Norfolk 1,238 Haddiscoe Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - William, king William de Noyers 1.83 0.00 0.00 A Map
Kent 2,10 Wrotham Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury William the bursar 2.00 1.88 3.00 C Map
Kent 2,10 Wrotham Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury Geoffrey de Rots 2.00 1.88 3.00 C Map
Kent 2,11 Maidstone Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury Ralph 'the man of Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury' 2.00 1.40 2.50 C Map
Kent 2,11 Maidstone Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury Ansketil de Rots 2.00 1.40 3.00 C Map
Kent 2,16 Thanington Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury Godfrey the steward 2.00 3.52 5.00 C Map
Kent 2,20 Pluckley Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury - 2.00 12.00 15.00 C Map
Kent 2,21 Fleet Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury William d'Arques 2.00 1.93 2.00 C Map
Kent 2,21 Wingham Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury Heringod 'of Wingham' 2.00 1.93 2.00 C Map
Kent 2,21 Wingham Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury Vitalis 'of Whitstable' 2.00 1.93 2.25 C Map
Kent 2,24 St Martins Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury - 2.00 7.00 7.00 C Map
Kent 2,27 Newenden Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury - 2.00 5.00 10.00 C Map
Kent 2,28 Farningham Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury Ansgot of Rochester 2.00 7.00 11.00 C Map
Kent 2,34 Leaveland Court Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury Richard the constable 2.00 1.50 1.00 C Map
Kent 2,35 Graveney Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury Richard the constable 2.00 5.00 6.00 C Map
Kent 2,40 Tilmanstone Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury William Follet 2.00 1.00 1.50 C Map
Kent M14 Deal Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury unnamed canons of Dover Unnamed canons of Dover in 1086 Ansketil the archdeacon 2.00 4.50 5.14 A Map
Sussex 2,1c South Malling Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury unnamed son of Boselin 2.00 0.00 3.00 C Map
Norfolk 1,236 Lakenham Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - William, king William de Noyers 2.00 0.00 0.00 A Map
Norfolk 1,239 Stockton S Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - William, king William de Noyers 2.00 0.00 0.00 A Map
Norfolk 2,3 Harpley Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Odo, bishop of Bayeux Hugh de Port 2.00 2.00 4.00 C Map
Norfolk 18,1 Well Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Gilbert, abbot of Caen Saint-Étienne - 2.00 9.00 10.00 C Map
Norfolk 20,24 Wroxham Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Ralph de Beaufour - 2.00 3.00 4.00 C Map
Norfolk 61,1 Hellesdon Stigand Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Godwine Haldein - 2.00 4.63 4.63 C Map
Somerset 2,8 Taunton Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester John the usher 2.13 1.00 1.50 C Map
Hampshire 2,9 Bishops Waltham Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester Ralph the priest 2.50 0.00 5.00 B Map
Somerset 2,6 Taunton Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester Hugh de Villana 2.50 5.00 5.00 A Map
Cambridgeshire 2,3 Abington Pigotts Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester Hugh the butler 2.50 8.00 7.00 C Map
Kent 2,21 Wingham Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury Wibert 'of Wingham' 3.00 2.89 6.00 C Map
Kent 2,21 Wingham Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury Godfrey the crossbowman 3.00 2.89 5.00 C Map
Kent 2,21 Wingham Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury Arnold 'of Wingham' 3.00 2.89 6.00 C Map
Sussex 2,7 Lavant Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury Ralph 'the man of Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury' 3.00 3.00 3.00 C Map
Gloucestershire 2,5 Swindon Stigand Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury unnamed clerks of Gloucester St Oswald Thomas, archbishop of York unnamed clerks of Gloucester St Oswald 3.00 3.00 4.50 A Map
Norfolk 1,219 Earsham Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - William, king William de Noyers 3.00 11.00 40.00 A Map
Norfolk 1,228 Ditchingham Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - William, king William de Noyers 3.00 0.00 0.00 A Map
Norfolk 2,2 Grimston Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Odo, bishop of Bayeux - 3.00 5.00 7.00 B Map
Norfolk 2,4 Castle Rising Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Odo, bishop of Bayeux - 3.00 0.00 0.00 C Map
Norfolk 1,216 Thorpe St Andrew Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - William, king William de Noyers 3.00 12.00 30.00 A Map
Surrey 3,1 Farnham Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester William nephew of Bishop Walkelin 3.25 0.00 3.90 C Map
Kent 2,14 Whitstable Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury Vitalis 'of Whitstable' 3.30 6.25 14.33 C Map
Hampshire 2,8 Crawley Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester - 3.50 18.85 35.00 B Map
Cambridgeshire 2,2 Clopton Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester - 3.50 4.00 3.00 C Map
Cambridgeshire 15,2 Duxford Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Eustace, count Ernulf d'Ardres 3.50 4.67 3.33 A Map
Surrey 3,1 Farnham Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester Ralph 'the man of Walkelin, bishop of Winchester' 3.75 0.00 4.50 C Map
Kent 2,3 Darenth Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury - 4.00 14.00 15.50 C Map
Kent 2,8 East Malling Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury - 4.00 9.00 9.00 C Map
Kent 2,11 Maidstone Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury William brother of Bishop Gundulf 4.00 2.80 10.00 C Map
Kent 2,36 East Lenham Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury Godfrey the steward 4.00 8.00 12.50 C Map
Sussex 2,1f South Malling Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury unnamed canons of St Michael's 4.00 0.00 3.00 C Map
Hampshire 2,14 Stoke Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester Geoffrey 'the man of Bishop Walkelin' 4.00 4.00 4.00 B Map
Gloucestershire 2,2 Hucclecote Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Thomas, archbishop of York - 4.00 4.00 4.00 A Map
Bedfordshire 51,1 Stratton Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Ralph de L'Isle - 4.00 5.00 12.00 A Map
Norfolk 1,215 Wymondham Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - William, king William de Noyers 4.00 60.00 60.00 A Map
Norfolk 1,231 Horstead Stingandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - William, king William de Noyers 4.00 0.00 0.00 A Map
Suffolk 69,1 Burgh Castle Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Ralph the crossbowman - 4.00 5.00 5.30 A Map
Norfolk 1,212 Litcham Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - William, king William de Noyers 4.00 0.00 0.00 A Map
Norfolk 1,212 Dunham Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - William, king William de Noyers 4.00 0.00 0.00 A Map
Norfolk 1,238 Toft Monks Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - William, king William de Noyers 4.17 10.00 24.00 A Map
Somerset 2,6 Taunton Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester Geoffrey 'the man of Bishop Walkelin' 4.25 10.00 10.00 A Map
Somerset 2,6 Taunton Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester Robert, count of Mortain 4.50 12.00 12.00 A Map
Sussex 2,1a South Malling Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Robert, count of Mortain - 5.00 0.00 0.00 C Map
Sussex 2,1b South Malling Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury Ralph Baynard 5.00 0.00 8.00 C Map
Hampshire 2,6 Bishopstoke Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester - 5.00 6.00 8.00 B Map
Somerset 2,12 Rimpton Stigand Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester - 5.00 7.00 7.00 A Map
Hertfordshire 42a,1 Standon Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - unnamed wife of Richard fitzGilbert - 5.00 15.45 15.00 A Map
Hertfordshire 43,1 Broxbourne Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Adelize de Grandmesnil - 5.00 6.36 3.64 A Map
Cambridgeshire 28,2 Snailwell Stigand Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Wulfric, abbot of Ely Odo, bishop of Bayeux Hugh de Port 5.00 15.00 14.00 A Map
Norfolk 1,237 Tacolneston Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - William, king William de Noyers 5.00 10.00 20.00 A Map
Norfolk 1,211 Croxton Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - William, king William de Noyers 5.00 10.00 5.00 A Map
Kent 2,26 Lyminge Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury 3 men 5.25 11.00 11.00 C Map
Gloucestershire 2,3 Bishops Norton Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Thomas, archbishop of York Walkelin, nephew of Bishop Walkelin of Winchester 5.50 4.00 4.00 A Map
Norfolk 1,69 Thetford Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - William, king unnamed sons of Bishop Herfast 5.94 2.00 2.00 A Map
Kent 2,6 Bexley Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury - 6.00 12.00 20.00 C Map
Hampshire 2,5 Easton Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester - 6.00 24.00 30.00 B Map
Hampshire 2,14 Stoke Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester - 6.00 6.00 7.00 B Map
Suffolk 1,115 Icklingham Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Baldwin, abbot of Bury St Edmunds William, king - 6.00 13.33 23.33 B Map
Hampshire 2,13 East Meon Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester - 6.25 4.00 5.00 B Map
Hampshire 2,22 West Tisted Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester Ranulph 'of West Tisted' 7.00 4.00 6.00 B Map
Suffolk 15,1 Moulton Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1086 7.00 15.00 12.00 B Map
Hampshire 2,25 Bentley Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester - 7.25 12.00 12.00 B Map
Hertfordshire 10,10 Redbourn Stigand Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Ecgfrith, abbot of St Albans Paul, abbot of St Albans - 7.25 16.00 30.00 A Map
Hampshire 2,15 Fareham Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester Ralph 'the man of Walkelin, bishop of Winchester' 7.50 4.20 4.20 B Map
Norfolk 2,4 Flitcham Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Odo, bishop of Bayeux - 7.50 0.00 0.00 B Map
Kent 2,16 Westgate Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury - 8.00 11.43 40.00 C Map
Hertfordshire 23,3 Pirton Stigand Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Ralph de Limésy - 8.00 20.00 16.00 A Map
Cambridgeshire 2,1 Steeple Morden Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester - 8.00 16.00 20.00 C Map
Norfolk 2,4 Snettisham Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Odo, bishop of Bayeux - 8.00 50.00 85.00 C Map
Bedfordshire 39,1 Dunton Stigand Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Richard Puignant - 8.25 6.00 8.00 A Map
Kent 2,26 Lyminge Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury - 8.75 24.00 40.00 C Map
Hampshire 2,23 Abbotstone Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester Hugh de Port 9.00 5.00 6.00 B Map
Gloucestershire 2,9 Compton Abdale Stigand Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Thomas, archbishop of York 1 man 9.00 9.00 7.00 A Map
Suffolk 1,110 Bungay Stingandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - William, king - 9.00 5.00 12.00 C Map
Bedfordshire 51,2 Biggleswade Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Ralph de L'Isle - 9.50 9.50 16.15 A Map
Kent 2,14 Whitstable Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury - 9.70 18.00 50.71 C Map
Kent 2,18 Boughton under Blean Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury - 10.00 15.81 30.81 C Map
Wiltshire 2,2 Fonthill Bishop Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester - 10.00 10.00 14.00 C Map
Norfolk 1,212 Mileham Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - William, king William de Noyers 10.00 30.00 60.00 A Map
Suffolk 1,119 Bramford Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - William, king - 10.00 10.00 22.00 C Map
Suffolk 1,118 Hintlesham Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - William, king - 10.33 9.00 19.80 B Map
Kent 2,15 Petham Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury - 10.50 8.31 20.00 C Map
Kent 2,11 Maidstone Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury - 11.00 7.70 20.00 C Map
Kent 2,10 Wrotham Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury - 11.25 10.54 24.00 C Map
Kent 2,9 Northfleet Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury - 12.00 10.00 24.00 B Map
Kent 2,12 Gillingham Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury - 12.00 15.00 23.00 C Map
Kent 2,17 Bishopsbourne Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury - 12.00 20.00 30.00 C Map
Kent 2,22 Mersham Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury - 12.00 10.00 20.00 C Map
Kent 2,29 Eynsford Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury Ralph fitzOspak 12.00 16.00 20.00 C Map
Kent 5,138 Barham Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Edward, king Odo, bishop of Bayeux Fulbert 'of Barham' 12.00 40.00 40.00 A Map
Suffolk 1,115 Mildenhall Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Baldwin, abbot of Bury St Edmunds William, king - 12.00 26.67 46.67 C Map
Kent 2,4 Otford Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury - 13.00 38.00 38.00 C Map
Oxfordshire 2,1 Newington Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury - 13.00 11.00 13.00 C Map
Gloucestershire 56,2 South Cerney Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walter fitzRoger - 14.25 16.00 12.00 A Map
Oxfordshire 3,2 Adderbury Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester - 14.50 12.00 20.00 C Map
Sussex 2,7 Lavant Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury - 15.00 9.00 15.00 C Map
Berkshire 2,2 Harwell Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester - 15.00 12.00 16.00 A Map
Somerset 2,10 Pitminster Stigand Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester - 15.00 13.00 16.00 A Map
Gloucestershire 2,1 Churchdown Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Thomas, archbishop of York - 15.50 13.00 12.00 A Map
Kent 2,13 Reculver Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury - 16.00 14.00 35.00 C Map
Kent 2,19 Charing Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury - 16.00 24.00 34.00 C Map
Hampshire 2,15 Fareham Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester - 17.50 11.00 13.00 B Map
Hampshire 2,3 Twyford Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester - 20.00 20.00 32.00 B Map
Hampshire 2,11 West Meon Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester - 20.00 20.00 40.00 B Map
Hampshire IoW2,1 Calbourne Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester - 20.00 10.00 30.00 B Map
Berkshire 2,3 Brightwell Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester - 20.00 20.00 25.00 A Map
Buckinghamshire 3,2 Ivinghoe Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester - 20.00 15.00 18.00 B Map
Norfolk 1,210 Methwold Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - William, king William de Noyers 20.00 20.00 30.00 A Map
Hampshire 2,20 Houghton Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester - 20.25 24.00 25.90 B Map
Hampshire 2,9 Bishops Waltham Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester - 25.75 31.00 30.00 B Map
Dorset 28,2 Sturminster Marshall Stigand Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Roger de Beaumont - 30.00 66.00 55.00 A Map
Oxfordshire 3,1 Witney Stigand Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester - 30.00 22.00 25.00 A Map
Gloucestershire 1,56 Tidenham Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Sæweald, abbot of Bath William, king - 30.00 25.00 25.00 B Map
Somerset 2,1 TaunSecondton Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester - 30.88 50.00 154.05 A Map
Hampshire 2,10 Overton Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester - 32.00 24.00 61.00 B Map
Hampshire 2,1 Old Alresford Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester - 34.00 26.67 40.00 B Map
Oxfordshire 15,2 Pyrton Stigand Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Hugh, earl William fitzNigel 40.00 16.00 30.00 A Map
Kent 2,23 Aldington Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury - 42.00 62.00 101.00 C Map
Sussex 2,5 Pagham Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury 49.00 39.20 78.40 C Map
Surrey 3,1 Farnham Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester - 51.50 55.00 38.00 C Map
Middlesex 2,1 Hayes Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury - 59.00 40.00 30.00 A Map
Wiltshire 2,1 Downton Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester - 59.50 60.00 80.00 C Map
Sussex 2,1a South Malling Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury - 62.42 40.00 70.00 C Map
Kent 2,21 Wingham Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury - 65.00 62.56 100.00 C Map
Surrey 2,3 Mortlake Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury - 72.00 32.00 38.00 C Map
Hampshire 1,16 East Meon Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - William, king - 72.00 60.00 100.00 A Map
Surrey 2,1 Croydon Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury - 80.00 12.00 27.00 C Map
Total               1790.08 2050.52 3109.83  

Lord 1066

Shire Phil. ref. Vill Lord 1066 DB Spelling Holder 1066 Lord 1066 Tenant-in-Chief 1086 1086 subtenant Fiscal value 1066 value 1086 value Lord 1066 ID conf. Show on map
Norfolk 1,210 Methwold 4 free men, of Methwold Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king William de Warenne 0.00 0.00 0.00 D Map
Norfolk 1,211 Croxton 16 sokemen, of Croxton Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king William de Warenne 0.00 0.00 0.00 D Map
Kent 2,2 Sandwich unnamed unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1086 0.00 15.00 50.00 C Map
Kent 3,4 Meopham unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1086 0.00 0.00 0.93 C Map
Kent 3,5 East Farleigh unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1086 0.00 0.00 4.00 C Map
Kent 3,10 Seasalter unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1086 0.00 1.20 5.00 C Map
Kent 3,23 Sandwich unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1086 0.00 0.00 0.00 C Map
Hampshire 3,1 Chilcomb Manna 'of Chilcomb' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1086 0.00 3.24 7.20 C Map
Hampshire 3,1 Chilcomb Cypping 'of Worthy' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1086 0.00 1.08 2.40 C Map
Hampshire 3,1 Chilcomb Ælfhere ‘Isenthegn’ Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1086 0.00 1.08 2.40 C Map
Hampshire 3,1 Chilcomb Gerald 'of Chilcomb' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1086 0.00 2.16 4.80 C Map
Hampshire 3,1 Chilcomb Æthelmær 'of Chilcombe' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1086 0.00 1.08 2.40 C Map
Hampshire 3,1 Chilcomb Godwine of Worthy Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1086 0.00 1.08 2.40 C Map
Cambridgeshire 28,2 Snailwell 6 sokemen, men of Archbishop Stigand Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Odo, bishop of Bayeux Hugh de Port 0.00 0.00 0.00 A Map
Norfolk 12,1 Gooderstone Stigandus 2 free men Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Godric the steward - 0.00 0.00 0.00 A Map
Norfolk 20,10 Deopham 3 free men Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Ralph de Beaufour - 0.00 1.38 1.38 C Map
Norfolk 29,5 Docking Stigandus Ælfric 'of Denton' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Eudo fitzSpirewic - 0.00 1.00 1.00 C Map
Suffolk 1,116 Ipswich Stigandus 2 burgesses Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king - 0.00 0.00 0.00 C Map
Norfolk 1,211 Croxton 1 sokeman Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king Ralph de Tosny 0.00 0.00 0.00 D Map
Norfolk 61,1 Hellesdon 6 sokemen Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Godwine Haldein - 0.01 0.00 0.00 D Map
Norfolk 2,9 Bramerton Alfred the priest Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Odo, bishop of Bayeux - 0.02 0.00 0.00 - Map
Norfolk 1,236 Lakenham 2 sokemen, of Lakenham Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king William de Noyers 0.03 0.00 0.00 C Map
Norfolk 10,29 Plumstead Stigandus 1 sokeman Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, bishop of Thetford - 0.03 0.02 0.02 B Map
Norfolk 31,32 West Lynn Stigand 1 free man Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Ralph Baynard - 0.03 0.00 0.00 C Map
Norfolk 2,4 Shernborne 1 sokeman Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Odo, bishop of Bayeux - 0.04 0.00 0.00 E Map
Norfolk 9,6 Flitcham Stigandus 1 sokeman Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger Bigod - 0.04 0.10 0.10 A Map
Norfolk 9,66 Carleton St Peter 2 free men Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger Bigod Robert de Vaux 0.04 0.00 0.00 E Map
Norfolk 1,212 Litcham 2 sokemen Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king William de Noyers 0.04 0.00 0.00 D Map
Norfolk 4,8 Stanfield Stigandus 2 sokemen Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Alan, count unnamed son of Almær 0.05 0.00 0.00 C Map
Norfolk 9,8 Ringstead 1 sokeman Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger Bigod - 0.05 0.03 0.03 E Map
Norfolk 1,213 Bittering 1 woman Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king William de Noyers 0.07 0.00 0.00 D Map
Norfolk 1,241 Thurlton 1 free man Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king William de Noyers 0.07 0.10 0.05 C Map
Norfolk 9,161 Yelverton Stiga' 1 free man Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger Bigod Ranulph fitzWalter 0.07 0.10 0.13 C Map
Norfolk 49,8 Thurton Stigandus Ketil Alder Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury John nephew of Waleran - 0.07 0.10 0.05 C Map
Norfolk 1,212 Mileham 1 sokeman Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king William de Noyers 0.07 0.00 0.00 D Map
Norfolk 1,225 Thorpe Abbots 2 free men, of Thorpe Abbots Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king William de Noyers 0.08 0.00 0.00 A Map
Norfolk 1,241 Thurlton 2 free men Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king William de Noyers 0.08 0.10 0.07 C Map
Norfolk 8,12 Sco Ruston Stigandus 4 free men Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William de Warenne - 0.08 0.00 0.00 C Map
Norfolk 9,65 Ashby St Mary Stigandus 2 free men Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger Bigod Robert de Vaux 0.08 0.00 0.00 C Map
Suffolk 7,4 Denham Stigandus 1 free man Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger Bigod Aitard de Vaux 0.08 0.10 0.10 C Map
Suffolk 74,12 Thurleston Stigandus Godwine 'of Thurleston' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Godwine 'of Thurleston' - 0.08 0.08 0.08 C Map
Suffolk 1,119 Bramford Stigandus 3 sokemen Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king - 0.08 0.00 0.00 C Map
Hertfordshire 5,12 Libury S' Alweard 'of Meesden' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Odo, bishop of Bayeux - 0.09 0.05 0.05 A Map
Norfolk 9,99 Tharston Stigandus 1 sokeman Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger Bigod - 0.09 0.09 0.09 C Map
Norfolk 1,121 Trowse Stigandus 1 sokeman Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king Godric the steward 0.09 0.00 0.00 A Map
Norfolk 1,237 Tacolneston 5 sokemen, of Tacolneston Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king William de Noyers 0.10 0.00 0.00 C Map
Norfolk 1,239 Ierpstuna 8 free men Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king William de Noyers 0.10 0.00 0.00 D Map
Norfolk 2,3 Harpley 5 sokemen Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Odo, bishop of Bayeux - 0.10 0.00 0.00 E Map
Norfolk 2,8 Shotesham Stigandus Alfred the priest Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Odo, bishop of Bayeux - 0.10 0.00 0.00 C Map
Norfolk 9,7 Appleton Stigandus Abba 'of Appleton' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger Bigod - 0.10 0.10 0.05 C Map
Norfolk 9,28 Bramerton Stigandus 2 free men Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger Bigod Aitard de Vaux 0.10 0.04 0.06 C Map
Somerset 2,7 Taunton Leofwig 'of Taunton' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester Leofwig 'of Taunton' 0.13 0.10 0.15 C Map
Hertfordshire 2,5 Sacombe Stigandus Ælfric the black Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury - 0.13 0.06 0.06 A Map
Hertfordshire 5,14 Clothall S' 2 sokemen Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Odo, bishop of Bayeux Osbern 'of Buckland' 0.13 0.16 0.11 A Map
Cambridgeshire 2,3 Abington Pigotts Stigandus 1 sokeman Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester Hugh the butler 0.13 0.00 0.00 A Map
Cambridgeshire 2,4 Bassingbourn S 1 sokeman Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester - 0.13 0.00 0.00 A Map
Cambridgeshire 13,10 Whitwell 1 sokeman, man of Archbishop Stigand Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger, earl - 0.13 0.04 0.04 A Map
Cambridgeshire 32,8 Guilden Morden Stigandus Godwine 'of Guilden Morden' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Picot of Cambridge - 0.13 0.36 0.23 A Map
Cambridgeshire 32,8 Guilden Morden Stigandus William 'of Guilden Morden' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Picot of Cambridge - 0.13 0.36 0.23 A Map
Cambridgeshire 32,13 Abington Pigotts S Osgot 'of Guilden Mordern' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Picot of Cambridge - 0.13 0.10 0.10 A Map
Norfolk 1,239 Gillingham 4 free men Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king William de Noyers 0.13 0.00 0.00 C Map
Norfolk 2,4 West Newton 2 sokemen Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Odo, bishop of Bayeux - 0.13 0.00 0.00 E Map
Norfolk 4,55 Cringleford Stigandus 1 free man Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Alan, count Roger Bigod 0.13 0.15 0.15 C Map
Norfolk 9,171 Seething Stigandus 1 free man Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger Bigod 1 man 0.13 0.13 0.13 C Map
Norfolk 9,201 Cringleford Stigandus 1 free man Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger Bigod - 0.13 0.15 0.15 C Map
Norfolk 20,11 Morley Stigandus 1 free man Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Ralph de Beaufour Hugh 'the man of Ralph de Beaufour' 0.13 0.55 0.55 C Map
Norfolk 31,18 Haddiscoe Stigandus 1 free man Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Ralph Baynard - 0.13 0.10 0.10 C Map
Norfolk 43,3 Starston Stigandus 2 free men Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger de Rames Warenger 'of Hedingham' 0.13 0.20 0.13 C Map
Suffolk 7,60 Offton Stigandus - Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger Bigod Hugh de Houdain 0.13 0.14 0.14 C Map
Norfolk 1,214 Kirtling 2 sokemen, of Kirtling Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king William de Noyers 0.14 0.00 0.00 D Map
Norfolk 1,239 Gillingham 1 half-free man Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king William de Noyers 0.14 0.00 0.00 C Map
Hertfordshire 17,5 Throcking Stigandus Alric 'of Throcking' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Eustace, count Rumold 'of Beauchamps' 0.15 0.10 0.10 A Map
Norfolk 9,67 Mundham 5 free men Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger Bigod Robert de Vaux 0.16 0.00 0.00 C Map
Essex 90,9 Midebroc 1 villan 'of Midebroc' Stigand Theodric Pointel - 0.17 0.00 0.20 C Map
Norfolk 1,218 Arminghall 4 sokemen, of Arminghall Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king William de Noyers 0.17 0.00 0.00 C Map
Norfolk 1,241 Thurlton 1 free man Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king William de Noyers 0.17 0.10 0.10 C Map
Norfolk 8,48 Snettisham Stigandus 11 sokemen Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William de Warenne - 0.17 0.12 0.19 C Map
Norfolk 8,49 Fring Stigandus 1 free man Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William de Warenne - 0.17 0.07 0.07 C Map
Norfolk 9,165 Yelverton Stigandus 1 free man Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger Bigod Aitard de Vaux 0.17 0.25 1.00 C Map
Norfolk 9,169 Seething Stigandus 8 free men Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger Bigod - 0.17 0.10 0.20 C Map
Norfolk 20,24 Wroxham 3 free men Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Ralph de Beaufour - 0.17 0.00 0.00 E Map
Suffolk 6,219 Wortham Stigandus Sigeric 'of Wortham' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Robert Malet - 0.17 0.25 0.25 C Map
Suffolk 6,220 Stoke Ash Stigandus Sigeric 'of Wortham' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Robert Malet - 0.17 0.25 0.25 C Map
Suffolk 32,20 Covehithe Stigandus 1 free man Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Geoffrey de Mandeville William fitzSaxwalo de Bouville 0.17 0.20 0.20 C Map
Suffolk 75,5 Bedingfield Stigandus 1 free man Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury 1 free man 'of Bedingfield' - 0.17 0.25 0.25 C Map
Suffolk 77,1 Occold Stigandus Beorhthere 'of Occold' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Odo, bishop of Bayeux - 0.17 0.17 0.17 C Map
Suffolk 1,107 Brampton Stingandus Thorsten 'of Brampton' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king - 0.17 0.20 0.20 C Map
Norfolk 1,227 Redenhall and Denton 2 free men Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king William de Noyers 0.19 0.00 0.00 A Map
Norfolk 1,230 Seething 21 sokemen, of Seething Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king William de Noyers 0.20 0.33 0.75 E Map
Norfolk 2,4 Castle Rising 7 sokemen Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Odo, bishop of Bayeux - 0.20 0.00 0.00 E Map
Norfolk 9,199 Colney Stigandus 9 free men Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger Bigod Warenger 'of Hedingham' 0.20 0.17 0.25 C Map
Norfolk 1,229 Mundham Stigandus 3 free men, of Mundham Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king William de Noyers 0.21 0.00 0.00 A Map
Norfolk 1,239 Stockton 12 sokemen Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king William de Noyers 0.21 0.00 0.00 C Map
Norfolk 2,12 Flordon Stigandus 2 free men and 1 half-free man Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Odo, bishop of Bayeux Roger Bigod 0.21 0.10 0.10 C Map
Norfolk 9,224 Tacolneston Stigandus 1 free man Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger Bigod - 0.21 0.00 0.00 C Map
Norfolk 10,69 Plumstead Stigandus 1 free man Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, bishop of Thetford - 0.21 0.13 0.08 C Map
Norfolk 48,3 Stoke Holy Cross Stigandus 5 free men Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Tovi 'of Holkham' - 0.21 0.70 0.70 E Map
Cambridgeshire 26,41 Longstowe Stigand 1 sokeman, man of Archbishop Stigand Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - - 0.22 0.53 0.00 A Map
Suffolk 6,77 Bedingfield Stigandus 2 free men Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Robert Malet - 0.22 0.20 0.20 C Map
Hertfordshire 37,3 Clothall Stig' Thorbert the priest, the man of Archbishop Stigand Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Hardwin de Scales Theobald 'of Barley' 0.23 0.50 0.25 A Map
Hampshire 3,1 Chilcomb Ælfheah 'of Easton' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1086 0.25 1.08 2.40 C Map
Hertfordshire 5,23 Echington Stigandus 1 sokeman Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Odo, bishop of Bayeux Osbern 'of Buckland' 0.25 0.75 0.50 A Map
Hertfordshire 7,3 Broadfield Stigandus Leodmær 'of Bygrave' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Robert, bishop of Chester - 0.25 0.25 0.15 A Map
Buckinghamshire 12,23 Horton S Brunmann 'of Horton' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Robert, count of Mortain Alstan 'of Horton' 0.25 0.15 0.10 A Map
Norfolk 1,209 Hunstanton 1 free woman Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king William de Noyers 0.25 0.00 0.00 D Map
Norfolk 1,210 Hilgay 1 free man Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king William de Noyers 0.25 0.00 0.00 D Map
Norfolk 1,215 Wymondham 87 sokemen, of Wymondham Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king William de Noyers 0.25 0.00 0.00 D Map
Norfolk 1,240 Raveningham 3 free men Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king William de Noyers 0.25 0.00 0.00 C Map
Norfolk 2,1 Gayton Thorpe 1 sokeman Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Odo, bishop of Bayeux - 0.25 0.20 0.17 E Map
Norfolk 8,14 Carleton Rode Stigandus Almær 'of Carleton Rode' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William de Warenne - 0.25 0.25 0.25 C Map
Norfolk 9,49 Mundham Stigandus Ælfric 'of Mundham' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger Bigod Ulfkil 'of Framingham' 0.25 0.25 0.25 C Map
Norfolk 9,56 Claxton Stigandus Swetmann 'of Claxton' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger Bigod Robert de Vaux 0.25 0.48 0.48 C Map
Norfolk 9,64 Thurton Stigandus Almær 'of Alpington' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger Bigod Robert de Vaux 0.25 0.00 0.00 C Map
Norfolk 9,68 Alpington Almær 'of Alpington' Stigand Roger Bigod Robert de Vaux 0.25 1.50 1.50 - Map
Norfolk 9,169 Seething Stigandus 6 free men Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger Bigod 6 free men 0.25 0.15 0.30 C Map
Norfolk 9,191 Nayland Stigandus 1 free man Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger Bigod - 0.25 0.00 0.00 C Map
Norfolk 9,198 Keswick Stigandus 1 free man Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger Bigod Aitard de Vaux 0.25 0.13 0.21 C Map
Norfolk 9,200 Flordon Stigandus 2 free men Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger Bigod 2 free men 0.25 0.10 0.10 C Map
Norfolk 9,218 Hapton Stigandus 1 free man Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger Bigod - 0.25 0.00 0.00 C Map
Norfolk 9,229 Heckingham Stigandus 1 free man Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger Bigod Robert de Vaux 0.25 0.20 0.20 C Map
Norfolk 11,4 Tasburgh Stigandus Thorulf 'of Tasburgh' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Osbern fitzOsbern, bishop of Exeter - 0.25 0.50 0.75 C Map
Norfolk 11,5 Forncett Stigandus 1 free man Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Osbern fitzOsbern, bishop of Exeter - 0.25 0.50 0.75 C Map
Norfolk 19,39 Tasburgh Stigandus Almær 'of Tasburgh' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William d'Écouis Roger d'Évreux 0.25 0.80 0.75 C Map
Norfolk 20,12 Barford Stigandus 1 free man Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Ralph de Beaufour Richard de Saint-Clair 0.25 0.25 0.25 C Map
Norfolk 20,13 Crownthorpe Stigandus Coleman 'of Forncett' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Ralph de Beaufour Richard de Saint-Clair 0.25 1.50 1.50 C Map
Norfolk 20,34 Mulbarton Stigandus 1 free man Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Ralph de Beaufour Richard de Saint-Clair 0.25 1.00 1.00 C Map
Norfolk 30,4 Saxlingham Stigandus Wulfnoth 'of Saxlingham' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Drew de la Beuvrière - 0.25 0.57 0.57 C Map
Norfolk 31,16 Hales Stigandus Toki 'of Hales' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Ralph Baynard unnamed Frenchmen 0.25 0.85 1.50 C Map
Norfolk 35,13 Shelton Stigandus Ealdwine 'of Shelton' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Robert fitzCorbucion Nigel 'the man of Robert fitzCorbucion' 0.25 0.50 1.00 C Map
Norfolk 35,17 Haddiscoe Stigandus 1 sokeman Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Robert fitzCorbucion - 0.25 0.20 0.55 C Map
Norfolk 48,3 Stoke Holy Cross Stigandus 1 free man Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Tovi 'of Holkham' - 0.25 0.84 0.84 C Map
Norfolk 48,3 Stoke Holy Cross Stigandus Ketil Alder Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Tovi 'of Holkham' - 0.25 0.84 0.84 C Map
Suffolk 6,221 Aspall Stigandus Sigeric 'of Wortham' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Robert Malet - 0.25 0.50 0.75 C Map
Suffolk 7,4 Denham Stigandus 1 free man Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger Bigod Aitard de Vaux 0.25 0.20 0.20 C Map
Suffolk 16,35 Burstall Stigandus Godwine 'of Boynton' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Odo, bishop of Bayeux Roger Bigod 0.25 0.35 0.35 A Map
Suffolk 19,15 Flixton Stigandus Eskil 'of Flixton' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, bishop of Thetford - 0.25 0.40 0.53 A Map
Suffolk 19,16 South Elmham Stigandus 1 free man Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, bishop of Thetford - 0.25 0.40 0.53 C Map
Suffolk 19,17 Flixton Stigandus 1 free man Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, bishop of Thetford William de Noyers 0.25 0.50 0.50 C Map
Suffolk 53,5 Flixton Stigandus 2 free men Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Eudo fitzSpirewic - 0.25 0.30 0.53 C Map
Norfolk 1,212 Mileham 4 sokemen Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king William de Noyers 0.25 0.00 0.00 D Map
Suffolk 1,112 Shadingfield Stigandus 1 free man Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king - 0.25 0.50 0.50 C Map
Suffolk 1,117 Akenham Stigandus 1 free man Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king - 0.25 0.25 0.25 C Map
Suffolk 1,119 Bramford Stigandus Brun, reeve of Ipswich Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king - 0.25 0.25 0.25 - Map
Norfolk 48,4 Swainsthorpe Stigandus 3 free men Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Tovi 'of Holkham' - 0.26 0.29 0.29 C Map
Norfolk 1,239 Gillingham 1 free man Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king William de Noyers 0.27 0.00 0.00 C Map
Suffolk 1,108 Covehithe Stigandus 2 free men Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king 0.27 0.20 0.20 C Map
Suffolk 1,113 Weston Stigandus 2 free men and 1 half-free man Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king - 0.27 0.25 0.25 - Map
Norfolk 1,216 Thorpe St Andrew 3 sokemen Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king Godwine Haldein 0.27 0.10 0.10 C Map
Norfolk 1,212 Dunham 8 sokemen, of Dunham Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king William de Noyers 0.28 0.00 0.00 D Map
Norfolk 1,212 Mileham 7 sokemen Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king William de Noyers 0.28 0.00 0.00 D Map
Norfolk 1,81 Carleton Stigandus 9 free men or sokemen Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king Godric the steward 0.28 0.00 0.00 C Map
Buckinghamshire 33,1 Southcote Stigandus Wulfric 'of Southcote' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William fitzConstantine Sweting 'of Southcote' 0.30 0.30 0.30 A Map
Hertfordshire 5,19 Hazelhanger Stigandus Leofflæd 'of Knighton' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Odo, bishop of Bayeux Adam fitzHubert 0.33 0.50 0.10 A Map
Cambridgeshire 13,8 Orwell 1 sokeman, man of Archbishop Stigand Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger, earl - 0.33 0.63 0.25 A Map
Norfolk 1,239 Ellingham 5 sokemen Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king William de Noyers 0.33 0.00 0.00 C Map
Norfolk 9,46 Shimpling Stigandus Thorbert 'of Shimpling' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger Bigod Robert de Vaux 0.33 1.00 1.00 C Map
Norfolk 19,6 Middleton Stigandus 2 free men Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William d'Écouis - 0.33 0.41 0.41 C Map
Norfolk 20,24 Wroxham 13 sokemen Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Ralph de Beaufour - 0.33 0.00 0.00 E Map
Norfolk 31,39 Wellingham Stigandus 3 sokemen Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Ralph Baynard Ralph Estormi 0.33 0.20 0.17 C Map
Suffolk 38,16 Newton Stigandus Leofsunu 'of Newton' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger de Rames Ralph of Hastings 0.33 1.00 0.50 C Map
Suffolk 64,3 Horham Stigandus Ælfgar 'of Horham' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Judicael the priest - 0.33 0.37 0.37 C Map
Norfolk 1,212 Thetford 2 sokemen Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king William de Noyers 0.33 0.00 0.00 D Map
Norfolk 9,47 Gissing Stigandus 1 free man Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger Bigod 1 free man 0.35 0.25 0.50 C Map
Norfolk 9,31 Whitlingham 13 sokemen and 3 half-sokemen Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger Bigod Robert de Courson 0.36 0.21 0.32 E Map
Suffolk 6,76 Bedingfield Stigandus 3 free men Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Robert Malet - 0.37 0.25 0.25 C Map
Cambridgeshire 32,14 Comberton S 1 sokeman, man of Archbishop Stigand Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - - 0.38 0.75 0.00 A Map
Cambridgeshire 44,1 Comberton Stigandus 1 sokeman Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Erchenger the baker - 0.38 0.64 0.48 A Map
Bedfordshire 51,4 Old Warden Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Ralph de L'Isle - 0.38 0.00 0.00 B Map
Norfolk 1,215 Wymondham 2 sokemen, of Wymondham Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king Roger Bigod 0.38 0.38 0.38 D Map
Norfolk 6,6 Fundenhall Stigandus 1 free man Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Hugh, earl - 0.38 0.30 0.30 C Map
Norfolk 9,29 Kirby Bedon Stigandus 1 free man and 2 half-free men Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger Bigod Robert de Courson 0.38 0.25 0.25 C Map
Norfolk 1,239 Gillingham 1 free man and 1 half-free man Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king William de Noyers 0.41 0.00 0.00 C Map
Norfolk 5,5 Nayland Stigandus 11 free men Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Eustace, count - 0.42 0.50 0.50 C Map
Norfolk 9,26 Surlingham Stigandus 10 free men Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger Bigod Aitard de Vaux 0.42 0.25 0.43 C Map
Norfolk 19,31 Brant Stigandus Alwine 'of Brant' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William d'Écouis Odard 'of Banham' 0.42 0.50 0.50 C Map
Hampshire 2,5 Easton Ælfheah 'of Easton' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester Thurstan Rufus 0.43 0.00 0.00 D Map
Kent 3,22 Sturtune unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1086 0.50 0.50 0.50 C Map
Hampshire 2,16 Chingescamp Stigandus Wulfric, abbot of Ely Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester Richer de les Andelys 0.50 0.75 0.25 A Map
Hampshire 3,12 Alverstoke Sæwine 'of Hurstbourne Priors' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1086 0.50 1.25 1.25 C Map
Hampshire 3,23 Boarhunt unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1086 0.50 0.33 0.33 C Map
Hampshire IoW2,1 Calbourne unnamed head of Calbourne church Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester Mauger 'of Calbourne' 0.50 0.25 1.50 C Map
Hertfordshire 5,15 Orwell S' 3 men of Archbishop Stigand Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Odo, bishop of Bayeux Osbern 'of Buckland' 0.50 0.75 0.75 A Map
Hertfordshire 16,8 Hare Street Stigandus Alric 'of Hare Street' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Alan, count Roger 'of Hare Street' 0.50 0.65 0.50 A Map
Hertfordshire 37,10 Hinxworth Stig' 1 sokeman Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Hardwin de Scales Theobald 'of Barley' 0.50 0.75 0.50 A Map
Hertfordshire 43,1 Broxbourne Stig' 1 sokeman, reeve of Stigand Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Adelize de Grandmesnil - 0.50 0.64 0.36 A Map
Buckinghamshire 4,3 Hartwell S 1 sokeman, man of Archbishop Stigand Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Odo, bishop of Bayeux Helto the steward 0.50 0.42 0.42 A Map
Buckinghamshire 4,17 West Wycombe S 1 man of Archbishop Stigand Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Odo, bishop of Bayeux Roger 'the man of Odo, bishop of Bayeux' 0.50 0.50 0.35 A Map
Buckinghamshire 12,5 West Wycombe S 1 sokeman, man of Archbishop Stigand Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Robert, count of Mortain William fitzNigel 0.50 0.50 0.50 A Map
Cambridgeshire 26,23 Litlington Stigand Ælfgar, the man of Archbishop Stigand Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Hardwin de Scales Adelulf 'of Litlington' 0.50 1.60 0.60 A Map
Essex 2,3 Stisted unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1086 0.50 10.00 15.00 C Map
Norfolk 1,209 Hunstanton 4 sokemen, of Hunstanton Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king William de Noyers 0.50 0.00 0.00 D Map
Norfolk 1,220 Denton Stigandus 9 sokemen, of Denton Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king William de Noyers 0.50 0.00 0.00 A Map
Norfolk 1,222 Redenhall Stigandus 7 free men Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king William de Noyers 0.50 0.00 0.00 A Map
Norfolk 1,224 Rushall 10 sokemen Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king William de Noyers 0.50 0.00 0.00 A Map
Norfolk 1,240 Raveningham 1 free man Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king William de Noyers 0.50 1.00 1.00 C Map
Norfolk 2,4 Castle Rising 3 sokemen Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Odo, bishop of Bayeux - 0.50 0.00 0.00 E Map
Norfolk 2,4 Castle Rising 1 sokeman Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Odo, bishop of Bayeux - 0.50 0.00 0.00 E Map
Norfolk 2,6 Warham Stigandus 2 sokemen Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Odo, bishop of Bayeux - 0.50 0.13 0.13 C Map
Norfolk 2,7 Framingham Stigandus Godwine 'of Framingham' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Odo, bishop of Bayeux Roger Bigod 0.50 1.00 2.00 C Map
Norfolk 4,8 Mileham Stigandus 2 sokemen Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Alan, count unnamed son of Almær 0.50 0.50 0.50 C Map
Norfolk 6,5 Seething Stigandus 9 free men and 4 half-free men Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Hugh, earl - 0.50 1.00 2.00 C Map
Norfolk 9,32 Bixley Stigandus 13 sokemen Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger Bigod Ranulph fitzWalter 0.50 0.33 0.83 E Map
Norfolk 9,63 Pirnhow Stigandus Ælfgar 'of Winfarthing' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger Bigod Godwine 'of Pirnhow' 0.50 0.50 1.00 C Map
Norfolk 9,139 Raynham Stigandus 1 free man Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger Bigod Edwin 'of Raynham' 0.50 0.50 0.25 A Map
Norfolk 20,11 Morley Stigandus 14 free men Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Ralph de Beaufour Hugh 'the man of Ralph de Beaufour' 0.50 2.00 2.00 C Map
Norfolk 40,1 Tatterford Stigandus Wulfnoth 'of Tatterford' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Humphrey de Bohun - 0.50 0.67 0.67 B Map
Suffolk 6,225 Braiseworth Stigandus Wulfgifu 'of Thorndon' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Robert Malet - 0.50 0.75 0.75 C Map
Suffolk 7,51 Redisham Stigandus Godwine son of Toki Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger Bigod Robert de Courson 0.50 0.50 1.50 C Map
Suffolk 15,2 Hadleigh 1 free man Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1086 0.50 0.20 0.25 E Map
Suffolk 15,2 Hadleigh 1 sokeman Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1086 0.50 0.20 0.25 E Map
Suffolk 62,7 Rendles Stigangus 1 sokeman Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Isaac - 0.50 0.90 0.90 C Map
Norfolk 1,226 Brockdish 5 free men Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king William de Noyers 0.50 0.60 4.80 A Map
Hertfordshire 1,10 Great Offley Stigandus Alwine 'of Great Offley' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king Edward of Purton 0.50 0.33 0.17 A Map
Norfolk 1,77 Kipton Stigandus 9 sokemen Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king Godric the steward 0.50 0.27 0.47 B Map
Hertfordshire 23,1 Hainstone Stigand Leodmær 'of Bygrave' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Ralph de Limésy - 0.56 1.00 0.50 A Map
Norfolk 23,10 Islington Stigandus 5 sokemen Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Hugh de Montfort - 0.56 0.00 0.00 C Map
Norfolk 1,223 Starston Stigandus 15 sokemen, of Starston Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king William de Noyers 0.67 0.00 0.00 A Map
Norfolk 1,238 Haddiscoe 4 sokemen Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king William de Noyers 0.67 0.00 0.00 E Map
Hampshire 3,8 Badley Ælfric 'of Badley' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1086 0.75 0.00 0.00 C Map
Hertfordshire 7,2 Bygrave Stigandus 2 sokemen Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Robert, bishop of Chester - 0.75 1.80 1.50 A Map
Buckinghamshire 12,20 Ivinghoe Aston S Godwine the priest 'of Ivinghoe' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Robert, count of Mortain Ralph 'the man of Robert, count of Mortain (in the East Midlands)' 0.75 0.50 0.25 A Map
Cambridgeshire 13,9 Wratworth 1 sokeman, man of Archbishop Stigand Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger, earl - 0.75 1.04 0.69 A Map
Cambridgeshire 32,10 East Hatley S 3 sokemen, men of Archbishop Stigand Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Picot of Cambridge - 0.75 1.13 0.75 A Map
Cambridgeshire 32,21 Kingston Stigandus 1 sokeman Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Picot of Cambridge Ralph de Bans 0.75 1.60 0.80 A Map
Essex 2,1 Coggeshall unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1086 0.75 3.00 3.00 C Map
Suffolk 7,75 Brome Stigandus 25 free men and 3 half-free men Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger Bigod William Scudet 0.80 1.50 1.00 C Map
Hertfordshire 5,21 Hodenhoe Stigandus 3 sokemen Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Odo, bishop of Bayeux Osbern 'of Buckland' 0.84 2.25 1.50 A Map
Hertfordshire 4,6 Little Hadham Stigandus 1 sokeman Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Maurice, bishop of London William 'the man of Maurice, bishop of London' 0.88 1.75 1.75 A Map
Cambridgeshire 26,26 Whaddon Stigandus Thorbert the priest, the man of Archbishop Stigand Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Hardwin de Scales - 0.88 2.38 2.38 A Map
Norfolk 8,8 Coltishall Stigand 16 sokemen Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William de Warenne - 0.92 1.50 2.00 C Map
Suffolk 1,111 Bungay Stigandus 15 free men Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king - 0.92 0.80 1.15 C Map
Kent 2,16 Westgate Alric Bigga Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury Hamon the sheriff 1.00 3.52 5.00 C Map
Kent 2,33 Boughton Malherbe Ratel 'of Boughton Malherbe' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury Ralph fitzTurold 1.00 2.00 2.00 C Map
Kent 2,37 Sheppey Osweard of Norton Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury Godfrey the steward 1.00 1.50 4.00 C Map
Kent 2,39 Finglesham Leofnoth 'of Sutton' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury William Follet 1.00 1.00 0.75 C Map
Kent 2,42 Berwick Godric the deacon Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury William of Adisham 1.00 3.00 11.00 C Map
Kent 3,1 Orpington unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1086 1.00 2.50 4.17 C Map
Kent 3,3 Hollingbourne unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1086 1.00 1.67 2.50 C Map
Kent 3,5 East Farleigh unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1086 1.00 1.33 9.00 C Map
Kent 3,15 Little Chart unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1086 1.00 0.83 2.00 C Map
Hampshire 2,15 Fareham Godwine of Worthy Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester William nephew of Bishop Walkelin 1.00 0.35 0.35 B Map
Hampshire 3,1 Chilcomb unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1086 1.00 62.69 80.00 C Map
Hampshire 3,5 Whitchurch unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1086 1.00 1.00 1.00 C Map
Hampshire 3,6 Hurstbourne Priors unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1086 1.00 2.50 2.50 C Map
Hampshire 3,7 Highclere unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1086 1.00 2.00 2.00 C Map
Hampshire 3,16 South Stoneham and Southampton unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1086 1.00 2.00 2.00 C Map
Hampshire 29,9 Swampton Cypping 'of Worthy' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Ralph de Mortimer - 1.00 1.25 1.25 B Map
Wiltshire 2,9 Wanborough unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester Richer de les Andelys 1.00 0.79 0.95 C Map
Wiltshire 2,10 Enford Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester 1 priest 1.00 1.13 1.73 C Map
Somerset 2,11 Bleadon unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester Sæwulf 'of Bleadon' 1.00 0.50 1.00 C Map
Somerset 19,40 Hele Ealdred 'of Kingston Seymour' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Robert, count of Mortain Alfred the butler 1.00 2.00 4.00 A Map
Hertfordshire 4,4 Widford Stigandus Alweard 'of Meesden' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Maurice, bishop of London Theodbert 'of Widford' 1.00 3.00 2.00 A Map
Hertfordshire 4,17 Meesden Stigandus Alweard 'of Meesden' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Maurice, bishop of London Payn the steward 1.00 6.00 1.00 A Map
Hertfordshire 5,16 Reed S' Eadgifu the girl Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Odo, bishop of Bayeux Osbern 'of Buckland' 1.00 3.00 2.00 A Map
Hertfordshire 5,26 Thundridge Stigandus Alnoth Grut Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Odo, bishop of Bayeux Hugh de Grandmesnil 1.00 5.00 1.50 A Map
Buckinghamshire 4,15 Taplow S 1 man of Archbishop Stigand Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Odo, bishop of Bayeux Roger 'the man of Odo, bishop of Bayeux' 1.00 0.00 0.00 A Map
Cambridgeshire 26,21 Croydon S Alflæd 8 'of Croydon' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - - 1.00 1.00 0.00 A Map
Essex 2,9 Little Stambridge unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1086 1.00 1.50 2.00 C Map
Norfolk 1,217 Somerton Stigandus 1 free man Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king William de Noyers 1.00 0.50 0.50 A Map
Norfolk 1,217 Somerton Stigandus 19 sokemen, of Somerton Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king William de Noyers 1.00 0.50 0.50 B Map
Norfolk 1,219 Earsham Stigandus 11 sokemen, of Earsham Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king William de Noyers 1.00 0.00 0.00 C Map
Norfolk 1,230 Seething Stigandus 1 free man Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king William de Noyers 1.00 1.67 3.75 A Map
Norfolk 1,232 Stanninghall 1 free man Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king William de Noyers 1.00 0.00 0.00 C Map
Norfolk 1,233 Catton 13 sokemen Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king William de Noyers 1.00 0.00 0.00 C Map
Norfolk 1,237 Tacolneston 8 free men, of Tacolneston Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king William de Noyers 1.00 0.00 0.00 C Map
Norfolk 1,239 Ierpstuna 21 sokemen Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king William de Noyers 1.00 0.00 0.00 C Map
Norfolk 2,2 Grimston 14 sokemen Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Odo, bishop of Bayeux - 1.00 0.00 0.00 E Map
Norfolk 2,4 Roydon 1 sokeman Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Odo, bishop of Bayeux - 1.00 0.00 0.00 E Map
Norfolk 2,5 Docking Stigandus 1 free man Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Odo, bishop of Bayeux - 1.00 0.00 0.00 C Map
Norfolk 2,12 Cringleford Stigandus Alfred the priest Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Odo, bishop of Bayeux Roger Bigod 1.00 1.00 2.00 C Map
Norfolk 6,7 Kirby Cane Stigandus Osmund 'Kirby Cane' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Hugh, earl Warin fitzBurnin 1.00 0.75 0.75 C Map
Norfolk 8,38 Methwold Stigandus 4 free men Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William de Warenne Walter de Grandcourt 1.00 1.00 1.00 C Map
Norfolk 8,38 Methwold Stigandus 4 free men Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William de Warenne Sigmund 1.00 1.00 1.00 C Map
Norfolk 8,65 Kempston Stigandus 4 sokemen Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William de Warenne - 1.00 1.00 1.00 C Map
Norfolk 8,120 Sidestrand Stigandus 1 free man Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William de Warenne - 1.00 1.00 3.00 A Map
Norfolk 9,8 Ringstead Stigandus Alstan 'of Ringstead' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger Bigod Ralph de Tourleville 1.00 0.25 0.25 C Map
Norfolk 9,32 Bixley Stigandus Genred 'of Bixley' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger Bigod Ranulph fitzWalter 1.00 0.67 1.67 C Map
Norfolk 9,98 Forncett Stigandus Coleman 'of Forncett' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger Bigod - 1.00 3.00 6.00 C Map
Norfolk 9,103 Haddiscoe Stigandus 9 free men Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger Bigod - 1.00 0.75 0.75 C Map
Norfolk 9,168 Bedingham Stigandus Offa 'of Bedingham' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger Bigod Offa 1.00 0.50 1.50 C Map
Norfolk 9,169 Seething Stigandus 1 free man Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger Bigod - 1.00 0.60 1.20 C Map
Norfolk 9,199 Colney Stigandus 1 free man Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger Bigod Warenger 'of Hedingham' 1.00 0.83 1.25 C Map
Norfolk 10,5 North Elmham Stigandus 24 sokemen Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, bishop of Thetford - 1.00 0.00 0.00 B Map
Norfolk 10,51 Hunstanton Stigandus 1 free man Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, bishop of Thetford - 1.00 0.50 0.50 B Map
Norfolk 20,36 Aldeby Stigandus 4 free men Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Ralph de Beaufour - 1.00 0.60 2.36 C Map
Norfolk 26,2 Hainford Stigandus Ketil Alder Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger the Poitevin - 1.00 5.00 7.00 C Map
Norfolk 26,3 Spixworth Stigandus 6 free men Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger the Poitevin 6 free men 1.00 4.00 4.00 C Map
Norfolk 35,3 Stoke Holy Cross Stigandus 3 free men Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Robert fitzCorbucion Giffard 'of Thornington' 1.00 1.50 1.50 C Map
Norfolk 35,7 Ingloss Stigandus Wulfric 'of Ingloss' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Robert fitzCorbucion Humphrey 'the man of Robert fitzCorbucion' 1.00 1.00 1.00 C Map
Norfolk 35,9 Mundham Stigandus Ealdgar 'of Mundham' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Robert fitzCorbucion Ansger 'of Mundham' 1.00 0.50 0.50 C Map
Norfolk 40,1 Tatterford Stigandus Wulfnoth 'of Tatterford' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Humphrey de Bohun - 1.00 1.33 1.33 A Map
Suffolk 3,79 Hintlesham Stigandu Siward 'of Hintlesham' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Alan, count Ralph 'of Hintlesham' 1.00 2.00 2.00 C Map
Suffolk 19,21 Flixton Stigandus unnamed head of Flixton church Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, bishop of Thetford - 1.00 1.00 1.00 C Map
Suffolk 32,16 Shadingfield Stigandus 1 free man Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Geoffrey de Mandeville - 1.00 1.00 1.00 A Map
Norfolk 1,2 Stanhoe Stigandus Ælfric 'of Denton' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king - 1.00 0.80 0.80 - Map
Norfolk 1,212 Mileham 1 sokeman Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king William de Noyers 1.00 0.00 0.00 D Map
Suffolk 1,110 Bungay Stangandus Alwine 'of Bungay' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king - 1.00 1.00 1.00 C Map
Suffolk 1,110 Bungay Stangandus Wulfmær 'of Kirby Cane' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king - 1.00 0.99 0.64 C Map
Norfolk 1,77 Horningtoft Stigandus 9 sokemen Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king Godric the steward 1.00 0.53 0.93 B Map
Norfolk 1,79 Weasenham Stigandus 4 free men Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king Godric the steward 1.00 0.00 0.00 B Map
Norfolk 1,105 Howe Stigandus Alnoth 'of Howe' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king Godric the steward 1.00 2.00 3.00 A Map
Norfolk 1,123 Newton Stigandus 1 free woman Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king Godric the steward 1.00 1.00 1.50 B Map
Norfolk 1,212 Mileham 3 sokemen Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king William de Noyers 1.01 0.00 0.00 D Map
Hertfordshire 37,5 Broadfield Stig' 2 brothers Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Hardwin de Scales Theobald 'of Barley' 1.06 2.00 1.00 A Map
Hertfordshire 41,2 Broadfield Stigandus Osgot, the man of Archbishop Stigand Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Sigar de Chocques - 1.19 3.00 1.50 A Map
Hampshire 2,5 Easton Alwine 'of Easton' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester Alwine 'of Easton' 1.25 1.25 1.25 D Map
Hertfordshire 23,2 Caldecot Stigand Leodmær 'of Bygrave' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Ralph de Limésy - 1.25 5.00 2.00 A Map
Hertfordshire 34,14 Brickendon Stig' Leofrun 'of Brickendon' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Geoffrey de Bec Isembard 'of Brickendon' 1.25 2.00 0.50 A Map
Hertfordshire 37,16 Throcking Stig' 2 sokemen Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Hardwin de Scales Theobald 'of Barley' 1.25 1.25 1.25 A Map
Buckinghamshire 12,21 Cheddington S 3 men of Archbishop Stigand Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Robert, count of Mortain Ralph 'the man of Robert, count of Mortain (in the East Midlands)' 1.25 0.50 0.50 A Map
Norfolk 9,31 Whitlingham Stigandus Wulfflæd 'of Whitlington' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger Bigod Robert de Courson 1.33 0.79 1.18 B Map
Suffolk 6,213 Stoke Ash Stigandus Wulfgifu 'of Thorndon' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Robert Malet - 1.33 5.00 5.00 C Map
Somerset 2,7 Taunton Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester Alweard 'of Taunton' 1.38 0.25 1.00 C Map
Hertfordshire 37,6 Orwell Stig' 2 sokemen Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Hardwin de Scales Wihtgar 'of Orwell' 1.46 1.25 1.40 A Map
Kent 2,30 Orpington 1 free man Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury Mauger the man of Bishop Odo 1.50 2.00 2.50 C Map
Kent 3,22 Orgarswick unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1086 1.50 2.15 2.15 C Map
Sussex 2,2 Wootton unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Robert, count of Mortain - 1.50 0.00 0.00 C Map
Sussex 10,99 Burleigh Ælfhere 'of Ewhurst' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Robert, count of Mortain William de Cahagnes 1.50 1.00 0.50 C Map
Hampshire 2,1 Beauworth 1 Englishman Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester 1 Englishman 1.50 1.18 0.00 B Map
Berkshire 46,4 Burghfield Æthelsige, abbot of St Augustine's, Canterbury Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Ralph de Mortimer 1 knight 1.50 2.00 2.50 C Map
Somerset 2,7 Taunton Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester Ælfric brother of Eadmær 1.50 0.50 1.50 C Map
Somerset 2,7 Taunton Eadmær brother of Ælfric Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester Eadmær brother of Ælfric 1.50 0.50 1.50 C Map
Hertfordshire 5,13 Luffenhall S' 2 sokemen Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Odo, bishop of Bayeux Osbern 'of Buckland' 1.50 1.80 1.20 A Map
Hertfordshire 5,18 Barley Stigandus Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Odo, bishop of Bayeux Adam fitzHubert 1.50 2.00 1.00 A Map
Hertfordshire 38,2 Hormead Stigandus Alnoth Grut Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Edgar Ætheling Godwine 'of Hormead' 1.50 2.67 1.78 A Map
Buckinghamshire 17,3 Ellesborough Stigandus Baldwin fitzHerluin Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William fitzAnsculf Odbert 'of Hampden' 1.50 1.00 0.25 A Map
Cambridgeshire 32,8 Guilden Morden Stigandus Osgot 'of Guilden Mordern' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Picot of Cambridge - 1.50 4.29 2.79 A Map
Norfolk 1,215 Wymondham 1 sokeman Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king Alan, count 1.50 1.50 1.50 D Map
Norfolk 1,228 Ditchingham Stigandus 22 sokemen, of Ditchingham Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king William de Noyers 1.50 0.00 0.00 A Map
Norfolk 1,238 Toft Monks 5 sokemen, of Toft Monks Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king William de Noyers 1.50 0.00 0.00 C Map
Norfolk 4,14 Toketorp Stigandus Toki 'of Toketorp' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Alan, count Ribald 1.50 1.00 1.50 C Map
Norfolk 17,18 Saxlingham Stigandus Eadric the steersman Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Ælfweald, abbot of St Benet of Hulme John nephew of Waleran 1.50 2.00 1.50 C Map
Norfolk 21,37 Norwich Stigandus Ewicman 'of Norwich' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Reynold fitzIvo - 1.50 1.50 1.50 C Map
Norfolk 32,2 Walsingham Stigandus Ketil Alder Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Ranulph Peverel Warin 'of Great Melton' 1.50 2.00 4.50 C Map
Norfolk 35,4 Rushall Stigandus Beorhtric 'of Rushall' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Robert fitzCorbucion Gunfrid 'of Saxlingham' 1.50 1.00 0.50 C Map
Norfolk 35,6 Loddon Stigandus Ælfric 'of Loddon' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Robert fitzCorbucion Humphrey 'the man of Robert fitzCorbucion' 1.50 1.00 1.50 C Map
Norfolk 50,4 Ingoldis Thorpe Stigandus Thorkil 'of Ingoldis Thorpe' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger fitzReynard - 1.50 1.00 1.50 C Map
Norfolk 1,78 Rougham Stigandus 14 sokemen Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king Godric the steward 1.50 1.00 1.50 B Map
Norfolk 1,78 Rougham Stigandus Alwine 'of Rougham' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king Godric the steward 1.50 1.00 1.50 B Map
Norfolk 1,142 Kilverstone Stigandus 1 free man Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king Godric the steward 1.50 2.00 2.00 B Map
Norfolk 20,1 Bircham Newton Stigandus 11 free men Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Ralph de Beaufour - 1.60 0.00 0.00 - Map
Northamptonshire 18,32 West Farndon Stigand Ordric 'of West Farndon' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Robert, count of Mortain Ralph 'the man of Robert, count of Mortain (in the East Midlands)' 1.63 0.25 1.00 A Map
Norfolk 1,62 Norwich Stigandus Ewicman 'of Norwich' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king Reynold fitzIvo 1.69 1.50 1.50 B Map
Hampshire 3,6 Hurstbourne Priors Sæwine 'of Hurstbourne Priors' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1086 1.75 6.00 2.00 C Map
Cambridgeshire 31,7 Eversden Stigandus 2 sokemen, men of Archbishop Stigand Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - - 1.75 4.61 0.00 A Map
Bedfordshire 16,5 Rushden Stigandus 4 sokemen Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walter Giffard Ralph de Lanquetot 1.75 1.67 1.67 A Map
Norfolk 20,24 Wroxham 7 free men Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Ralph de Beaufour - 1.75 1.90 1.90 E Map
Norfolk 26,4 Coltishall Stigandus 4 sokemen Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger the Poitevin - 1.75 0.00 0.00 C Map
Hertfordshire 5,10 Libury Stigandus 3 men of Archbishop Stigand Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Odo, bishop of Bayeux - 1.83 1.57 1.57 A Map
Suffolk 6,222 Rishangles Stigandus Wulfgifu 'of Thorndon' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Robert Malet - 1.83 2.50 3.00 C Map
Wiltshire 2,11 East Overton Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester Durand the man of Bishop Walkelin 1.88 1.00 1.00 C Map
Somerset 2,7 Taunton Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester Godwine 'of Taunton' 1.88 1.00 2.00 C Map
Kent 3,5 Loose unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1086 2.00 2.67 6.00 C Map
Kent 3,8 Ruckinge unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1086 2.00 5.50 7.00 C Map
Kent 3,9 Northgate unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1086 2.00 17.00 17.00 C Map
Kent 3,11 South Preston unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1086 2.00 10.00 15.00 C Map
Kent 3,18 Barham unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1086 2.00 2.35 4.00 C Map
Kent 3,19 Warehorne unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1086 2.00 1.00 3.00 C Map
Kent 3,21 Brook unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1086 2.00 2.50 4.00 C Map
Hampshire 2,1 Old Alresford Osbern fitzOsbern Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester Walter 'the man of Walkelin, bishop of Winchester' 2.00 1.57 2.00 B Map
Hampshire 2,10 Overton Æthelnoth Cild Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester Robert brother of Gilbert the clerk 2.00 2.22 1.67 B Map
Hampshire 2,10 Overton Wulfstan 'of Overton' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester Gilbert brother of Robert the clerk 2.00 2.22 1.67 B Map
Hampshire 3,6 Hurstbourne Priors Æthelnoth Cild Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1086 2.00 3.00 3.00 C Map
Hampshire 3,9 St Clair's Agemund 'of Wellow' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester Hugh de Port 2.00 3.00 3.00 A Map
Hampshire 3,11 Exton Leofing 'of Exton' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1086 2.00 2.00 2.00 C Map
Hampshire 3,19 Fawley unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1086 2.00 3.00 0.75 C Map
Hampshire IoW2,1 Calbourne unnamed alodiaries Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester Herpul 'of Calbourne' 2.00 1.00 1.22 C Map
Wiltshire 2,10 Enford Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester Harold 'of Enford' 2.00 2.27 3.45 C Map
Wiltshire 2,12 Stockton Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester Richer de les Andelys 2.00 1.60 1.78 C Map
Somerset 2,7 Taunton Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester Leofgifu 'of Taunton' 2.00 1.00 2.00 C Map
Hertfordshire 2,3 Shephall Stigandus Ælfric the black Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury Ansketil de Rots 2.00 4.00 3.00 A Map
Hertfordshire 23,3 Pirton Stigand 2 sokemen Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Ralph de Limésy 2 sokemen 2.00 5.00 4.00 A Map
Essex 2,5 Latchingdon unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1086 2.00 1.00 1.25 C Map
Essex 2,7 Milton unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1086 2.00 5.00 8.00 C Map
Norfolk 1,215 Wymondham 10 sokemen, of Wymondham Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king Ralph de Beaufour 2.00 0.00 0.00 D Map
Norfolk 2,4 Snettisham 6 sokemen Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Odo, bishop of Bayeux - 2.00 0.00 0.00 E Map
Norfolk 2,4 Roydon 8 sokemen Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Odo, bishop of Bayeux - 2.00 0.00 0.00 E Map
Norfolk 6,4 Hedenham Stigandus Ælfgar 'of Winfarthing' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Hugh, earl - 2.00 0.00 0.00 C Map
Norfolk 6,6 Fundenhall Stigandus Ælfric 'of Fundenhall' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Hugh, earl Ælfric 'of Fundenhall' 2.00 3.00 0.00 C Map
Norfolk 8,48 Snettisham Stigandus 7 sokemen Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William de Warenne - 2.00 1.38 2.31 C Map
Norfolk 8,64 Weasenham Stigandus 12 sokemen Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William de Warenne Wigmær 'of Withersfield' 2.00 2.00 3.00 C Map
Norfolk 8,70 Stanfield Stigandus 33 free men Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William de Warenne - 2.00 2.00 3.00 C Map
Norfolk 8,122 Thorpe Market Stigandus 1 free man Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William de Warenne Ralph de Quesnay 2.00 2.00 8.00 C Map
Norfolk 9,6 Flitcham Stigandus Ælfgar 'of Winfarthing' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger Bigod Ranulph fitzWalter 2.00 2.00 0.05 A Map
Norfolk 9,7 Appleton Stigandus Abba 'of Appleton' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger Bigod Abba 2.00 2.00 2.50 C Map
Norfolk 9,24 Shotesham Stigandus 1 free man Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger Bigod Ranulph fitzWalter 2.00 2.00 4.00 C Map
Norfolk 9,99 Tharston Stigandus Wulfric 'of Tharston' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger Bigod Robert de Vaux 2.00 5.30 5.30 C Map
Norfolk 20,9 East Dereham Stigandus Harold 'of East Dereham' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Ralph de Beaufour Odard 'of Drayton' 2.00 1.00 2.00 C Map
Norfolk 20,35 Markshall Stigandus Godwine 'of Swanton Morley' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Ralph de Beaufour - 2.00 8.00 11.00 C Map
Norfolk 20,36 Thurketeliart Stigandus 1 free man Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Ralph de Beaufour - 2.00 4.00 4.00 C Map
Norfolk 20,36 Aldeby Stigandus 1 free man Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Ralph de Beaufour - 2.00 2.00 2.00 C Map
Norfolk 21,19 Sutton near Mileham Stigandus Olof 'of Sutton near Mileham' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Reynold fitzIvo Boteric 'of Sutton near Mileham' 2.00 2.00 4.00 D Map
Norfolk 29,6 Denton Stigandus Ælfric 'of Denton' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Eudo fitzSpirewic - 2.00 3.00 4.00 C Map
Norfolk 31,5 East Ruston Stigandus 1 free man Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Ralph Baynard - 2.00 2.00 2.00 C Map
Suffolk 7,60 Offton Stigandus Leofcild 'of Offton' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger Bigod Hugh de Houdain 2.00 3.00 3.00 C Map
Suffolk 7,75 Brome Stigandus Gode of Brome Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger Bigod - 2.00 1.50 3.05 C Map
Suffolk 8,44 Risby Stigandus Wulfmær 'of Stonham' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger the Poitevin - 2.00 3.00 1.00 C Map
Suffolk 8,47 Preston Stigandus Wulfweard 'of Preston' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger the Poitevin - 2.00 4.00 3.00 C Map
Suffolk 15,3 Toppesfield Leofgifu 'of Toppesfield' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1086 2.00 2.00 3.00 B Map
Suffolk 15,5 Eleigh unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1086 2.00 15.00 20.00 C Map
Suffolk 19,1 Syleham Stigandus 1 free man Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, bishop of Thetford - 2.00 3.00 3.00 C Map
Suffolk 40,6 Thornington Stigandus Alwine 'of Thornington' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Robert fitzCorbucion Giffard 'of Thornington' 2.00 2.50 2.50 C Map
Suffolk 53,5 Flixton Stigandus Offa 'of Bedingham' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Eudo fitzSpirewic Geoffrey 'the man of Eudo fitzSpirewic' 2.00 2.00 3.00 C Map
Norfolk 1,216 Thorpe St Andrew 26 sokemen Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king William de Noyers 2.00 0.00 0.00 B Map
Norfolk 1,239 Gillingham 9 free men Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king William de Noyers 2.44 0.00 0.00 C Map
Wiltshire 2,12 Stockton Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester Ansketil 'the man of Walkelin, bishop of Winchester' 2.50 2.00 2.22 C Map
Middlesex 18,1 Charlton Stigandus 1 brother Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger de Raismes - 2.50 2.50 0.75 A Map
Hertfordshire 4,11 Albury S' Siward 'of Albury' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Maurice, bishop of London Ralph 'the man of Maurice, bishop of London' 2.50 8.00 7.00 A Map
Norfolk 1,239 Stockton 10 sokemen Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king William de Noyers 2.50 0.00 0.00 C Map
Hampshire NF2,2 Througham unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king - 2.50 3.00 0.00 C Map
Hertfordshire 5,14 Clothall S' 3 sokemen Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Odo, bishop of Bayeux Osbern 'of Buckland' 2.75 3.49 2.44 A Map
Norfolk 1,231 Horstead 18 sokemen Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king Roger de Poitou 3.00 0.00 0.00 A Map
Kent 2,25 Stowting Ælfhere ‘Isenthegn’ Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury Robert, count of Eu 3.00 8.00 10.00 C Map
Kent 2,31 Brasted Æthelnoth Cild Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury Hamon the sheriff 3.00 10.00 17.00 C Map
Kent 5,38 Sandlings Bondi the staller Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Odo, bishop of Bayeux Hugh nephew of Herbert 3.00 8.00 8.00 C Map
Hampshire 2,5 Easton Beorhtric 'of Newton Valence' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester Geoffrey 'the man of Bishop Walkelin' 3.00 3.00 3.00 B Map
Hampshire 2,8 Crawley Alwine Stilla Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester Hugh de Port 3.00 16.15 7.00 B Map
Hampshire 3,8 Farnborough Alwine 'of Farnborough' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1086 3.00 3.00 3.00 B Map
Hampshire 3,13 Martyr Worthy unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1086 3.00 8.00 8.00 C Map
Wiltshire 2,4 Alton Priors unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester William Escuet 3.00 5.00 5.00 C Map
Wiltshire 2,6 Westwood unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1086 3.00 6.00 4.00 C Map
Wiltshire 2,10 Enford Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester 1 Englishman 3.00 3.40 5.18 C Map
Buckinghamshire 17,4 Hampden Stigandus Baldwin fitzHerluin Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William fitzAnsculf Odbert 'of Hampden' 3.00 5.00 4.00 A Map
Oxfordshire 29,16 Thrupp Stigandus Leofwig 'of Thrupp' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Roger d'Ivry unnamed son of Wadard 3.00 6.00 6.00 A Map
Essex 2,6 St Lawrence unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1086 3.00 1.00 2.00 C Map
Norfolk 1,239 Stockton 30 sokemen Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king William de Noyers 3.00 0.00 0.00 C Map
Norfolk 5,6 Ashwell Thorpe Stigandus 1 thegn Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Eustace, count - 3.00 5.00 6.00 C Map
Norfolk 8,38 Methwold Stigandus 4 free men Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William de Warenne 3.00 1.00 2.25 C Map
Suffolk 42,1 Eleigh Stigandus Wulfweard 'of Eleigh' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Tihel de Helléan - 3.00 2.00 4.00 C Map
Hampshire NF2,3 Sclive unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king - 3.00 10.00 0.00 C Map
Suffolk 6,223 Thorndon Stigandus Wulfgifu 'of Thorndon' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Robert Malet - 3.33 5.00 8.00 C Map
Hampshire 2,1 Old Alresford Wulfric Cepe Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester Robert brother of Gilbert the clerk 3.50 2.75 4.00 B Map
Hampshire 3,8 Long Sutton Iusten 'of Sutton' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1086 3.50 3.50 3.50 C Map
Hampshire 3,8 Long Sutton Leofsige 'of Long Sutton' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1086 3.50 3.50 3.50 C Map
Hampshire IoW2,1 Calbourne unnamed alodiaries Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester Alsige 'of Calbourne' 3.50 1.75 2.13 C Map
Berkshire 2,1 Woolstone unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester Roger d'Ivry 3.50 2.80 3.00 C Map
Wiltshire 2,1 Downton Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester Ansgot 'of Downton' 3.50 2.93 2.93 C Map
Hampshire 41,1 Chilbolton Ordweald 'of Chilbolton' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Richard Estormi - 3.75 4.00 4.00 B Map
Kent 3,18 Eythorne unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1086 4.00 4.71 7.00 C Map
Kent 3,20 Appledore unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1086 4.00 6.00 16.88 C Map
Sussex 2,10 West Tarring unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury William de Briouze 4.00 3.50 3.50 C Map
Hampshire 2,1 Soberton and Beauworth Edward 'of Soberton' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester Durand the man of Bishop Walkelin 4.00 3.14 4.40 B Map
Hampshire 2,15 Fareham Herk 'of Fareham' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester Geoffrey 'the man of Bishop Walkelin' 4.00 2.24 2.24 B Map
Hampshire 3,8 Itchel and Cove Leofwine 'of Chilton Candover' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1086 4.00 3.00 4.00 C Map
Hampshire 3,8 Itchel and Cove Wulfweard 'of Crofton' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1086 4.00 3.00 4.00 C Map
Hampshire 3,15 Bransbury Æthelsige, abbot of St Augustine's, Canterbury Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1086 4.00 5.00 6.00 B Map
Hampshire 29,1 Otterbourne Cypping 'of Worthy' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Ralph de Mortimer - 4.00 8.00 5.00 C Map
Wiltshire 2,1 Downton Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester William, king 4.00 0.00 0.00 C Map
Wiltshire 2,1 Downton 1 priest Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester 1 priest of Downton 4.00 3.00 3.00 C Map
Hertfordshire 5,17 Radwell Stigandus Alnoth Grut Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Odo, bishop of Bayeux Adam fitzHubert 4.00 10.00 5.00 A Map
Cambridgeshire 32,23 Bourn Stigandus 3 sokemen Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Picot of Cambridge - 4.00 6.77 4.00 A Map
Essex 2,8 Southchurch unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1086 4.00 5.00 7.00 C Map
Norfolk 2,5 Stanhoe Stigandus 12 free men Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Odo, bishop of Bayeux - 4.00 0.00 0.00 C Map
Norfolk 2,5 Bircham Tofts Stigandus 1 free man Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Odo, bishop of Bayeux - 4.00 0.00 0.00 C Map
Norfolk 12,42 Heckingham Stigandus Haghni 'of Bedingham' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Godric the steward - 4.00 1.00 3.00 C Map
Norfolk 19,9 Great Bircham Stigandus Thor 'of Great Bircham' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William d'Écouis - 4.00 2.00 4.00 C Map
Hampshire 3,3 Chilbolton 1 reeve Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1086 4.25 5.10 6.38 C Map
Hertfordshire 7,2 Bygrave Stigandus Leodmær 'of Bygrave' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Robert, bishop of Chester - 4.25 10.20 8.50 A Map
Kent 3,2 East Peckham unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1086 4.50 4.50 4.00 C Map
Sussex 2,2 Wootton unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1086 4.50 4.00 4.00 C Map
Essex 2,2 Bocking unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1086 4.50 24.00 28.00 C Map
Kent 2,32 Ulcombe Ælfhere ‘Isenthegn’ Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury Robert, count of Eu 5.00 10.00 9.00 C Map
Kent 3,1 Orpington unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1086 5.00 12.50 20.83 C Map
Kent 3,15 Little Chart unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1086 5.00 4.17 6.42 C Map
Surrey 2,4 Walworth unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury Ralph Baynard 5.00 1.50 3.00 C Map
Hampshire 2,2 Kilmeston Godwine of Worthy Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester - 5.00 5.00 5.00 B Map
Hampshire 2,7 Kilmeston unnamed wife of Ealdred Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester Ealdred brother of Oda 5.00 5.00 5.00 B Map
Hampshire 2,10 Bradley Alric 'of Dummer' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester Geoffrey 'the man of Bishop Walkelin' 5.00 5.56 4.17 B Map
Hampshire 2,19 Chilton Candover Godwine of Worthy Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester Richer de les Andelys 5.00 4.00 3.50 B Map
Hampshire 2,19 Chilton Candover Leofwine 'of Chilton Candover' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester Richer de les Andelys 5.00 4.00 3.50 B Map
Hampshire 3,2 Nursling unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1086 5.00 8.00 10.00 C Map
Hampshire 3,4 Avington unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1086 5.00 6.00 10.00 C Map
Hampshire 3,6 Hurstbourne Priors 3 thegns Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1086 5.00 8.00 6.00 C Map
Hampshire 3,10 Polhampton unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1086 5.00 8.00 7.50 C Map
Hampshire 3,16 South Stoneham and Southampton unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1086 5.00 7.00 8.00 C Map
Hampshire 3,17 Millbrook unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1086 5.00 5.00 5.00 C Map
Hampshire 3,18 Hinton Ampner unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1086 5.00 8.00 8.00 C Map
Hampshire 3,22 Hoddington unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1086 5.00 4.00 4.00 C Map
Hampshire 3,25 Hayling unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1086 5.00 5.00 4.50 C Map
Wiltshire 2,1 Downton Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester Waleran the huntsman 5.00 4.18 4.18 C Map
Wiltshire 2,1 Downton Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester Ralph 'the man of Walkelin, bishop of Winchester' 5.00 4.18 4.18 C Map
Wiltshire 2,3 Fyfield Alsige the monk Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester Edward of Salisbury 5.00 5.00 5.00 C Map
Wiltshire 2,10 Enford Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester William 'the man of Walkelin, bishop of Winchester' 5.00 5.67 8.64 C Map
Hertfordshire 5,14 Clothall S' Alnoth Grut Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Odo, bishop of Bayeux Osbern 'of Buckland' 5.00 6.35 4.44 A Map
Hertfordshire 41,1 Rushden Stigandus 2 sokemen Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Sigar de Chocques - 5.00 0.50 5.50 A Map
Norfolk 1,215 Wymondham 55 sokemen, of Wymondham Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury William, king William de Warenne 5.00 10.00 10.00 D Map
Suffolk 15,2 Hadleigh unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1086 5.00 12.00 15.00 C Map
Wiltshire 2,12 Stockton unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1086 5.50 4.40 5.50 C Map
Hampshire 3,3 Chilbolton unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1086 5.75 6.90 8.63 C Map
Kent 3,8 Ickham unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1086 6.00 16.50 32.00 C Map
Kent 3,14 Great Chart unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1086 6.00 12.00 20.00 C Map
Hampshire 2,1 Soberton and Beauworth Alric 'of Dummer' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester Durand the man of Bishop Walkelin 6.00 4.71 6.60 B Map
Hampshire 3,26 Brockhampton unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1086 6.00 5.00 5.00 C Map
Hampshire IoW2,1 Calbourne unnamed alodiaries Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester Robert brother of Gilbert the clerk 6.00 3.00 3.65 C Map
Hertfordshire 42a,1 Standon Stigandus 6 sokemen Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury unnamed wife of Richard fitzGilbert - 6.00 18.55 18.00 A Map
Kent 3,2 East Peckham unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1086 6.50 6.50 8.00 C Map
Kent 3,6 Cliffe unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury unnamed monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, in 1086 7.00 6.00 16.00 C Map
Hampshire 3,5 Whitnal 2 thegns Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1086 7.00 10.00 7.00 B Map
Hampshire 3,21 Hannington unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1066 Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester unnamed monks of Old Minster, Winchester, in 1086 7.00 5.00 15.00 C Map
Kent 2,7 Crayford Osweard of Norton Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury - 8.00 12.00 16.00 C Map
Total               1493.82 1668.79 2077.43  
Next 500 results

Lord 2 1066

Shire Phil. ref. Vill Lord 2 1066 DB Spelling Holder 1066 Lord 1066 Tenant-in-Chief 1086 1086 subtenant Fiscal value 1066 value 1086 value Lord 2 1066 ID conf. Show on map
Norfolk 9,228 Haddiscoe Stigandus 6 free men Edward, king Roger Bigod - 0.00 0.00 0.00 C Map
Norfolk 9,63 Pirnhow 1 sokeman Ælfgar 'of Winfarthing' Roger Bigod - 0.03 0.00 0.00 D Map
Norfolk 14,21 Starston Stigandus 1 free man Baldwin, abbot of Bury St Edmunds Baldwin, abbot of Bury St Edmunds - 0.04 0.04 0.04 C Map
Norfolk 10,53 Gateley 1 free man Bondi 'of Raynham' William, bishop of Thetford - 0.05 0.00 0.03 D Map
Norfolk 34,1 Bablingley Stigandus 7 sokemen Thorth 'of East Anglia' Peter de Valognes William de Parthenay 0.05 0.00 0.00 C Map
Suffolk 7,124 Harpole Stigandus 1 free man Ælfwine Roger Bigod Ranulph fitzWalter 0.08 0.10 0.10 C Map
Norfolk 14,20 Harleston Stigandus 1 free man Baldwin, abbot of Bury St Edmunds Baldwin, abbot of Bury St Edmunds - 0.10 0.08 0.08 C Map
Norfolk 66,87 Dersingham Stigandus 1 free man Anund 'of Dersingham' Ralph Baynard Peter de Valognes 0.10 0.10 0.05 C Map
Norfolk 66,55 Lynn Stigandus 1 free man Wulfric, abbot of Ely Ralph Baynard - 0.11 0.20 0.20 C Map
Norfolk 9,43 Surlingham Stigand 2 free men and 1 half-free man Godwine 'of Surlingham' Roger Bigod Godwine 'of Surlingham' 0.17 0.00 0.00 C Map
Norfolk 9,44 Rockland St Mary Stigand 1 free man and 2 half-free men Godwine 'of Surlingham' Roger Bigod Godwine 'of Surlingham' 0.17 0.00 0.00 C Map
Norfolk 20,31 Belaugh Stigandus 7 sokemen Ralph the staller Ralph de Beaufour - 0.18 0.40 0.40 C Map
Norfolk 2,1 Gayton Thorpe 1 sokeman Northmann Odo, bishop of Bayeux - 0.25 0.20 0.17 C Map
Norfolk 13,13 Islington Stigandus 15 free men Thorkil 'of Stow Bardolph' Hermer de Ferrers - 0.25 0.80 0.50 C Map
Norfolk 66,20 East Winch Stigandus 2 free men unnamed antecessor of Hermer de Ferrers Hermer de Ferrers Bordin 'of Thorpland' 0.25 0.10 0.06 C Map
Norfolk 1,60 Gillingham Stigandus 2 free men Gyrth, earl William, king - 0.29 0.00 0.00 C Map
Norfolk 34,4 Ingoldisthorpe Stigandus 3 free men unnamed antecessor of Peter de Valognes Peter de Valognes - 0.32 0.00 0.00 C Map
Norfolk 9,228 Haddiscoe Stigandus 1 free man Edward, king Roger Bigod Turold 'the man of Roger Bigod' 0.33 0.50 0.50 C Map
Norfolk 10,50 Mintlyn Stigandus 15 free men Æthelmær, bishop of Elmham William, bishop of Thetford - 0.33 1.50 1.50 C Map
Norfolk 1,223 Starston 15 sokemen, of Starston II Baldwin, abbot of Bury St Edmunds William, king William de Noyers 0.50 0.00 0.00 A Map
Norfolk 6,5 Woodton Stigandus 2 free men and 1 half-free man Ælfgar 'of Winfarthing' Hugh, earl - 0.50 1.00 2.00 C Map
Norfolk 9,167 Starston Stigandus 1 free man Wulfric, abbot of Ely Roger Bigod Godwine 'of Starston' 0.50 0.50 0.50 C Map
Norfolk 43,2 Billingford Stigandus 12 free men Baldwin, abbot of Bury St Edmunds Roger de Rames Warenger 'of Hedingham' 0.50 0.36 0.18 C Map
Norfolk 66,23 Gayton Stigandus 1 free man unnamed antecessor of Hermer de Ferrers Hermer de Ferrers Bordin 'of Thorpland' 0.50 0.15 0.15 C Map
Norfolk 66,71 Flitcham Stigandus 10 free men Northmann Ralph Baynard Roger Bigod 0.67 0.00 0.00 C Map
Norfolk 1,225 Thorpe Abbots 18 free men, of Thorpe Abbots Baldwin, abbot of Bury St Edmunds William, king William de Noyers 0.75 0.00 0.00 A Map
Hertfordshire 2,1 Datchworth Stigandus Ælfric the black Edwin, abbot of Westminster Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury Ansketil de Rots 1.00 3.00 1.50 A Map
Norfolk 26,2 Crostwick Stigandus 6 men Ketil Alder Roger the Poitevin Albert Greslet (aka Crematus) 1.00 0.00 0.00 C Map
Norfolk 66,22 Gayton Thorpe Stigandus Thorkil 'of Gayton Thorpe' unnamed antecessor of Hermer de Ferrers Hermer de Ferrers - 1.00 1.00 1.00 C Map
Norfolk 1,226 Brockdish 23 free men Baldwin, abbot of Bury St Edmunds William, king William de Noyers 1.17 1.40 11.20 A Map
Norfolk 20,24 Wroxham 3 free men Harold, earl Ralph de Beaufour - 1.25 0.00 0.00 D Map
Suffolk 34,5 Loose Stigandus Leofstan 'of Bricett' Edward, king Ranulph Peverel - 1.50 2.00 2.00 D Map
Norfolk 1,182 Bedingham Stigandus Haghni 'of Bedingham' Edward, king William, king - 2.00 4.00 7.63 C Map
Total               15.94 17.43 29.79  

Profile

 

Career

Stigand’s name was Old Norse whereas that of his brother, Æthelmær, was Old English. This suggests that Stigand was born into an Anglo-Scandinavian family. There are several indications that his family had a base in East Anglia: Stigand enjoyed extensive lands and lordships in Norfolk, Suffolk and eastern Cambridgeshire; his first appointment was to a minster in Essex; both he and Æthelmær were bishops of the East Anglian see of Elmham; their sister held 32 acres in Norwich; Æthelmær is known to have to have married a Norfolk landholder (LDB 116a, 195a (Norfolk 1,61; 10:28)), and he also held property in Norwich described as his patrimonium. However, as we shall see, Stigand held a significant number of property and attracted a large number of commended men in south Cambridgeshire, west Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire; it is therefore possible that his family also had a base in the southeast Midlands.

Stigand first appears in the historical record in 1020. In that year, King Cnut constructed a minster at Assandun in Essex for the souls of those who had been slain in battle there in 1016, ‘and gave it to his own priest (his anum preoste) whose name was Stigand’ (ASC F s.a. 1020; ed. Baker 2000: 111). He appears subsequently to have served as a priest in the king’s household, for the subscription of a priest named Stigand occurs in 4 of the diplomas of King Cnut and 2 of King Harthacnut (Keynes 1998: Table 58). Stigand is also styled sacerdos in a list of names entered on folio 29r of the Liber Vitae of the New Minster, Winchester (Keynes 1996: 97); and regis capellanus by John of Worcester, and in a Bury narrative which describes his acquisition of Mildenhall (Darlington and McGurk 1995: 526, 540; Dugdale 1846: iii. 155).

Stigand’s prominence at court was probably a function of his close relationship with Queen Emma, the widow of King Æthelred II, wife of Cnut, and mother of King Edward the Confessor and Harthacnut. The annal for 1043 in the C-text of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records that Stigand was consecrated bishop of Elmham; that soon afterwards Emma was deprived of her land and treasure; and that ‘soon after this Stigand was deprived of his bishopric, and all that he owned was placed in the king’s control because he was closest in his mother’s counsel, and because it was suspected that she did as he advised’ (ASC C s.a. 1043). Like many of Edward’s depositions, this one proved short-lived, for the E-text of the Chronicle records that he was restored to his bishopric the following year (ASC E s.a. 1044). Bishop Stigand appeared in the witness list of three charters datable 1044 x 1047 (Keynes 1998: Table 72), and was addressed in several of King Edward’s writs relating to East Anglian property (S 1073−4, 1108−9). He also witnessed the will of Thurstan, which was drawn up in c. 1045, and names Stigand as the prospective beneficiary of half a mark of gold (S 1531).

Five East Anglian documents shed further light on this stage of his career. First, a document datable c. 1040 records that certain Stigand leased an estate at Playford in Suffolk to his priest, Ælfgar, with reversion to Bury St Edmunds (S 1224; Cambridge University Library MS Ee. 3. 60 fol. 322v). The reversion to Bury appears not to have been in effect in 1066, for Little Domesday records that Playford was held by a certain Godwine son of Ælfhere under (sub) the queen TRE (LDB 314b (Suffolk 6:112)). However, Stigand held estates and lordships very close to Playford (for example, he held an estate 6 miles away at Bramford, and had a commended Man 2 miles away at Newton), and this commends the view that the lessor of S 1224 was identical with the later archbishop. Second, Stigand preost was among the witnesses to an Essex will, datable 1042 x 1043, and subscribed by King Edward and senior members of his court (S 1530). Third, the will of Leofgifu, datable 1035 x 1044, records her bequest of an estate at Willesham in Suffolk to a certain Stigand (S 1521). Little Domesday Book does not contain an entry for Willesham, but the entry for the nearest vill at Offton records that a certain Leofcild, a free man commended to Stigand, held 2 carucates there (LDB 337a (Suffolk 7:60)), and this suggests that the beneficiary of Leofgifu’s will was identical with the later archbishop. It also raises the possibility that Leofgifu may have been a kinswoman of Archbishop Stigand, for the bequest to Stigand occurs in a list of 5 bequests to people who are specifically stated to have been Leofgifu’s kinsmen. Fourth, Bishop Stigand witnessed an agreement between Abbot Ufi of Bury St Edmunds and Æthelmær, the bishop’s brother, whereby the latter leased estates at Swanton and Hildolveston in Norfolk from the abbot for a mark of gold on condition that both properties should revert to the abbey upon Æthelmær’s death (S 1468). Hildolveston was held by Æthelmær in 1066, and by Bishop William of Thetford in 1086 (LDB 192b (Norfolk 10,15)); and the abbot of Bury is not listed among the several holders of land in Swanton in either 1066 or 1086. Finally, Bishop Stigand is name as one of three persons who retained a copy of a lease agreement, datable 1043 x 1047, between the abbot of Bury and a certain Wulfgeat, although Stigand himself is not specifically named in connection with this transaction (S 1470).

Stigand was translated to the bishopric of Winchester following the death of Bishop Ælfwine on 29 August 1047 (ASC CDE s.a. 1047). Stigand’s brother Æthelmær succeeded him as bishop of Elmham. Stigand witnessed 5 royal diplomas issued between 1047 and 1050, rising from position 5 out of 8 among the bishops in 1048 to position 2 out of 10 in 1050 (Keynes 1998: Table 72). He is also addressed in several of King Edward’s writs relating to property in the Wessex (S 1129, 1136−7, 1153). According to the Vita Edwardi, Stigand attempted to mediate between King Edward and the family of Earl Godwine during the crisis of 1051, and wept when he brought Godwine the news that he had been outlawed at the king’s court (Barlow 1992: 36−8). The E-text of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records that Stigand again mediated between Edward and Godwine when the latter forced his way back from exile in 1052, and the same source records that Stigand was appointed archbishop of Canterbury after Archbishop Robert was forced to escape to Normandy in September of that year  (ASC E s.a. 1052). Stigand then held Winchester in plurality with Canterbury until his fall in 1070. 

Three documents bear on Stigand’s management of the Winchester endowment, and all three relate to alienations. S 1402 records that Bishop Stigand leased one hide at Sparsholt in Hampshire to a certain Æthelmær for his lifetime and that of his son, Sæman, in return for an unspecified sum of money. Since Bishop Æthelmær is known to have been married (LDB 195 (Norfolk 10:28)), it is conceivable that the lessee was Stigand’s brother. S 1403, datable 1047 x 1053, is a lease by Bishop Stigand to a certain Wulfric for 2 lives, of 2 hides and a yardland at Alton Priors and 3 yardlands at Patney, Wiltshire. S 1476 records that Bishop Stigand agreed to lease 5 hides at Hayling Island in Hampshire to Wulfweard White, with the reversion of both this estate and another 5 hides in the same place to Winchester upon Wulfweard’s death. The witness list of this document suggests that the transaction it records was agreed at a meeting of the Hampshire shire court in c. 1053.

Stigand subscribed all of the extant diplomas of King Edward issued between 1052 and 1066, as archbishop, and in first position among the bishops (Keynes 1998: Table 72). He is also addressed in several of King Edward’s writs (e.g. S 1092−5, 1477). Relatively little is known of his career at Canterbury. He received a writ from King Edward granting him and the community at Christ Church judicial and financial rights (S 1088); and at some stage during his archiepiscopate, possibly in 1054, Beorhtmær of Gracechurch granted to Christ Church, Canterbury a grant of reversion of land (at Gracechurch) with All Hallows Church, following the deaths of his wife and his sons (S 1234). It is also known that, between 1061 and 1066, Archbishop Stigand received from Abbot Ælfwig of Bath a life lease of 30 hides at Tidenham, Gloucestershire, in return for 10 marks of gold and 20 pounds of silver, with reversion to the abbey (S 1426).

Stigand’s tenure of the archbishop of Canterbury coincided with a period when the papacy was increasingly preoccupied with a programme of reform. Stigand’s position as archbishop was at odds with this programme in several respects. He was the first non-monk to be archbishop of Canterbury for nearly a hundred years. He had no prior connection with the community of Canterbury, which had recently elected one of their own, a monk named Ælfric. More seriously, he held Winchester in plurality with that of Canterbury; his elevation to Canterbury was theoretically uncanonical since his predecessor, Robert, remained alive; and he did not go to Rome to collect his pallium − indeed, he was later accused of appropriating the pallium that Robert had left behind. Stigand subsequently accepted the pallium from Pope Benedict X, who was later branded an anti-pope: in 1058, the Roman Tusculum family contrived to depose Pope Leo IX and to install Pope Benedict X as his successor, and shortly afterwards Benedict sent the pallium to Stigand; but in January 1059, Benedict was deposed in favour of Nicholas II (ASC D s.a. 1058, 1059). Professions made to Archbishop Lanfranc written Stigand’s fall in 1070 claim that successive popes – Leo IX, Victor II, Stephen IX, Nicholas II and Alexander II – each excommunicated Stigand in turn (Richter 1973: 26, 27).

Contemporary attitudes to Stigand are difficult to reconstruct, not least because he was so thoroughly vilified after his death (see below). However, there is clear evidence that Stigand’s contemporaries lacked confidence in him, for several of the bishops appointed between 1052 and 1066 sought consecration elsewhere. The annal for 1053 in the C-text of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, which is consistently hostile to Stigand, says that there was ‘no archbishop in the land’ that year, presumably because neither Stigand nor Cynesige of York had yet received the pallium; and the same source goes on to say that two bishops elect, Leofwine of Lichfield and Wulfwig of Dorchester, ‘went overseas’ to be consecrated for that reason (ASC C s.a. 1053). In 1058, having received the pallium from Benedict, Stigand consecrated Æthelric bishop of Selsey and Siward bishop of Rochester (ASC DE s.a. 1058). However, in 1061, two years after Benedict’s deposition, bishops-elect Giso of Wells and Walter of Hereford went to Rome to be consecrated (Barlow 1992: 54); and according to John of Worcester, they deliberately ‘avoided ordination by Stigand … because they knew he had received the pallium uncanonically’ (McGurk 1998: 17). In 1062, Bishop Wulfstan of Worcester was consecrated by Archbishop Ealdred of York, even though Stigand had participated in the process by which Wulfstan was elected; and according to John of Worcester, this was because Stigand ‘was then forbidden to exercise his episcopal office by the apostolic lord as he had presumed to accept the archbishopric while Archbishop Robert was alive’ (Darlington and McGurk 1995: 591−3; cf. Winterbottom and Thomson 2002: 46). John goes on to say that Wulfstan made a profession of obedience to Stigand − a point which Wulfstan himself later denied in his profession to Archbishop Lanfranc, in which Wulfstan claims to professed obedience to Ealdred (Richter 1973: 26). Otherwise, Stigand is only known to have consecrated abbots before 1066: Æthelsige, abbot of St Augustine’s Canterbury in 1061 (ASC E s.a. 1061); Baldwin, abbot of Bury St Edmunds on 15 August 1065 (Bates 1998: no. 39; Liebermann 1879: 245, 256); and Thurstan, abbot of Ely in 1066 (Blake 1962: 168, 201). In this context, it is perhaps also significant that Earl Harold appears not to have allowed Stigand to consecrate his collegiate church at Waltham Holy Cross on 3 May 1060; indeed, the Waltham Chronicle says that the archbishopric of Canterbury was ‘vacant’ at this date (Chibnall 1994: 32).

Stigand is said to have been present at the deathbed of King Edward, where he is said to have roughly dismissed the dying king’s prophetic vision as the rambling of a man, broken with age and disease (Barlow 1992: 118, 122; Mynors et al. 1998: 414). Norman sources claim that Stigand consecrated Harold king the following day, 6 January 1066 (Davis and Chibnall 1998: 100; Chibnall 1969–80: ii. 137; Watkiss and Chibnall 1994: 44; cf. Wilson 1985: plate 31); but Worcester and York sources more reliably record that Archbishop Ealdred of York did so (Darlington and McGurk 1995: 600; Raine 1879−94: ii. 348). It is not known what role Stigand played in the campaigns of 1066. According to William of Poitiers, Stigand briefly joined earls Eadwine and Morcar in support for Edgar Ætheling after the Battle of Hastings, before submitting to William at Wallingford (Davis and Chibnall 1998: 146; Chibnall 1969–80: ii. 182). 

The Carmen implies that both Stigand and Ealdred officiated at King William’s coronation (Barlow 1999: 47), but other sources are insistent that William was crowned by Archbishop Ealdred (ASC DE s.a. 1066; Darlington and McGurk 1995: 606; Davis and Chibnall 1998: 150; Chibnall 1969–80: ii, 182−4). Stigand nevertheless remained in office throughout the first three years of William’s reign. According to William of Poitiers, King William ‘did not approve of the pontificate of Stigand, which he knew to be uncanonical, but thought it better to await the pope’s sentence than to depose him too hastily. Other considerations persuaded him to suffer him for the time being and hold him in honour, because of the very great authority he exercised over the English’ (Davis and Chibnall 1998: 161). Other, more reliable evidence confirms that Stigand remained in post for the first three years of William’s reign. King William issued a writ in Old English addressed to Archbishop Stigand early in his reign, probably in late 1066 or early 1067 (Bates 1998: no. 291). Stigand consecrated Remigius bishop of Dorchester in 1067 (Richter 1973: 27). William also took the precaution of taking Stigand to Normandy in the spring of 1067 together with other leading English magnates (ASC D s.a. 1066). According to William of Malmesbury, he was treated with there with great dignity and honour (Winterbottom 2007: 48). William returned to England in late 1067, and the following year, on 11 May 1068, Stigand was present at Westminster Abbey to witness the consecration of Queen Matilda (Bates 1998: no. 181 and cf. no. 286); but it was Ealdred, not Stigand, who consecrated Matilda (ASC D s.a. 1067). Stigand’s subscription also occurs in two diplomas which were issued in 1069 and survive in their original form (Bates 1998: nos. 138 and 254).

Stigand is not known to have played any role in the northern rebellion of 1069, but in common with many other English magnates, his fall from power occurred soon after William’s brutal campaign to suppress it ended in the spring of 1070. Stigand was deposed at a royal council at Winchester on 11 April 1070, held in the presence of papal legates, Bishop Ermenfrid of Sion, and the cardinal priests John and Peter (Whitelock et al. 1981: 565−76). John of Worcester, who supplies the fullest account of the deposition, says that Stigand was deposed for three reasons: ‘that he unlawfully held the bishopric of Winchester together with the archbishopric; that, in the lifetime of Archbishop Robert, he not only seized the archbishopric, but had for some time used, during mass, Robert’s pallium, which the latter had left at Canterbury when he was unjustly driven from England by force; and that afterwards he had received the pallium from Benedict, whom the holy Roman see excommunicated because he had simoniacally invaded the apostolic chair’ (McGurk 1998: 11−13). The same source records that Stigand’s brother Bishop Æthelmær was deposed at the same council. William of Malmesbury implies that Stigand was present at this council and attempted to defend himself (Winterbottom 2007: 48), but the Liber Eliensis says that he fled to Ely ‘with the whole contents of his treasury … until the outcome of his trial was known’ (Blake 1962: 176; trans. Fairweather 2005: 207−8). Stigand was captured and imprisoned for the rest of his life at Winchester, where Queen Edith is said to have visited him, urging him to dress and eat less austerely (Winterbottom 2007: 48). That King William enjoyed papal support for Stigand’s deposition is confirmed by a letter to him from Pope Alexander II, which contains a thinly veiled reference to Stigand as ‘source of evil’ (Patrologia Latina, vol. 146, p. 1413). 

Stigand died on 21 or 22 February 1072. The communities of the Old Minster Winchester, St Augustine’s Canterbury and Ely Abbey include Stigand in their necrologies (London, British Library, Cotton Vitellius E. xviii, fol. 2v; Cotton Vitellius C. xii, fol. 120; Cambridge, Trinity College, MS 0.2.1 fols. k1−13, k2v). He was buried in the Old Minster, Winchester (Luard 1864−69: ii. 29).

The fact that Stigand was succeeded by a well-trained canon lawyer did not help his posthumous reputation. Indeed, a powerful case has been made for thinking that the damnatio memoriae of King Harold II, which is a leitmotif of the documentation of the Conqueror’s reign, was worked out by Lanfranc in parallel with that of Stigand, for the legitimacy of both William and Lanfranc turned on proving the illegitimacy of their respective predecessors in office. A series of professions made to Lanfranc refer to the crimes which made Stigand’s archiepiscopate illegitimate with such consistency and precision that it is probable that a text drafted by Lanfranc lies behind them all (Garnett 2007: 33−5). By the time that William of Poitiers wrote his Gesta Guillelmi in the 1070s, it had become an axiom of Norman propaganda that the crimes of Harold and Stigand went hand in hand: Stigand, like Harold, had consented to King Edward’s bequest his kingdom to William but later reneged on that commitment; and Harold, we are told, ‘received an impious consecration from Stigand, who had been deprived of his priestly office by the just zeal and anathema of the pope’ (Davis and Chibnall 1998: 101, 120−1). Domesday Book denies Harold the title of king more consistently than it denies Stigand the title of archbishop, but Lanfranc’s determination to airbrush Stigand from memory is surely evident in the fact that, excluding two apparent slips (GDB 127a (Middlesex 2:1); LDB 372b (Suffolk 15:1)), Stigand is not named in Lanfranc’s fee. Stigand’s reputation continued to deteriorate in the next generation: for example, Eadmer of Canterbury refers to Stigand’s multa mala et horrenda crimina (Rule 1884: 9); Orderic says that Stigand ‘defiled himself with perjury and homicide’ (Chibnall 1969–80: ii. 238); and William of Malmesbury makes him an ignorant, greedy, ambitious prelate who had ‘no thought for the salvation of souls so long as he went on enjoying his lay honours’ (Winterbottom and Thomson 2007: 46−7).

Stigand’s career spans 50 years of a turbulent period of politics during which 7 different kings representing 4 different dynasties reigned in England. Unfortunately, there is insufficient biographical data to do more than speculate as to what accounts for his political longevity. His property dealings suggest that he was an opportunist with an eye for the main chance, and a skilful and determined administrator with a sharp eye for detail (see below). His personal fortune and extensive lordships made him one of the most powerful lords in the kingdom, and this in itself must have made him difficult to dislodge. He presumably enjoyed amicable relations with the house of Godwine, for he held office within earldoms controlled by Godwine and his sons for most of his career: Earl Harold was earl in East Anglia from 1045 to 1052; Earl Godwine was earl of Wessex when Stigand was appointed bishop of Winchester in 1047 and archbishop of Canterbury in 1052; and Earl Harold succeeded his father as earl of Wessex in 1053. It is difficult to imagine that Stigand would have won and retained these promotions without the support of Godwine and Harold. When relations between the king and the house of Godwine reached crisis point in 1051 and 1052, Stigand was careful to mediate between the two parties without being overtly disloyal to the king. The fact that the C-text of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle is less flattering to Stigand than the E-text is suggestive here, for the former was generally hostile and the latter generally favourable to the house of Godwine (Baxter 2008). However, it would be mistaken to place Stigand too firmly in the Godwineson faction. Here one should recall that Harold apparently refused to allow Stigand to consecrate him king, and that the Vita Edwardi, which produced at Edith’s behest, makes unflattering remarks about Stigand’s behavior at her husband’s deathbed. If an argument from silence be permitted, it is surely significant that there is no evidence to show that Stigand played a leading role in shaping the spiritual well-being of the English church, or the ideological foundations of King’s Edward’s regime: in these respects, Stigand is very different from archbishops Wulfstan and Ealdred of York. However, it remains possible that Stigand made himself useful to successive kings as a talented administrator. The point is registered by James Campbell: ‘Edward the Confessor had quite an administrative machine. Who actually ran it? A reasonable, if unprovable, guess is Stigand’ (Campbell 2000: 225). This is indeed an unprovable guess, but it remains a good one. Stigand served in the king’s household, where royal scribes, treasurers and chancellors are known to have been trained; he is known to have retained copies of documents even where he was not personally involved in the transaction (S 1470); for much of his career he had a base in Winchester, one of the major focal points of royal government and power in late Anglo-Saxon England, and the probable seat of its treasury; he possessed a remarkable number of properties in towns, which were also important focal points for royal government in the eleventh century; and he survived for nearly three years within the Conqueror’s regime at a time when the Normans were acutely anxious to take over the machinery of the late Anglo-Saxon state in working order. Perhaps they thought Stigand was a crucial element in transferring its technologies: that would help explain why William of Poitiers wrote that Stigand inter Anglos auctoritas erat summa (Davis and Chibnall 1998: 160).

Stigand’s feudum

Stigand’s holding is sometimes referred to as feudum Stigandi in Domesday Book (LDB 116v (Norfolk 1:61), 175 (Norfolk 9:28)). In order to establish its scale and distribution, it is important to register two methodological points. First, it is necessary where possible to distinguish the estates which Stigand held as the archbishop of Canterbury and bishop of Winchester from those he held in other capacities. Succession patterns offer the best guide here: in what follows, it is assumed that, unless otherwise stated in Domesday Book, the estates held by Archbishop Lanfranc in 1086 were held by Stigand as archbishop of Canterbury TRE; that the estates held by Bishop Walkelin of Winchester in 1086 were held by Stigand as bishop of Winchester TRE; and that the estates held by Stigand and which passed to different lords were held in other capacities TRE. Second, it is necessary where possible to distinguish between Stigand’s own estates from those held by persons connected to him through lordship. Stigand would have enjoyed the income from the former but not usually from the latter. For that reason, Stigand is treated as the lord, not the direct holder or financial beneficiary, of the estates assigned for the monks and communities of Christ Church, Canterbury and the Old Minster, Winchester. Domesday Book usually distinguishes between the estates held by the archbishop of Canterbury, the bishop of Winchester and those held by their respective communities in 1086, but it is less consistent in making such distinction for the situation in 1066. It is therefore further assumed that, unless otherwise stated in Domesday Book, the estates attributed to these communities in 1086 were also held by them TRE. This is, admittedly, a large assumption, for the distinction between the estates held by the cathedral communities became more sharply drawn in the late eleventh century, and it is far from clear how far this process had progressed at Cantebury and Winchester by 1066; however, the view taken here is that it would be more misleading not to attempt to differentiate between Stigand’s demesne estates and those which provided for the monastic communities he led.

The map and table below illustrate the scale and distribution of Stigand’s property and lordship with these distinctions in mind.

Figure 1. Map of the Estates and Lordships Attributed to Stigand in Domesday Book

Table 1. The Estates and Lordships Attributed to Stigand in each shire in Domesday Book

Shire

Canterbury

Winchester

Other

Total

Bedfordshire

0.0

0.0

22.0

22.0

Berkshire

0.0

32.0

0.0

32.0

Buckinghamshire

0.0

15.0

0.0

15.0

Cambridgeshire

0.0

31.0

19.7

50.7

Dorset

0.0

0.0

66.0

66.0

Gloucestershire

0.0

0.0

75.5

75.5

Hampshire

0.0

264.5

63.8

328.2

Hertfordshire

0.0

0.0

58.0

58.0

Kent

563.6

0.0

44.5

608.1

Middlesex

40.0

0.0

0.0

40.0

Norfolk

0.0

0.0

245.5

245.5

Oxfordshire

11.0

34.0

16.4

61.4

Somerset

0.0

102.0

0.0

102.0

Suffolk

15.0

0.0

72.0

87.0

Surrey

44.0

61.0

0.0

105.0

Sussex

92.4

0.0

0.0

92.4

Wiltshire

0.0

70.0

0.0

70.0

Total

766.1

609.5

683.3

2058.8

There are shortcomings with this approach. The representation of Stigand’s estates and lordships in Domesday Book complicates the process of identification. As we have seen, Stigand is rarely specifically named as Lanfranc’s antecessor in Domesday Book; and he is named more often, but still inconsistently, as Walkelin’s antecessor. This means that Stigand is not actually named in connection with a significant proportion of the demesne estates attributed to him in the analysis: much of his wealth is assumed rather than demonstrable. The way Stigand is described in Domesday Book further complicates the process of identification. Where Stigand is named in Domesday Book, he is sometimes styled ‘archbishop’, sometimes as ‘bishop’, and sometimes simply as ‘Stigand’; but there is no clear correspondence between the way Stigand is styled and the identity of his successors: he is styled ‘archbishop’ in some entries relating to estates which passed to Walkelin, and he is styled ‘bishop’ and ‘archbishop’ in several entries which did not pass to either Walkelin or Lanfranc. Further, the internal organization of the endowments of Canterbury and Winchester is likely have changed between 1066 and 1086, not least because monastic communities are known to have grown rapidly during this period; and if so, the TRW data is at best an approximate guide to the division of property between bishops and monks TRE. In addition, many of Stigand’s demesne estates were large, complex manors, often with leaseholdings or subtenancies embedded within them, and the fiscal assessment and value of these tenancies are often difficult to disaggregate from the whole. The present analysis attempts to account for each tenancy separately, often by using a tenancy’s share of a manor’s total fiscal assessment as a guide to its share of that manor’s value. For these reasons, Domesday Book makes it possible to produce an estimate, but not a precise account, of the value of Stigand’s holdings TRE.

Two other scholars have published analyses of Stigand’s holdings in Domesday Book, and their findings are compared with the present analysis in the table below.

Table 2. Estimates of the Estates and Lordships Attributed to Stigand in Domesday Book

£s

Smith 1994

Giandrea (née Smith) 2007

Mitton 2009

Baxter 2016

Stigand’s ‘personal’ holding

Estates

755

755

710

683

Lordships

-

-

1,913

433

Subtotal

-

-

710

1,116

Canterbury

Estates

-

-

778

766

Lordships

-

-

463

543

Subtotal

1,145

1,333

1,241

1,309

Winchester

Estates

-

-

732

610

Lordships

-

-

684

684

Subtotal

1,040

1,177

1,416

1,294

Total

Estates

-

-

2,220

2,057

Lordships

-

-

3,060

1,660

Total

2,940

3,265

5,280

3,717

The table reveals significant differences in approach. Giandrea does not attempt to quantify the value of the estates set aside for the monks of Canterbury and Winchester, or the value of the estates held by the remainder of Stigand’s lordships. Mitton does so, but produces an inexplicably high figure for the value of Stigand’s ‘personal’ lordships (Mitton 2009: 184). Nevertheless, the two most recent estimates agree that Stigand’s demesne estates generated an annual value of just over £2,000. Given that these calculations are necessarily bases on a number of judgments and interpretations, these figures are relatively close, so this figure may taken to be a consensus view.

Stigand also held or controlled a significant amount of property in towns, as the table below illustrates.

Table 4. Stigand’s presence in Domesday towns

Shire

Phil. Ref

Town

TRW lord

Properties

Details

Berkshire

B,3

Wallingford

Archbishop Lanfranc

6

6 dwellings at 26d

Kent

2,24

Canterbury

Archbishop Lanfranc

7

7 burgesses in Canterbury who pay 8s 4d

Kent

2,16

Canterbury

Archbishop Lanfranc

52

52 messuages in the city

Kent

2,1

Canterbury

Archbishop Lanfranc

32

2 burgesses and 32 messuages which pay 35s

Kent

C,1

Canterbury

Archbishop Lanfranc

7

7 houses in the city ditch

Kent

3,9

Canterbury

Archbishop Lanfranc

97

97 burgesses who pay £8 4s

Kent

2,26

Hythe

Archbishop Lanfranc

6

6 burgesses

Kent

2,25

Romney

Archbishop Lanfranc

85

85 burgesses

Kent 

2,1

Sandwich

Archbishop Lanfranc

307

307 habitable messuages

Norfolk

1,61

Norwich

King William

50

50 burgesses with sake and soke and commendation

Norfolk

1,61

Norwich

King William

1

Church of St Martins with 12 acres

Norfolk

1,61

Norwich

Bishop of Thetford

1

Church of St Michael with 112 acres

Norfolk

1,69

Thetford

King William

5

5 churches, 5 burgesses, 2 empty dwellings

Oxfordshire

B,8

Oxford

Archbishop Lanfranc

7

7 messuages which pay 38d

Oxfordshire

B,8

Oxford

Bishop of Winchester

9

9 messuages which pay 62d

Suffolk

1,116

Ipswich

King William

2

2 burgesses

Surrey

1,1b

Guildford

Ranulph the clerk

3

3 closes in which 6 men dwell

Surrey

2,3

London

Archbishop Lanfranc

17

17 messuages which paid 52d

Surrey

2,3

Southwark

Archbishop Lanfranc

4

4 messuages at 27d

Sussex

2,6

Chichester

Archbishop Lanfranc

4

4 messuages which pay 22d

Sussex

2,3

Lewes

Archbishop Lanfranc

7

7 messuages which pay 21d a year

Sussex

2,4

Lewes

Archbishop Lanfranc

21

21 messuages which pay 8s 8d a year

Total

730730

This is not an exhaustive list, for Domesday Book does not record urban properties systematically and does not supply detailed accounts of London or Winchester. The scale of Stigand’s holding in Winchester can however be estimated from a survey of the city made in 1148, which reveals that the bishop of Winchester then controlled 364 tenements – about one third of the city − generating an income of £69 7s (Biddle 1976: 369).

It is plain that Stigand extraordinarily wealthy. The total value of his demesne estates (£2,069) made him the third wealthiest man in England TRE, behind only King Edward and Earl Harold; and the total value of his other, ‘personal’ holdings (£706), was greater than all but a handful of lords − only Edward, Harold, Queen Edith and earls Ælfgar, Godwine, Eadwine, Tostig and Morcar are attributed estates worth more than £700 in Domesday Book.

The origins of Stigand’s property portfolio

The means by which Stigand accumulated this remarkable portfolio are obscure. He presumably acquired property through inheritance, royal patronage, lordship, religious patronage, judicial processes and political pressure, sometimes by fair means, sometimes by foul. A few glimpses of his modus operandi can be found. Some point towards inheritance. The entry for Norwich in the Norfolk Domesday strongly suggests that Stigand’s family had a landed base there: it records Stigand’s sister held 32 acres there; that Bishop Æthelmær held the church of St Simon and St Jude ‘not of his bishopric but of his patrimony’; and that Stigand himself held the church of St Michael to which were attached 112 acres of land, all of which were held by Bishop William in 1086 although it was ‘not of his bishopric’ (LDB 116a−b (Norfolk 1:61)). As we have seen, the will of Leofgifu records that Leofgifu bequeathed an estate at Willesham in Suffolk to Stigand.

Lordship also created opportunities for acquiring property. S 1519 records that a certain Ketel bequeathed an estate at Harling in Norfolk to Archbishop Stigand, whom he described as mine louerd; and Little Domesday Book records that presumably the same Ketel held land at Harling in 1066, though as it happens, this entry does not identify Ketel’s lord (LDB 223a (Norfolk 19:15)). The same document records that Ketel granted to Earl Harold half an estate at Moran (unidentified), asserting that he had never lost or forfeited it in a lawsuit although his ‘enemies wrongfully occupy it’; and it goes on to record Ketel’s bequest of another estate at Frating to Harold ‘according to the agreement which you yourself [Harold] and Archbishop Stigand my lord made’. This is cryptic evidence, but a plausible reading is that Ketel bequeathed land to Earl Harold and Archbishop Stigand in return for their support in a property dispute.

There are no extant royal diplomas granting property to Stigand, perhaps in part because such diplomas would have been worse than useless after 1066. However, an entry in the Kent Domesday specifically records that King Edward granted Stigand an estate in that shire from the royal demesne: it records that Archbishop Stigand held a large estate at Barham in Kent (worth £40) TRE, and that ‘it did not belong to the archbishopric but belonged to the demesne farm of King Edward’ (non erat de archiepiscopatu sed fuit de dominica firma regis) (GDB 9d (Kent 5,138)). It is probable that Stigand acquired other estates by similar means at different stages in his career. This perhaps explains how he obtained certain large estates far away from East Anglia. His estate at Sturminster in Dorset is a probable case in point. Sturminster was a large estate which was assessed at 30 hides and worth £66 TRE. The fact that it passed without apparent dispute to Roger de Beaumont suggests that it did not form part of the endowment of Canterbury or Winchester; and fact that it was once of the estates granted by King Alfred to his youngest son, Æthelweard, proves that it had once formed part of the royal demesne (GDB 80b (Dorset 28:2); S 1507).

The best documented element in Stigand property portfolio is that portion of it which formed, or was claimed to have formed, part of the endowments of other religious houses.

(i) Ely

A passage in the Liber Eliensis (written in the early twelfth century drawing on earlier material) makes general and specific accusations against Stigand’s handling of church property:

After the passing away of Abbot Wulfric, it was actually the archbishop of Canterbury, Stigand, who took for himself the position of abbot of Ely, and a great number of other abbacies and bishoprics too, and by courtesy of both of his masters, namely King Edward and King Harold, he kept them, bereft of pastors of their own, under his own control as long as he liked, and assigned them to persons of his own choosing. For he had taken under his own control the abbacies of Winchester, Glastonbury, St Albans and St Augustine’s and Ely – before Abbot Thurstan – and he was holding on to them as if they were his own (velud proprias). It was also at the archbishop’s prompting that Harold, who was at that time wielding the scepter of the realm, caused Thurstan himself to be consecrated by this same Stigand. And indeed, though an abbot had been appointed to Ely, Stigand was taking charge of the litigation of the church. Moreover, he kept his hold over some of its best properties, as the Book of Lands reports in detail, to the very great cost of this place (Blake 1962: 168; trans. Fairweather 2005: 200).

William of Malmesbury similarly claims that Stigand trafficked openly in bishoprics and abbacies (Winterbottom and Thomson 2007: 46). Both are late sources, written long after Stigand’s posthumous reputation had sunk to an irredeemably low level. However, the St Albans evidence (below) suggests that there may be some foundation to the claim that Stigand assumed control of religious houses during vacancies. It is admittedly improbable that Stigand assumed control of Ely’s endowment for long if at all, since Abbot Wulfric appears to have died on 19 August 1066, and if Abbot Thurstan was installed by Harold he must have done so before 14 October 1066 (Knowles et al. 1972: 45). There is, nevertheless, good evidence that Stigand did indeed acquire Ely property. An Ely text, datable 1071 x 1075, lists numerous estates said to have been unjustly taken from the abbey, and contains the following assertion: ‘These were the vills of the abbey of Ely which Archbishop Stigand used to hold … and which after his death King William held: Methwold, Croxton, Snailwell and Woodditton’ (Bates 1998: no. 117, p. 412). The corresponding entries in Domesday Book reveal that Ely continued to claim some of these estates in 1086. The entry for Snailwell records that ‘this manor pertained to the demesne of the Church of Ely as demesne farm TRE, but the abbot of that time leased it to the archbishop, as the hundred bears witness; now Abbot Simeon reclaims it by right of his predecessors.’ The estate was held by Hugh de Port from the fee of Bishop Odo of Bayeux in 1086 (GDB 199b−c (Cambridgeshire 28:2)). The entry for Woodditton records that King William held this estate in 1086, that it ‘belonged to the Church of St Æthelthryth of Ely TRE’, and that ‘Archbishop Stigand took it away, [though] the men of the hundred do not know how’ (GDB 189d (Cambridgeshire 1:11)). The entries for Methwold and Croxton simply record that these two estates were held by King William in 1086 without registering Ely’s claim to them (LDB 136a−b (Norfolk 1:210−211)). These were valuable estates worth £60 in total TRE. This evidence need to be placed alongside an entry in the Hampshire Domesday, which records that the abbot of Ely held Chingescamp (unidentified) from Archbishop Stigand (GDB 40c (Hampshire 2:16)), for this suggests that there may have been some element of reciprocity in Stigand’s dealings with the abbots of Ely (Mitton 2009: 178). However, Chingescamp was only worth 15 shillings TRE, so even if that were the case, there can be little doubt that Stigand had the better of the bargain.

(ii) Bury St Edmunds

There are several known tenurial connections between Stigand’s family and the abbey of Bury St Edmunds. In the first place, the Bury archive preserves documents which purport to record post-obitum bequests of land to Bury by both Stigand and his brother Æthelmær, though no such grant appears to have taken effect. Thus, Stigand granted the reversion of Playford to Bury following the death of Ælfgar the priest, but Playford was held by Godwine son of Ælfhere sub Queen Eadgyth in 1066 (S 1224; LDB 314b (Suffolk 6:112)). Similarly, Æthelmær bequeathed four estates to Bury, having received two of them from the abbey before he became bishop, but none of them passed to the abbey (S 1499; Cambridge, University Library, MS FF 2. 33 fol. 49). Two further East Anglian wills record bequests of estates to Bury which appear not to have taken effect, not improbably because Stigand prevented them from doing so. Thus, Bishop Ælfric of Elmham, whom Stigand succeeded in office in 1043, bequeathed one estate at Hunstanton to Bury St Edmunds, and another at Grimston to Leofstan the dean of Bury, but Stigand held both estates TRE (S 1489; LDB 135b, 142a (Norfolk 1:209, 2:2)). Similarly, Leofgifu bequeathed Hintlesham to Bury but Stigand held it TRE (S 1521; LDB 289a (Suffolk 1:118)). In addition, Stigand held a large estate at Mildenhall in Suffolk which King Edward supposedly granted to Bury. S 1069 is a writ of King Edward which declares that the land at Mildenhall and the sokes of the eight and a half Thingoe hundreds are to belong to St Edmunds as fully and completely as his mother Queen Emma possessed them. The corresponding entry in Domesday Book makes a similar claim, recording that ‘King Edward gave Mildenhall to St Edmund and afterwards Stigand held it under St Edmund as a manor in the lifetime of King Edward’ (LDB 288b (Suffolk 1:115)). A Bury text claims that Stigand begged the community of Bury to lease Mildenhall to them, a request they dared not refuse propter potentiam quam tunc habuit in tota Anglia (Dugdale 1846, iii. 154−5). This suggests that Emma lost Mildenhall as a result of her disgrace in 1043, and that her loss eventually became Stigand’s gain. The evidence is insufficient to construct a reliable narrative, but a one possible interpretation is that Stigand and Æthelmær sought amicable relations with East Anglia’s most powerful abbey during the early stages of their careers; but once they became installed in power they reneged on earlier commitments and exploited Bury’s endowment. If so, the rivalry between Bury and East Anglian bishops which surfaced in the Conqueror’s reign (Gransden 1982) had pre-Conquest origins.

(iii) St Albans

As we have seen, the Liber Eliensis claims that St Albans was among the abbacies which Stigand assumed control of during vacancies. Although a late source, this assertion receives support from an apparently authentic writ-charter of King William I, which granted the abbey sake and soke and all customs over all the places tam bene et tam honeste sicuti Stigandus habuit illo die quo rex Ædwardus mortuus est (Bates 1998: no. 249, p. 756). As Julia Crick has observed, ‘it is difficult to construe this reference to Stigand as other than suggesting that he commanded special control of the monastery in 1066’ (Crick 2007: 29). In addition, Domesday Book reveals that Stigand and two of his men leased estates in Hertfordshire from St Albans: Redbourn ‘belonged and belongs to the Church of St Alban; Archbishop Stigand held it on the day of King Edward's death, but he could not alienate it from the church’ (GDB 135d (Hertfordshire 10:10)); and Ælfric and Godric, both Stigand’s men, held estates at Shephall and Napley respectively from abbey without power of alienation (GDB 133b (Hertfordshire 2:3); 135d (Hertfordshire 10:11)). The evidence thus combines to suggest that Stigand exploited whatever influence he exercised over St Albans to secure loans of property both for himself and for his men.

(iv) Abingdon

According to the Abingdon Historia, Stigand persuaded Abbot Spearhafoc to loan him the estate of South Cerney in Gloucestershire, promising to give his own vill at Aston near Lewknor to Abingdon in perpetuity when he restored Cerney to the abbey, but Stigand subsequently failed to honour this agreement (Hudson 2002−7: vol. i, 196). The same text goes on to say that Spearhafoc was promoted to become bishop London in the year this agreement was made, and by doing so implies a charge of simony against Stigand. The Domesday entry for South Cerney confirms that Abingdon disputed Stigand’s tenure: ‘This manor is claimed for the church of St Mary of Abingdon, but the whole shire bore witness that Archbishop Stigand had held it for 10 years while King Edward was alive. Earl William gave this manor to Roger the sheriff, the father of Walter’ (GDB 169a (Gloucestershire 56:2)). Spearhafoc was appointed to, and expelled from, the bishopric of London in 1051 (ASC C s.a. 1050, D s.a. 1051), 16 years before Edward’s death, so it is difficult to reconcile the chronology of these two sources.

(v) Bath

A document preserved in the Bath archive, which is written in Old English and datable 1061 x 1065, records that Abbot Ælfwig of Bath gave Stigand a life lease of Tidenham in Gloucestershire in return for an annual render of one mark of gold, 6 porpoises and thirty thousand herrings (S 1426). The corresponding entry in Domesday Book records that Tidenham was a large estate, assessed at 30 hides and worth £25; that the abbot of Bath ‘had (habuit)’ it; that it did not render dues except for the monks’ supplies; that Archbishop Stigand was holding it when Earl William received it; and that King William held it in 1086 (GDB 164a (Gloucestershire 1:56)). This complex formulation suggests that the abbey of Bath registered its claim to the estate during the Domesday survey.

(v) Other religious houses

The ‘autobiography’ of Bishop Giso of Wells (1061−1088) claims that his predecessor Bishop Dudoc (1033−1060) bequeathed to St Andrew’s Wells certain properties including the church of St Oswald’s, Gloucester, but that this bequest was later frustrated by Archbishop Stigand who persuaded King Edward to grant it to him instead (Hunter 1840: 15−6, 18; Keynes 1997: 264−5, 266−7; Barlow 1963: 75 n. 5). Domesday Book records that Stigand held 3 hides at Swindon, which are described as ‘the land of St Oswald’s, Gloucester’ though held by Archbishop Thomas in 1086 (GDB 164c (Gloucestershire 2:5)). In addition, Domesday Book records that Stigand held 1 sulung at Deal in Kent which was held by the canons of St Martin of Dover in 1086 (GDB 1d (Kent M:14); that he held 1 carucate at Taverham, Norfolk, ‘under’ the church of St Michael of Norwich (LDB 201b (Norfolk 10a:1)); and that he held 1.5 hides at Yavington in Hampshire, which ‘was and is’ of the nunnery of St Mary’s, Winchester, and was for the nuns’ supplies in 1086 (GDB 43d (Hampshire 14:6)). It is conceivable that some of these estates formed part of Stigand’s patrimonial or personal holding, and that he granted them to the religious houses in question in the form of post-obitum gifts; but in view of the foregoing, it seems more likely that Stigand gained and retained them against the wishes of the communities in question.

(vi) Elmham, Winchester and Canterbury

By contrast with the relatively abundant evidence that Stigand exploited the estates of other religious houses for his own gain, there is remarkably little evidence that he protected or augmented the endowments of those where he held office. An entry in the Norfolk Domesday records that he acquired one estate for Elmham in dubious circumstances: ‘Hemsby was held by Earl Ælfgar TRE and Alwig bought it. Stigand took it from him and gave it to his brother, Æthelmær, but the Hundred does not know by what right. Thenceforth it was in the bishopric’ (LDB 195a (Norfolk 10:30)). On the other hand, Little Domesday also records that Stigand held a large manor at Mileham, which was assessed at 10 carucates and worth £30 TRE and £60 TRW, and which lay less than four miles away from Elmham. The point cannot be proven, but the suspicion remains that Stigand despoiled it from Elmham (Smith 1994: 209). There are no known gifts in favour of either the Old Minster, Winchester, datable to Stigand’s period in office, but alienations are known. As we have seen, the Old Minster archive preserves three documents recording leases of Winchester property agreed by Stigand. In addition, Domesday Book records that ‘Abbot Alsi’ held Banbury in Hampshire ‘from Stigand from the monks, and it was for their supplies’: the abbot in question was presumably Æthelsige, the abbot of St Augustine’s whom Stigand consecrated in 1061  (GDB 41d (Hampshire 3:15)). There is also a cryptic Domesday entry which suggests that Stigand expropriated a large estate at East Meon in Hampshire, which assessed at 72 hides and worth £60 TRE: ‘Archbishop Stigand held it TRE, for the use of the monks, and had it afterwards as long as he lived’. The fact that King William held the estate in 1086 suggests that it was treated as one of Stigand’s personal holdings at that date (GDB 38b (Hampshire 1:16)). The Canterbury evidence points in a similar direction. Apart from a royal writ confirming Stigand’s elevation, there are no recorded grants in favour of Stigand or Christ Church from Edward the Confessor; and although two documents record grants to Christ Church dating to Stigand’s archiepiscopate, there is no indication that Stigand played any role in obtaining them (S 1088, 1090, 1234; Brooks 1984: 307−8). In addition, to judge from the Domesday Monachorum and reports on the pleas held at Penenden Heath, Stigand made no attempt to recover certain estates which had been alienated by Archbishop Eadsige to Earl Godwine (Fleming 1991: 81 n. 111).

All this must be set alongside evidence that Stigand made lavish gifts in the form of precious objects to certain religious houses. Thus, Stigand is said to have given several precious objects to Ely, including a great cross covered in silver bearing a life-sized image of Christ (Blake 1962: 168). He was also remembered at St Augustine’s, Canterbury, for the gift of a large cross, covered with silver, erected in the nave of the church above the screen (Davis 1934: 47); at Bury for the gift of a great crucifix together with images of the virgin Mary and John the Baptist decorated in gold and silver (Greenway and Sayers 1989: 6); and at Winchester for the gift of another crucifixion group beautifully adorned with gold and silver, paid for from gifts of Queen Emma (Luard 1864−69: ii. 25, 29−30). In addition, the Vita Willibrordi, a late twelfth-century life written at Echternach, records that Stigand visited there leaving lavish gifts of ‘gold and silver metals and precious stones’ (Poncelet 1916: cap 29). This is all late evidence, but its consistency is cumulatively persuasive: it looks very much as if Stigand made a habit of making ostentatious gifts of precious objects, especially richly decorated crucifixion groups, to the religious houses he favoured.

There is, finally, evidence that Stigand continued to accumulate property between 1066 and his death in 1072. Thus we learn that free man held 1 carucate at Seething sub Stigand, and that ‘after King William came into England Stigand himself annexed this’ (LDB 140a (Norfolk 1:230)); that a free man of Stigand named Beorhthere held 20 acres at Occold TRE which Stigand gave to Robert Malet's mother who later held it from the queen’ (LDB 450a (Suffolk 77:1)); that Earl Harold held a fishery at Mortlake TRE, and that ‘Archbishop Stigand had it a long while TRW’ (GDB 30d (Surrey 2:3)); and that Stigand held East Meon in Hampshire − an estate formerly earmarked for the supplies of the monks of the Old Minster − ‘for a long as he lived’ (GDB 38b (Hampshire 1:16)).

Even once full allowance is made for Stigand’s posthumous reputation, it is apparent that he was extraordinarily adept at accumulating property for himself, and much less so at attending to the endowments of the religious houses under his command. As a result, Stigand’s deposition and death gave King William a substantial windfall of property to dispose of. The table below identifies the beneficiaries of this process.

Table 5. Stigands’ successors: people who in 1086 held property held by Archbishop Stigand TRE 

Successor

£ 1066

£ 1086

Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury

766.1

1250.3

Walkelin, bishop of Winchester

609.5

902.5

Subtotal

1375.5

2152.8

William, king

322.6

525.8

Odo, bishop of Bayeux

112.0

168.0

Roger de Beaumont

66.0

55.0

Thomas, archbishop of York

33.0

31.5

Ralph de Limésy

20.0

16.0

Walter fitzRoger

16.0

12.0

Hugh, earl

16.0

30.0

Paul, abbot of St Albans

16.0

30.0

Ralph de L’Isle

16.0

29.7

unnamed wife of Richard fitzGilbert

15.5

15.0

Gilbert, abbot of Caen Saint-Étienne

9.0

10.0

Adelize de Grandmesnil

6.4

3.6

Richard Puignant

6.0

8.0

Ralph the crossbowman

5.0

5.3

Eustace, count

4.7

3.3

Godwine Haldein

4.6

4.6

Unnamed canons of Dover in 1086

4.5

5.1

Ralph de Beaufour

4.2

5.2

Roger Bigod

2.0

2.5

Alice, abbess of Winchester

1.3

1.3

Roger de Lacy

1.0

1.0

unnamed clerks of Norwich St Michael

1.0

1.0

William d’Eu

0.5

0.5

Robert, bishop of Chester

0.2

0.2

Robert, count of Mortain

0.0

0.0

Subtotal

683.3

964.6

Total

2,058.8

3,117.4

Stigand’s lordships

The map below and tables which follow illustrate the scale and distribution of the estates held by those who were connected to Stigand through lordship.

Figure 2. Map of Stigand’s lordships 

Table 6. Stigand’s lordships

Canterbury

Winchester

Other

Total

Shire

F

£p

F

£p

f

£p

f

£p

Bedfordshire

0

0

0

0

2

2

2

2

Berkshire

0

0

20

16

2

2

22

18

Buckinghamshire

30

16

19

12

20

16

69

44

Cambridgeshire

0

0

0

1

14

28

14

29

Dorset

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Essex

32

63

0

0

0

0

32

63

Gloucestershire

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Hampshire

0

0

452

489

9

13

461

502

Hertfordshire

2

4

0

0

70

138

72

142

Kent

126

358

0

0

1

11

127

369

Middlesex

0

0

0

0

3

3

3

3

Norfolk

0

0

0

0

216

153

216

153

Northamptonshire

0

0

0

0

2

0

2

0

Oxfordshire

0

0

0

0

3

6

3

6

Somerset

0

0

9

8

0

0

9

8

Suffolk

10

29

0

0

37

53

47

82

Surrey

59

22

0

0

0

0

59

22

Sussex

50

36

0

0

2

1

52

37

Wiltshire

0

0

188

155

0

0

188

155

Total

308

528

688

680

379

425

1,376

1,633

Of which assigned for the supplies of the monks of Canterbury and Winchester:

Canterbury

Winchester

Other

Total

Shire

F

£p

f

£p

f

£p

f

£p

Bedfordshire

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Berkshire

0

0

20

16

0

0

20

16

Buckinghamshire

0

0

19

12

0

0

19

12

Cambridgeshire

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Dorset

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Essex

32

63

0

0

0

0

32

63

Gloucestershire

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Hampshire

0

0

305

321

0

0

305

321

Hertfordshire

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Kent

114

313

0

0

0

0

114

313

Middlesex

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Norfolk

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Northamptonshire

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Oxfordshire

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Somerset

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Suffolk

7

27

0

0

0

0

7

27

Surrey

59

22

0

0

0

0

59

22

Sussex

40

30

0

0

0

0

40

30

Wiltshire

0

0

129

114

0

0

129

114

Total

252

455

473

463

0

0

725

918

It should be stressed that the map and tables necessarily understate the full extent of Stigand’s lordship, since Domesday Book’s record of pre-Conquest lordship is inconsistent. Only two Domesday circuits consistently record, and attempt to distinguish between, commendatory lordship, dependent land tenure and soke: circuit 3, which covered Buckinghamshire, Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire, Hertfordshire and Middlesex; and circuit 7, which covered Essex, Norfolk and Suffolk (and in this circuit, pre-Conquest lordships are recorded much less frequently in Essex). The record of pre-Conquest lordship in the other three circuits where Stigand held land was patchy. Circuit 4, which covered Northamptonshire, Leicestershire, Oxfordshire, Staffordshire, and Warwickshire often fails to identify the identity of pre-Conquest landholders, and only rarely records pre-Conquests lordships of any kind (Baxter 2007: 204−69). Circuits 1 (Berkshire, Hampshire, Kent, Surrey, and Sussex) and 2 (Cornwall, Devon, Dorset, Somerset and Wiltshire) occasionally record pre-Conquest lordships, but the formulae they use rarely make it possible clearly to differentiate between commendatory lordship and dependent land tenure.

The map and tables seek to distinguish between Stigand’s position as lord over the estates set aside for the communities of Canterbury and Winchester, and his position as lord elsewhere. Succession patterns again inform this analysis: lordships recorded in the fee of Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury, fall into the first category; those recorded in the fee of Walkelin bishop of Winchester fall into the second; and all others fall into the third. The tables also seek to differentiate the estates held from Stigand by the communities of Canterbury and Winchester from those held from him by other tenants. They reveal that the total value of the endowment of Christ Church, Canterbury was £1,309 TRE. Of this, £781 (60%) was held in demesne by Stigand, £455 (35%) was assigned for the monks’ supplies, and £73 (5%) was held from him by other tenants. The total value of the endowment of the Old Minster, Winchester is estimated at £1,262 TRE. Of this, £581 (46%) was held in demesne by Stigand, £463 (37%) was assigned for the monks’ supplies, and £217 (17%) was held from him by other tenants.

Stigand is also named as the lord of a large number of landholders whose estates did not pass to either Lanfranc or Walkelin, and who may therefore be regarded as forming part of Stigand’s ‘personal’ network of lordship. Unfortunately, Domesday Book conceals the identity of the majority of these people: Stigand is said to have exercised lordship of one kind or another over 18 anonymous thegns, 383 anonymous free men, 3 anonymous free women, and 787 anonymous sokemen (an unknown but presumably small number of these may have been the same people). Stigand was also named as the lord in a further 174 entries relating to property attributed to 90 different names. Only small minority of these (10 people, holding property worth £26 in total) are said to have lacked power to alienate their land − a formulation which suggests they held their land from Stigand in some form dependent tenure. 

Some of the entries which relate to Stigand’s lordships serve to bring out the complexity of pre-Conquest lordship arrangements generally. A small number of the men commended to Stigand are said to have owed soke to other lords such as King Edward, and Earl Gyrth (for example LDB 188b (Norfolk 9:198)). Conversely, Stigand is said to have exercised soke rights over a few men commended to other lords: for instance, one free man who held 12 acres at Harleston in Norfolk was commended to the abbot of Bury St Edmund’s but his soke lay in Stigand’s manor of Earsham (LDB 210b (Norfolk 14:21)). Some of Stigand’s commended men are also said to have held land from other lords. Two of Stigand’s men held land from St Albans which they could not alienate (GDB 133b (Hertfordshire 2:3); 135d (Hertfordshire 10:11)); and some of Stigand’s men appear to have held land from his brother, Bishop Æthelmær (for example LDB 379b (Suffolk 19:1)). It occasionally emerges that members of the same family were commended to different lords. At Charlton in Middlesex there were five hides: ‘Two brothers held this manor. One was the man of Archbishop Stigand, the other the man of Earl Leofwine. They could sell it to whom they would, but the soke belonged to Staines’. Staines was held by the abbot of St Peter’s, Westminster TRE (GDB 128b, 130c (Middlesex 4,5; 18:1)). In an extreme case we encounter a married couple associated with three different lords: ‘Blæcmann was Eadric's man; he had commendation over him and the king had the soke; but that man's wife was Bishop Stigand's man and he had commendation over the woman’ (LDB 313a (Norfolk 6:93)).

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