PASE: Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England

Domesday

[Image: Excerpt from the Domesday Book]
[Image: Durham Liber Vitae, folio 38r (extract)]

Austin


Author: CPL
Editorial Status: unknown

Discussion of the name

The name which DB spells Austin(us) and Augustinus has been regarded as the Latin masculine name Augustinus and an Old French diminutive Austin (von Feilitzen 1937: 169), but the presence of that name in England in 1066 would be very surprising indeed.

Despite the prestige of the Roman missionary St Augustine of Canterbury (d. 604), his name seems not to have been adopted in England even by the clergy as a religious name, let alone by lay people. Not a single instance of the name has been traced in England between St Augustine and its supposed occurrence in DB (PASE: Augustine 1–2; Austin 1).

The presence of Austinus alongside the name Turstinus at a manor in Shropshire TRE encourages the idea that it might represent a Scandinavian name, since Turstinus is certainly derived ultimately from the name normalized in Old Norse as Thorsteinn, including as its second element steinn ‘stone’ (Fellows Jensen 1968: 351). Several of the names which DB spells with Au– represent Scandinavian names in Auð– (an element of obscure meaning) (Auduid for the name normalized as ON Auðviðr; Audulf for ON Auðulfr; and Augi for ON Auðgi). When such names were written in the twelfth century they had often lost the letter –ð– altogether. Austin, then, might represent the masculine Scandinavian name which would be normalized as Auðsteinn, though such a name seems not to be recorded in England (Björkman 1910: 22–4; Fellows Jensen 1968: 37–42, 342). It would have been rendered Augustinus by people in Norman England who wrongly equated it with the late Latin name.

Both Phillimore and Alecto follow the DB spellings and render the name Austin in Shropshire and Augustine in Staffordshire and Sussex.

Bibliography

von Feilitzen 1937: Olof von Feilitzen, The Pre-Conquest Personal Names of Domesday Book, Nomina Germanica 3 (Uppsala: Almqvist and Wiksells, 1937)

Fellows Jensen 1968: Gillian Fellows Jensen, Scandinavian Personal Names in Lincolnshire and Yorkshire (Copenhagen: I Kommission hos Akademisk Forlag, 1968)

Forms of the name

Spellings in Domesday Book:

Forms in modern scholarship:

von Feilitzen head forms:

Phillimore edition:

Alecto edition:

Distribution map of property and lordships associated with this name in DB

List of property and lordships associated with this name in DB

Holder 1066

Shire Phil. ref. Vill Holder 1066 DB Spelling Holder 1066 Lord 1066 Tenant-in-Chief 1086 1086 subtenant Fiscal value 1066 value 1086 value Holder 1066 ID conf. Show on map
Shropshire 4,3,44 Cardington Austin Austin 'of Cardington, senior' - Roger, earl Reynold de Bailleul 2.50 1.00 1.00 B Map
Shropshire 4,3,44 Cardington Austin Austin 'of Cardington, junior' - Roger, earl Reynold de Bailleul 2.50 1.00 1.00 B Map
Shropshire 4,21,12 Meadowley Austinus Austin 'of Cardington, senior' - Roger, earl Helgot de Fourches 0.50 1.50 0.55 B Map
Shropshire 4,28,1 Broome Austinus Austin 'of Cardington, senior' - Roger, earl Reynold de Bailleul 0.25 0.00 0.00 B Map
Staffordshire 11,24 Barlaston Augustinus Austin 'of Cardington, senior' - Robert of Stafford Helgot de Fourches 0.50 2.00 2.00 C Map
Total               6.25 5.50 4.55  

Subtenant in 1086

Shire Phil. ref. Vill Subtenant DB Spelling Holder 1066 Lord 1066 Tenant-in-Chief 1086 1086 subtenant Fiscal value 1066 value 1086 value Subtenant ID conf. Show on map
Sussex 11,108 Strettington Augustinus Godwine 'of Lavant' - Roger, earl Austin 3.00 1.00 1.50 D Map
Total               3.00 1.00 1.50  

People of this name

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