PASE: Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England

Domesday

[Image: Excerpt from the Domesday Book]
[Image: Durham Liber Vitae, folio 38r (extract)]

John


Author: CPL
Editorial Status: unknown

Discussion of the name

John is the medieval and modern English form of the biblical name rendered Johannes or Iohannes in Latin texts, including Domesday Book. It first arrived in England with the Gregorian mission (PASE: John 5) and was used in clerical circles to some degree both in the pre-Viking period (e.g. PASE: John 18, 19, and 22) and in the tenth and eleventh centuries (Searle 1897: 319), probably as a name taken in religion by men who had been christened with Old English names from the usual repertoire. Most of the persons called John who figure in Anglo-Saxon history were popes and other clerics and monks from the Continent. As with other biblical names, John was not used among the English laity, unless it was the name behind Johannan, a slave at Faccombe (Hants) freed by his mistress in the late tenth or early eleventh century (PASE: Johanna 1; S 1539).

Other than the abbot of Fécamp, all the pre-Conquest instances of John in DB seem to be one person, John the Dane. It is almost as surprising to find it as the name of a Danish layman as it would be of an Englishman.

Bibliography

Searle 1897: William George Searle, Onomasticon Anglo-Saxonicum: A List of Anglo-Saxon Proper Names from the Time of Beda to that of King John (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1897)

Forms of the name

Spellings in Domesday Book: Johannes

Spellings in Exon: Iohannes

Forms in modern scholarship:

  von Feilitzen head forms: Johannes

  Phillimore edition: John

  Alecto edition: John

Distribution map of property and lordships associated with this name in DB

List of property and lordships associated with this name in DB

Holder 1066

Shire Phil. ref. Vill Holder 1066 DB Spelling Holder 1066 Lord 1066 Tenant-in-Chief 1086 1086 subtenant Fiscal value 1066 value 1086 value Holder 1066 ID conf. Show on map
Devon 17,22 North Bovey Johannes John the Dane - Judhael of Totnes Turgis 'of Bovey' 1.75 2.00 2.00 C Map
Devon 17,33 Thurlestone Johannes John the Dane - Judhael of Totnes - 1.75 4.00 3.00 C Map
Dorset 46,1 Milborne St Andrew Johannes John the Dane - Matthew de Mortagne - 5.00 5.00 5.00 A Map
Dorset 46,2 Owermoigne Johannes John the Dane - Matthew de Mortagne - 9.75 10.00 10.00 A Map
Gloucestershire 73,2 Shipton Moyne Johannes John the Dane - Matthew de Mortagne Rumbald 'of Shipton Moyne' 10.00 15.00 8.00 A Map
Somerset 6,14 Yatton Johannes John the Dane - Giso, bishop of Wells - 10.00 6.00 6.00 A Map
Somerset 6,14 Yatton John the Dane - Giso, bishop of Wells Fastrad 5.00 1.00 4.00 A Map
Somerset 6,14 Yatton John the Dane - Giso, bishop of Wells Ildebert 'of Milton Clevedon' 3.00 3.00 5.00 A Map
Somerset 6,14 Yatton John the Dane - Giso, bishop of Wells Bentelin the archdeacon 1.00 1.00 1.00 A Map
Somerset 44,1 Clevedon Johannes John the Dane - Matthew de Mortagne Ildebert 'of Milton Clevedon' 5.63 2.00 4.00 A Map
Sussex 5,1 Rye John, abbot of Fécamp Edward, king William, abbot of Fécamp - 17.00 34.00 50.00 - Map
Sussex 5,1 Rye John, abbot of Fécamp Edward, king William, abbot of Fécamp Robert of Hastings 2.50 0.00 1.83 - Map
Sussex 5,1 Rye John, abbot of Fécamp Edward, king William, abbot of Fécamp Herolf 0.50 0.00 0.37 - Map
Total               72.88 83.00 100.20  

Lord 1066

Shire Phil. ref. Vill Lord 1066 DB Spelling Holder 1066 Lord 1066 Tenant-in-Chief 1086 1086 subtenant Fiscal value 1066 value 1086 value Lord 1066 ID conf. Show on map
Devon 17,33 Thurlestone Johannes 1 thegn John Judhael of Totnes 1 knight 0.25 0.25 0.50 C Map
Herefordshire 10,19 Bullinghope Johannes Alnoth 'of Bullinghope' John the sheriff Roger de Lacy - 2.00 2.50 2.50 E Map
Somerset 6,14 Yatton Æthelrun 'of Yatton' John the Dane Giso, bishop of Wells Ildebert 'of Milton Clevedon' 1.00 1.00 0.00 A Map
Total               3.25 3.75 3.00  

Tenant-in-Chief 1086 demesne estates (no subtenants)

Shire Phil. ref. Vill TIC DB Spelling Holder 1066 Lord 1066 Tenant-in-Chief 1086 1086 subtenant Fiscal value 1066 value 1086 value TIC ID conf. Show on map
Cambridgeshire 35,1 Fulbourn Sigar, steward of Esgar the staller Edward, king John fitzWaleran - 3.00 6.00 6.00 - Map
Cambridgeshire 35,1 Fulbourn Leofric 'of Fulbourn' Ælfgar, earl John fitzWaleran - 2.00 4.00 4.00 - Map
Cambridgeshire 35,1 Fulbourn 3 sokemen Eadgifu the fair John fitzWaleran - 1.00 2.00 2.00 - Map
Cambridgeshire 35,2 Teversham Eadsige 'of Teversham' Ælfgar, earl John fitzWaleran - 1.25 0.10 0.07 - Map
Cambridgeshire 35,2 Teversham Suneman 'of Teversham' Ælfgar, earl John fitzWaleran - 0.50 0.10 0.07 - Map
Dorset 57,10 Winterborne Johannes Alweald 'of Winterborne' - John the usher - 2.38 2.00 2.00 - Map
Essex 40,5 Bures Tosti 'of Bures' - John fitzWaleran - 0.13 0.30 0.30 - Map
Essex 40,9 Aveley Swein Swart - John fitzWaleran - 3.50 8.00 5.00 - Map
Essex 40,9 Aveley Wulfsige 'of Aveley' - John fitzWaleran - 0.50 0.50 0.35 - Map
Essex 65,1 Elsenham Mærwynn 'of Elsenham' - John nephew of Waleran - 4.00 6.00 8.00 - Map
Norfolk 49,1 Ringstead Bovi 'of Ringstead' - John nephew of Waleran - 0.00 4.00 6.00 - Map
Norfolk 49,2 Hunstanton Bovi 'of Ringstead' - John nephew of Waleran - 0.00 1.00 2.00 - Map
Norfolk 49,2 Hunstanton 1 sokeman Bovi 'of Ringstead' John nephew of Waleran - 0.04 0.00 0.00 - Map
Norfolk 49,3 Carbrooke Ælfhere 'of Tunstead' - John nephew of Waleran - 4.50 0.00 0.00 - Map
Norfolk 49,3 Carbrooke 24 sokemen Ælfhere 'of Tunstead' John nephew of Waleran - 1.00 0.00 0.00 - Map
Norfolk 49,6 Brettenham 2 free men Baldwin, abbot of Bury St Edmunds John nephew of Waleran - 0.16 0.00 0.00 - Map
Norfolk 49,6 Brettenham 1 free man Wulfric, abbot of Ely John nephew of Waleran - 0.25 0.00 0.00 - Map
Norfolk 49,6 Brettenham 1 free man Baldwin, abbot of Bury St Edmunds John nephew of Waleran - 2.00 3.00 2.00 - Map
Norfolk 49,7 Saxlingham Styrcar, housecarl of King Edward Edward, king John nephew of Waleran - 0.25 1.00 0.65 - Map
Norfolk 49,8 Thurton Ketil Alder Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury John nephew of Waleran - 0.07 0.10 0.05 - Map
Norfolk 49,9 Walpole 1 free man - John nephew of Waleran - 0.50 0.20 0.25 - Map
Somerset 46,6 Pignes Johannes Beorhtric 'of Pignes' - John the usher - 1.25 2.00 1.50 - Map
Somerset 46,10 Wigborough Johannes Alweard 'of Wigborough' - John the usher - 2.00 1.00 1.50 - Map
Somerset 46,11 Huntstile Johannes Ælfweard 'of Huntstile' - John the usher - 0.06 0.50 1.00 - Map
Somerset 46,11 Huntstile Ælfweard 'of Huntstile' Edward, king John the usher - 0.19 0.25 0.25 - Map
Suffolk 55,1 Bures Tosti 'of Bures' Edward, king John fitzWaleran - 1.00 1.00 1.00 - Map
Suffolk 55,1 Bures 2 free men Harold, earl John fitzWaleran - 0.50 0.20 0.25 - Map
Suffolk 55,1 Bures Wulfric son of Beorhtric Edward, king John fitzWaleran - 2.00 3.00 2.00 - Map
Wiltshire 68,18 Alton Johannes - - John the usher - 3.00 0.00 3.00 - Map
Wiltshire 68,19 Barford St Martin Idem Ælfric 'of Barford St Martin' - John the usher - 0.50 0.50 0.50 - Map
Total               37.53 46.75 49.74  

Tenant-in-Chief 1086 subtenanted estates

Shire Phil. ref. Vill TIC DB Spelling Holder 1066 Lord 1066 Tenant-in-Chief 1086 1086 subtenant Fiscal value 1066 value 1086 value TIC ID conf. Show on map
Essex 40,1 Notley Harold, earl - John fitzWaleran John fitzErnucion 4.25 7.00 6.00 - Map
Essex 40,2 Great Saling 1 free man - John fitzWaleran Thurstan Guiscard 0.50 3.00 3.00 - Map
Essex 40,3 Little Maplestead Grim 'of Curling Tye' - John fitzWaleran Osmund 'of Maplestead' 0.50 2.00 1.50 - Map
Essex 40,4 Henny 1 free man - John fitzWaleran Roger 'the man of John fitzWaleran' 2.50 2.00 2.50 - Map
Essex 40,6 Fyfield Leofric 'of Fyfield' - John fitzWaleran Roger 'the man of John fitzWaleran' 1.75 5.00 7.00 - Map
Essex 40,7 Fyfield Alstan 'of Fyfield' - John fitzWaleran Roger 'the man of John fitzWaleran' 0.25 1.00 1.00 - Map
Essex 40,8 High Ongar Leofric 'of Fyfield' - John fitzWaleran Roger 'the man of John fitzWaleran' 0.75 2.00 2.00 - Map
Essex 90,46 Henny 7 free men - John fitzWaleran Roger 'of Henny' 0.59 0.50 0.50 - Map
Essex B3p Colchester 2 burgesses 'of Colchester' - John fitzWaleran Thurstan Guiscard 0.50 0.50 0.25 - Map
Norfolk 49,4 Griston Ælfhere 'of Tunstead' - John nephew of Waleran Osbert 'of Griston' 1.00 7.00 7.00 - Map
Norfolk 49,5 West Carbrooke 1 free man Edward, king John nephew of Waleran Osbert 'of Griston' 0.33 0.50 0.50 - Map
Norfolk 49,6 Brettenham 1 free man - John nephew of Waleran William 'of Brettenham' 2.00 3.00 3.00 - Map
Somerset 46,7 Perry Idem Johannes Ordgar 'of Clayhill' - John the usher Robert 'the man of John the usher' 0.53 0.50 0.75 - Map
Somerset 46,8 Newton Johannes Sæmær 'of Cannington' - John the usher Stable 'of Newton' 0.50 0.50 0.75 - Map
Somerset 46,9 Cannington Johannes Sæmær 'of Cannington' - John the usher Robert 'the man of John the usher' 0.50 0.75 1.00 - Map
Wiltshire 68,18 Alton - - John the usher Thurstan the chamberlain 1.00 0.00 1.00 - Map
Wiltshire 68,18 Alton - - John the usher Frawin 'of Alton' 1.00 0.00 1.00 - Map
Total               18.45 35.25 38.75  

Subtenant in 1086

Shire Phil. ref. Vill Subtenant DB Spelling Holder 1066 Lord 1066 Tenant-in-Chief 1086 1086 subtenant Fiscal value 1066 value 1086 value Subtenant ID conf. Show on map
Derbyshire 6,62 Rodsley Brun 'of Rodsley' - Henry de Ferrers John 'of Rodsley' 1.50 4.00 1.00 - Map
Derbyshire 6,63 Osleston Earnwig 'of Osleston' - Henry de Ferrers John 'of Rodsley' 0.75 1.50 1.00 - Map
Derbyshire 6,63 Osleston Leofwine Cild - Henry de Ferrers John 'of Rodsley' 0.75 1.50 1.00 - Map
Dorset 10,2 Boveridge Johannes Beorhtric son of Ælfgar - Gerald, abbot of Cranborne John the usher 0.63 0.63 0.63 - Map
Dorset 10,4 Leftisford Johannes Abbot of Cranborne - Gerald, abbot of Cranborne John the usher 0.50 0.75 0.75 - Map
Essex 24,24 Canewdon Robert fitzWimarc - Swein of Essex John 'of Pudsey Hall' 0.12 1.00 1.00 - Map
Essex 24,34 Pudsey Hall 1 free man - Swein of Essex John 'of Pudsey Hall' 1.75 2.00 2.00 - Map
Essex 40,1 Notley Harold, earl - John fitzWaleran John fitzErnucion 4.25 7.00 6.00 - Map
Essex B1 Colchester Iohannes Godric of Colchester - William, king John fitzWaleran 0.00 0.00 0.00 - Map
Essex B1 Greenstead Iohannes Godric of Colchester - William, king John fitzWaleran 1.00 1.50 1.50 - Map
Essex B3p Colchester Iohannes - William, king John fitzWaleran 0.50 0.50 0.25 - Map
Gloucestershire 1,44 Twyning Johannes 4 villans Beorhtric son of Ælfgar William, king John the chamberlain 2.00 1.40 1.40 - Map
Gloucestershire 1,44 Twyning Johannes 1 thegn Beorhtric son of Ælfgar William, king John the chamberlain 0.50 0.35 0.35 - Map
Gloucestershire 1,50 Fairford Johannes Beorhtric son of Ælfgar - William, king John the chamberlain 4.00 9.00 9.00 - Map
Huntingdonshire 2,6 Orton Waterville Leofric 'of Orton Waterville' - Remigius, bishop of Lincoln John 'of Orton' 3.25 1.00 0.50 - Map
Huntingdonshire 2,7 Stilton Tovi 'of Stilton' - Remigius, bishop of Lincoln John 'of Orton' 2.00 2.00 2.00 - Map
Huntingdonshire 19,4 Orton Waterville Edward, king - Eustace the sheriff John 'of Orton' 8.25 2.00 1.00 - Map
Huntingdonshire 19,5 Orton Waterville Edward, king - Eustace the sheriff John 'of Orton' 2.25 2.00 2.00 - Map
Leicestershire 14,26 Woodcote - - Henry de Ferrers John 'of Woodcote' 2.00 0.10 0.50 - Map
Lincolnshire 34,24 Coleby in West Halton Wege 'of Wolmersley' - Erneis de Buron John 'of Orton' 1.06 1.00 1.25 - Map
Lincolnshire 34,24 Coleby in West Halton Barth 'of Coleby' - Erneis de Buron John 'of Orton' 1.06 1.00 1.25 - Map
Lincolnshire 34,25 Walcot in Alkborough Wege 'of Wolmersley' - Erneis de Buron John 'of Orton' 0.38 0.00 0.00 - Map
Lincolnshire 34,25 Walcot in Alkborough Barth 'of Coleby' - Erneis de Buron John 'of Orton' 0.38 0.00 0.00 - Map
Norfolk 15,12 Rushford Wulfric, abbot of Ely - Simeon, abbot of Ely John nephew of Waleran 1.50 1.00 0.40 - Map
Norfolk 15,12 Rushford 1 sokeman Wulfric, abbot of Ely Simeon, abbot of Ely John nephew of Waleran 0.02 1.00 0.40 - Map
Norfolk 15,12 Rushford Wulfric 'of Rushford' Wulfric, abbot of Ely Simeon, abbot of Ely John nephew of Waleran 0.50 0.50 0.25 - Map
Norfolk 17,18 Saxlingham Eadric the steersman Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Ælfweald, abbot of St Benet of Hulme John nephew of Waleran 1.50 2.00 1.50 - Map
Northamptonshire 48,13 Weston Favell - - Gunfrid de Chocques John 'of Weston Favell' 0.13 0.00 0.00 - Map
Somerset 2,8 Taunton Johannes Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury - Walkelin, bishop of Winchester John the usher 2.13 1.00 1.50 - Map
Somerset 6,7 Wellington Johannes Giso, bishop of Wells - Giso, bishop of Wells John the usher 2.00 1.00 1.00 - Map
Somerset 8,26 Whatley Johannes Æthelnoth, abbot of Glastonbury - Thurstan, abbot of Glastonbury John the usher 1.00 0.75 0.75 - Map
Somerset 21,32 Edstock Johannes Ulf 'Devonman' - Roger de Courseulles John the usher 0.25 0.50 0.60 - Map
Surrey 19,9 Woldingham Wulfstan 'of Woldingham' Edward, king Richard fitzGilbert John 'of Buckland' 8.00 4.00 4.00 - Map
Surrey 19,14 Buckland Æthelnoth Cild Edward, king Richard fitzGilbert John 'of Buckland' 5.00 5.00 8.00 - Map
Surrey 19,17 Walton on the Hill Alwine 'of Bletchingley' Edward, king Richard fitzGilbert John 'of Buckland' 5.00 2.00 2.00 - Map
Surrey 19,17 Walton on the Hill Leofhelm 'of Pangdean' Edward, king Richard fitzGilbert John 'of Buckland' 5.00 2.00 2.00 - Map
Surrey 19,17 Walton on the Hill Coleman 'of Walton on the Hill' Edward, king Richard fitzGilbert John 'of Buckland' 5.00 2.00 2.00 - Map
Surrey 19,29 East Molesey Ælfric 'of East Molesey' Edward, king Richard fitzGilbert John 'of Buckland' 3.50 3.00 3.00 - Map
Surrey 19,30 East Molesey Wulfweard 'of Chelsham' Edward, king Richard fitzGilbert John 'of Buckland' 1.00 0.25 0.25 - Map
Yorkshire 24W18 Newsome Farm Arni 'of Newsome Farm' - Erneis de Buron John 'of Orton' 2.00 1.00 0.00 - Map
Yorkshire 25W24 Kirk Hammerton Thorkil 'of Kirk Hammerton' - Osbern d'Arques John 'of Kirk Hammerton' 2.17 1.30 0.75 - Map
Yorkshire 25W24 Kirk Hammerton Gamel 'of Kirk Hammerton' - Osbern d'Arques John 'of Kirk Hammerton' 2.17 1.30 0.75 - Map
Yorkshire 25W24 Kirk Hammerton Haldor 'of Wilton in Ormesby and Lazenby' - Osbern d'Arques John 'of Kirk Hammerton' 2.17 1.30 0.75 - Map
Total               88.92 71.13 64.28  

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