PASE: Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England


[Image: Excerpt from the Domesday Book]
[Image: Durham Liber Vitae, folio 38r (extract)]

Brun 25 Brun ‘of Clifton’ (Yorks. WR), fl. 1066

Author: CPL
Editorial Status: 4 of 5

  Discussion of the name  


Brun 25 was a small landowner in the southern part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, with a single holding of ½ carucate among the sokelands of Earl Harold’s manor of Conisborough. Brun himself was probably a king’s thegn.

Distribution map of property and lordships associated with this name in DB

List of property and lordships associated with this name in DB

Holder 1066

Shire Phil. ref. Vill Holder 1066 DB Spelling Holder 1066 Lord 1066 Tenant-in-Chief 1086 1086 subtenant Fiscal value 1066 value 1086 value Holder 1066 ID conf. Show on map
Yorkshire CW8 Clifton Brune Brun 'of Clifton' - William, king - 0.50 0.00 0.00 A Map
Total               0.50 0.00 0.00  


The three small rural estates in Yorkshire entered with the name Brun were too far apart for it to be at all likely that they belonged to the same person.

Brun 25 is mentioned in connection with Clifton, which was attached to Earl Harold’s great soke centre of Conisborough, a mile from the latter on the relatively fertile limestone belt. The main entry for Conisborough notes only that there were 3 carucates of sokeland at Clifton and gives their resources in 1086 (Yorks. 12W:1, 3), but DB’s list of Claims in the West Riding shows that 4 bovates at Clifton were actually held by Brun and 2 carucates by Siward, omitting the other 4 bovates because they had not been in dispute (Yorks. CW:7–8). Brun’s land had come into the hands of William de Warenne, lord of Conisborough in 1086, but were adjudged by the men of Strafforth wapentake to belong to the king’s demesne (ad opus regis in dominio). Warenne had succeeded to Earl Harold’s rights at Conisborough (and indeed the wapentake adjudged Siward’s land at Clifton to be his, against a claim by Roger de Busli), so the judgement probably means that Brun had been a king’s thegn who happened to hold land which was attached to Harold’s soke centre.

The DB spelling Brune probably means that Brun 25 had the variant of the name conventionally spelled Bruna.

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