PASE: Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England


[Image: Excerpt from the Domesday Book]
[Image: Durham Liber Vitae, folio 38r (extract)]

Brun 15 Brun ‘of Buckhorn Weston’ (Dors.), fl. 1066

Author: CPL
Editorial Status: 4 of 5

  Discussion of the name  


Brun 15 was a minor thegn in Wessex, with two manors together assessed at 6 hides and worth £4.

Distribution map of property and lordships associated with this name in DB

List of property and lordships associated with this name in DB

Holder 1066

Shire Phil. ref. Vill Holder 1066 DB Spelling Holder 1066 Lord 1066 Tenant-in-Chief 1086 1086 subtenant Fiscal value 1066 value 1086 value Holder 1066 ID conf. Show on map
Dorset 26,1 Buckhorn Weston Bruno Brun 'of Buckhorn Weston' - Robert, count of Mortain Hamon 'of Buckhorn Weston' 3.50 2.00 3.50 A Map
Somerset 45,3 Babcary Bruno Brun 'of Buckhorn Weston' - Humphrey the chamberlain - 2.50 2.00 2.50 A Map
Total               6.00 4.00 6.00  


Brun 15 is identified first by the fact that these two manors, about 14 miles apart, were isolated by scores of miles from the nearest estates of any other Brun. In addition, the only other landowner at both places was called Godric (Godric). The 7 hides of Buckhorn Weston were reported in GDB to be held by Godric and Brun in parage as two manors. At Babcary there were separate manors, each of 2½ hides and 3 ploughlands, held freely by Godric (Som. 19:66) and Brun. Probably if Exon had survived for Buckhorn Weston it would show that Godric’s and Brun’s manors there were assessed equally too. Both parts of Buckhorn Weston and Godric’s manor at Babcary passed after the Conquest to Robert, count of Mortain; Brun’s manor instead went to Humphrey the chamberlain, but both Exon (466r.) and GDB explain that ‘This was added to Beorhtric’s lands’, meaning the magnate Beorhtric son of Ælfgar (Beorhtric), whose extensive property had gone in the first place to Humphrey’s mistress Queen Matilda. Finally, the common spelling Bruno also links these two estates, and probably indicated that their owner’s name was the form normalized as Bruna.

Both Weston and Babcary are on the undulating fertile lias plain around Ilchester.

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