PASE: Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England

Domesday

[Image: Excerpt from the Domesday Book]
[Image: Durham Liber Vitae, folio 38r (extract)]

Waltheof


Author: SDB
Editorial Status: unknown

Discussion of the name

According to von Feilitzen, this name derives from Old Norse Valþíofr. His view was endorsed in a subsequent article (Gordon 1935) which explores the etymology of that name. Gordon argues that the first element Val- derives ultimately from Germanic *wala- meaning ‘chosen’ or ‘beloved’; and that the second element þíofr meant ‘servant’, but was understood to carry the more specialised meaning ‘servant of a god or supernatural power’ when used in personal nomenclature. Gordon’s principal purpose was to show that the name Wealhþeow which occurs in the Beowulf poem was not formed by combining the Old English name elements wealh (meaning ‘British’ or ‘foreigner’) and þeow (meaning ‘servant’ or ‘slave’). Rather, it was formed by combining Old Norse name elements which meant literally a ‘chosen servant’ devoted to a god or to a higher power: a more plausible name for a Scandinavian queen. It follows that Waltheof should not be misconstrued as a combination of Old English wealh and þeof (meaning ‘thief’), and that it would have been an appropriate name for an Anglo-Scandinavian landholder.

The name was, however, rare in Anglo-Saxon England: PASE identifies just five people of that name other than those named in Domesday Book, and three of the former (Waltheof 1, Waltheof 4 and Waltheof 6) were almost certainly the same person, an earl who held office in Northumbria in the late tenth century, and who was the great-great-grandfather of the Waltheof 2, the earl who figures prominently in Domesday Book.

Bibliography

Gordon 1935: E. V. Gordon, ‘Wealhþeow and Related Names’, Medium Aevum 4 (1935), 169–75

Forms of the name

Spellings in Domesday Book: Wallef, Walleu, Waltef, Walteif, Walteu

Forms in modern scholarship:

  von Feilitzen head forms: Valþíofr

  Phillimore edition: Waltheof

  Alecto edition: Waltheof

Distribution map of property and lordships associated with this name in DB

List of property and lordships associated with this name in DB

Holder 1066

Shire Phil. ref. Vill Holder 1066 DB Spelling Holder 1066 Lord 1066 Tenant-in-Chief 1086 1086 subtenant Fiscal value 1066 value 1086 value Holder 1066 ID conf. Show on map
Essex 55,1 Walthamstow Wallef Waltheof, earl - Judith, countess - 10.50 15.00 28.00 A Map
Leicestershire 40,1 Oadby Wallef Waltheof, earl - Judith, countess - 9.25 2.00 3.00 A Map
Leicestershire 40,2 Peatling Magna Wallef Waltheof, earl - Judith, countess - 4.00 0.75 1.67 A Map
Leicestershire 40,3 Cosby Wallef Waltheof, earl - Judith, countess - 8.00 1.50 3.33 A Map
Leicestershire 40,4 Frolesworth Wallef Waltheof, earl - Judith, countess - 6.00 2.00 2.00 A Map
Leicestershire 40,5 Sharnford Wallef Waltheof, earl - Judith, countess - 1.00 0.13 0.13 A Map
Leicestershire 40,6 Willoughby Waterless Wallef Waltheof, earl - Judith, countess - 4.75 1.50 2.00 A Map
Leicestershire 40,7 Heather Wallef Waltheof, earl - Judith, countess - 4.00 0.07 1.00 A Map
Lincolnshire T5 Waltef Waltheof, earl - - - 0.00 0.00 0.00 - Map
Lincolnshire 34,12 Wragby Waltheof, earl - Erneis de Buron - 0.81 14.00 10.00 D Map
Lincolnshire 34,13 Hatton Waltheof, earl - Erneis de Buron - 5.00 0.00 0.00 E Map
Lincolnshire 56,14 Eagle Wallef Waltheof, earl - Judith, countess - 8.00 10.00 12.00 A Map
Lincolnshire 56,15 Thurlby Waltheof, earl - Judith, countess - 7.50 0.00 0.00 A Map
Lincolnshire 56,16 Swinderby Waltheof, earl - Judith, countess - 11.00 0.00 0.00 A Map
Lincolnshire 56,17 Exton Wallef Waltheof, earl - Judith, countess - 2.00 8.00 10.00 A Map
Lincolnshire 34,14 Collow Waltheof, earl - Erneis de Buron - 1.50 0.00 0.00 E Map
Lincolnshire 34,15 Panton Waltheof, earl - Erneis de Buron - 2.00 0.00 0.00 E Map
Lincolnshire 34,16 Hardwick Waltheof, earl - Erneis de Buron - 0.63 0.00 0.00 E Map
Lincolnshire 34,17 West Barkwith Waltheof, earl - Erneis de Buron - 2.25 0.00 0.00 E Map
Lincolnshire 34,18 East Torrington Waltheof, earl - Erneis de Buron - 2.50 0.00 0.00 E Map
Lincolnshire 34,19 Langton by Wragby Waltheof, earl - Erneis de Buron - 0.25 0.00 0.00 E Map
Lincolnshire 34,20 Fulnetby Waltheof, earl - Erneis de Buron - 3.00 0.00 0.00 E Map
Lincolnshire 34,21 Rand Waltheof, earl - Erneis de Buron - 3.00 0.00 0.00 E Map
Lincolnshire 34,22 Girsby Waltheof, earl - Erneis de Buron - 0.75 0.00 0.00 E Map
Lincolnshire 34,23 Kingthorpe Waltheof, earl - Erneis de Buron - 0.28 0.00 0.00 E Map
Lincolnshire 56,11 Market Overton Waltef Waltheof, earl - Judith, countess - 3.50 12.00 40.00 A Map
Middlesex 24,1 Tottenham Wallef Waltheof, earl - Judith, countess - 5.00 26.00 28.00 A Map
Northamptonshire 56,22 Twywell Wallef Waltheof, earl - Judith, countess - 1.50 0.50 0.50 B Map
Rutland 2,7 Market Overton and Stretton Wallef Waltheof, earl - Judith, countess - 3.50 12.00 20.00 A Map
Rutland 2,12 Exton Wallef Waltheof, earl - Judith, countess - 2.00 8.00 10.00 A Map
Wiltshire 25,8 Chalfield Wallef Waltheof 'of Chalfield' - Ernulf de Hesdin - 2.50 4.00 2.50 B Map
Yorkshire 5N55 Terrington and Wiganthorpe Walteif Waltheof, earl - Robert, count of Mortain - 3.75 0.50 0.00 E Map
Yorkshire 5N62 Crambe Waltef Waltheof, earl - Robert, count of Mortain - 4.00 0.50 1.00 E Map
Yorkshire 5N65 Whitewell-on-the-Hill Waltef Waltheof, earl - Robert, count of Mortain - 5.00 1.58 0.12 E Map
Yorkshire 5N72 North Kilvington Waltef Waltheof, earl - Robert, count of Mortain - 2.00 0.00 0.00 E Map
Yorkshire 5N75 North Lilvington and Upsall in South Kilvington andHundulthorpe Waltef Waltheof, earl - Robert, count of Mortain - 11.00 0.00 0.00 E Map
Yorkshire 5E64 Barthorpe Walteu Waltheof, earl - Robert, count of Mortain - 6.00 0.00 0.00 D Map
Yorkshire 5E65 Howsham and Sudnicton in Westow Walteu Waltheof, earl - Robert, count of Mortain - 14.00 4.00 4.00 E Map
Yorkshire 5E66 Kirkham Walteu Waltheof, earl - Robert, count of Mortain - 8.00 3.00 2.00 E Map
Yorkshire 5N36 Newsham in Amotherby Waltef Waltheof, earl - Robert, count of Mortain - 1.50 0.00 0.00 E Map
Yorkshire 5N43 Cawton Waltef Waltheof, earl - Robert, count of Mortain - 3.00 0.00 0.00 E Map
Yorkshire 5N44 Scackleton Waltef Waltheof, earl - Robert, count of Mortain - 1.50 0.00 0.00 E Map
Yorkshire 5N46 Fadmoor Waltef Waltheof, earl - Robert, count of Mortain - 5.00 0.50 0.00 E Map
Northamptonshire 56,1 Ryhall Wallef Waltheof, earl - Judith, countess - 1.50 6.00 6.00 A Map
Northamptonshire 56,1 Belmesthorpe Wallef Waltheof, earl - Judith, countess - 1.50 0.00 0.00 A Map
Northamptonshire 56,2 Ashley Wallef Waltheof, earl - Judith, countess - 0.33 0.27 0.27 A Map
Northamptonshire 56,3 Sutton Bassett Wallef Waltheof, earl - Judith, countess - 0.67 0.53 0.53 A Map
Northamptonshire 56,4 Weston by Welland Wallef Waltheof, earl - Judith, countess - 1.33 1.07 1.07 A Map
Northamptonshire 56,5 Dingley Wallef Waltheof, earl - Judith, countess - 1.38 0.33 0.33 A Map
Northamptonshire 56,6 Brampton Ash Wallef Waltheof, earl - Judith, countess - 1.00 0.27 0.27 A Map
Northamptonshire 56,21 Daventry Waltheof, earl - Judith, countess - 8.00 3.00 8.00 D Map
Northamptonshire 56,22 Twywell Wallef Waltheof, earl - Judith, countess - 1.50 0.50 0.00 A Map
Northamptonshire 56,20a Yardley Hastings Wallef Waltheof, earl - Judith, countess - 3.50 12.00 15.00 A Map
Northamptonshire 56,20b Grendon Wallef Waltheof, earl - Judith, countess - 3.25 0.00 0.00 A Map
Northamptonshire 56,20c Whiston Wallef Waltheof, earl - Judith, countess - 0.25 0.00 0.00 A Map
Northamptonshire 56,20d Denton Wallef Waltheof, earl - Judith, countess - 1.00 0.00 0.00 A Map
Northamptonshire 56,20e Hackleton Wallef Waltheof, earl - Judith, countess - 2.00 0.00 0.00 A Map
Northamptonshire 56,20f Horton Wallef Waltheof, earl - Judith, countess - 1.25 0.00 0.00 A Map
Northamptonshire 56,20g Wollaston Wallef Waltheof, earl - Judith, countess - 1.00 0.00 0.00 A Map
Northamptonshire 56,20h Brafield-on-the-Green Wallef Waltheof, earl - Judith, countess - 0.75 0.00 0.00 A Map
Northamptonshire 56,20i Quinton Wallef Waltheof, earl - Judith, countess - 0.50 0.00 0.00 A Map
Northamptonshire 56,20j Hardingtstone Wallef Waltheof, earl - Judith, countess - 2.00 0.00 0.00 A Map
Huntingdonshire B16 Huntingdon Waltheof, earl - William, king - 0.00 3.33 3.06 D Map
Huntingdonshire B17 Huntingdon Waltheof, earl - William, king - 0.00 10.00 10.00 D Map
Huntingdonshire B17 Huntingdon Waltheof, earl - William, king - 0.00 1.00 1.00 D Map
Huntingdonshire B18 Huntingdon Waltheof, earl - William, king - 2.42 0.15 0.15 D Map
Huntingdonshire B19 Huntingdon Waltheof, earl - William, king - 0.00 0.67 0.00 D Map
Northamptonshire 56,20k Yardley Hastings Waltheof, earl - Judith, countess - 0.00 0.00 0.00 - Map
Yorkshire 5E62 Rillington Waltheof, earl - Robert, count of Mortain - 2.25 0.00 0.00 - Map
Huntingdonshire 20,9 Diddington Wallef Waltheof, earl - Judith, countess Alan the steward of Countess Judith 3.00 2.00 3.00 A Map
Yorkshire 5W38 Cundall and Norton-le-Clay Wallef Waltheof, earl - Robert, count of Mortain Alfred ''of Cundall' 21.00 4.00 1.00 E Map
Derbyshire 6,58 Osmaston Wallef Waltheof, earl - Henry de Ferrers Elfin 'of Brailsford' 1.00 2.00 1.00 C Map
Derbyshire 6,40 Brailsford Wallef Waltheof, earl - Henry de Ferrers Elfin 'of Brailsford' 2.00 3.00 2.00 A Map
Derbyshire 6,41 Hollington Waltheof, earl - Henry de Ferrers Elfin 'of Brailsford' 0.19 0.00 0.00 - Map
Derbyshire 6,41 Shirley Waltheof, earl - Henry de Ferrers Elfin 'of Brailsford' 0.19 0.00 0.00 - Map
Leicestershire 14,16 Houghton-on-the-Hill Wallef Waltheof, earl - Henry de Ferrers Godric of Houghton-on-the-Hill' 9.00 1.00 1.00 - Map
Lincolnshire 56,13 Whissendine Wallef Waltheof, earl - Judith, countess Hugh de Hotot 4.00 0.00 0.00 A Map
Rutland 2,11 Whissendine Wallef Waltheof, earl - Judith, countess Hugh de Hotot 4.00 8.00 13.00 A Map
Northamptonshire B38 Northampton Waltheof, earl - William, king Judith, countess 0.00 7.00 7.00 E Map
Warwickshire 16,35 Hillmorton Wallef Waltheof 'of Shilton' - Robert, count of Meulan Merewine 'of Hillmorton' 0.50 0.50 0.50 A Map
Yorkshire 5N24 Eston Waltef Waltheof, earl - Robert, count of Mortain Richard de Sourdeval 9.00 2.00 0.00 E Map
Yorkshire 5N45 Barton-le-Street Waltef Waltheof, earl - Robert, count of Mortain Richard de Sourdeval 8.00 1.00 0.50 E Map
Yorkshire 5N76 Upsall Waltheof, earl - Robert, count of Mortain Richard de Sourdeval 0.00 0.00 0.00 - Map
Yorkshire C27 Heyworth Waltef Waltheof, earl - William, king Robert, count of Mortain 3.00 0.50 0.53 E Map
Yorkshire 10W41 Hallam Wallef Waltheof, earl - Judith, countess Roger de Bully 29.00 5.33 2.00 A Map
Warwickshire 16,37 Hillmorton Wallef Waltheof 'of Shilton' - Robert, count of Meulan Waltheof 0.50 0.75 0.50 A Map
Warwickshire 16,45 Shilton Wallef Waltheof 'of Shilton' - Robert, count of Meulan Waltheof 2.00 2.00 2.00 A Map
Total               314.48 205.73 260.96  

Lord 1066

Shire Phil. ref. Vill Lord 1066 DB Spelling Holder 1066 Lord 1066 Tenant-in-Chief 1086 1086 subtenant Fiscal value 1066 value 1086 value Lord 1066 ID conf. Show on map
Bedfordshire 40,3 Totternhoe Wallef Leofwine Cild Waltheof, earl William the chamberlain - 6.75 8.00 2.50 A Map
Cambridgeshire 13,3 Croydon Wallef Almær 'of Croydon' Waltheof, earl Roger, earl - 0.75 0.50 0.50 A Map
Cambridgeshire 13,11 Arrington Wallef 1 sokeman, man of Earl Waltheof Waltheof, earl Roger, earl - 1.00 3.14 2.57 A Map
Cambridgeshire 13,12 Kingston Wallef Almær son of Goding Waltheof, earl Roger, earl - 0.17 0.10 0.10 A Map
Huntingdonshire D12 Boughton Wallef Godric the priest, the man of Earl Waltheof Waltheof, earl Eustace the sheriff - 1.00 0.00 0.00 - Map
Huntingdonshire 19,27 Hail Weston Wallef Algeat 'of Hail Weston' Waltheof, earl Eustace the sheriff - 1.50 2.00 1.00 B Map
Huntingdonshire 19,31 Boughton Godric the priest, the man of Earl Waltheof Waltheof, earl Eustace the sheriff - 1.00 1.00 0.50 A Map
Northamptonshire 53,1 Chadstone Wallef Ulf son of Azur Waltheof, earl Drew de la Beuvrière - 1.75 1.00 2.00 A Map
Cambridgeshire 32,14 Comberton Wallef 1 sokeman, man of Earl Waltheof Waltheof, earl - - 0.38 0.75 0.00 A Map
Cambridgeshire 37,1 Comberton Wallef Akeli, the man of Earl Waltheof Waltheof, earl William de Cahagnes - 0.38 0.50 0.50 A Map
Cambridgeshire 37,2 Barton Wallef 2 sokemen Waltheof, earl William de Cahagnes - 1.63 6.50 5.20 A Map
Cambridgeshire 37,2 Barton Wallef 2 sokemen Waltheof, earl William de Cahagnes - 0.88 3.50 2.80 A Map
Cambridgeshire 38,3 Grantchester Wallef 3 sokemen Waltheof, earl Robert Fafiton - 2.00 7.27 5.09 A Map
Cambridgeshire 38,5 Dry Drayton Wallef Sægar 'of Dry Drayton' Waltheof, earl Robert Fafiton - 3.00 3.00 2.00 A Map
Cambridgeshire 39,1 Caldecote Wallef Sigar 'of Caldecote' Waltheof, earl David d'Argentan - 0.42 1.50 1.00 A Map
Cambridgeshire 39,2 Croxton Wallef 1 man Waltheof, earl David d'Argentan - 1.50 2.50 2.00 A Map
Cambridgeshire 40,1 Waterbeach Wallef 1 man Waltheof, earl 2 king's carpenters - 1.50 3.41 2.50 B Map
Cambridgeshire 43,1 Oakington Wallef Siward, the man of earl Waltheof Waltheof, earl unnamed wife of Boselin de Dives - 1.50 3.00 1.50 A Map
Cambridgeshire 44,1 Comberton Wallef 1 sokeman Waltheof, earl Erchenger the baker - 0.38 0.90 0.68 A Map
Cambridgeshire 26,35 Wratworth Wallef 1 sokeman, man of Earl Waltheof Waltheof, earl Hardwin de Scales 1 knight 0.67 2.22 1.11 A Map
Cambridgeshire 1,6 Comberton Wallef 1 sokeman Waltheof, earl William, king 1 sokeman 0.13 0.10 0.05 A Map
Bedfordshire 23,17 Aspley Guise Wallef Leofgifu 'of Aspley' Waltheof, earl Hugh de Beauchamp Acard d'Ivry 10.00 10.00 8.00 A Map
Buckinghamshire 5,10 Tyringham Wallef 1 thegn, man of Earl Waltheof Waltheof, earl Geoffrey, bishop of Coutances Ansketil 'of Tyringham' 2.50 2.79 2.33 A Map
Buckinghamshire 53,2 Weston Underwood Wallef Wulfric 'of Weston Underwood' Waltheof, earl Judith, countess Ansketil 'of Tyringham' 0.75 1.00 0.50 A Map
Cambridgeshire 26,34 Orwell Wallef 1 sokeman, man of Earl Waltheof Waltheof, earl Hardwin de Scales Durand the man of Hardwin de Scales 0.75 1.80 0.90 A Map
Hertfordshire 19,2 Polehanger Wallef Ælfric 'of Polehanger' Waltheof, earl Robert d'Oilly Geoffrey Martel 0.50 1.00 0.50 A Map
Cambridgeshire 41,8 Trumpington Wallef 1 sokeman Waltheof, earl Judith, countess Gollam 'of Trumpington' 0.50 0.50 0.50 A Map
Bedfordshire 53,31 Southill Wallef Tuffa, the man of Earl Waltheof Waltheof, earl Judith, countess Hugh de Beauchamp 1.00 3.00 1.50 A Map
Cambridgeshire 25,8 Kingston Wallef Almær son of Goding Waltheof, earl Eudo the steward Humphrey d'Anneville 0.08 0.03 0.03 A Map
Northamptonshire 56,39 Bozeat Wallef Strikr 'of Caldecote' Waltheof, earl Judith, countess Lanzelin 'of Bozeat' 1.75 2.00 2.00 A Map
Cambridgeshire 21,7 Conington Wallef 1 man of Earl Waltheof Waltheof, earl Robert Gernon Picot of Cambridge 1.25 1.00 0.80 A Map
Cambridgeshire 21,8 Boxworth Wallef Leofsige 'of Boxworth' Waltheof, earl Robert Gernon Picot of Cambridge 3.50 3.00 1.50 A Map
Cambridgeshire 21,9 Swavesey Wallef Leofsige 'of Boxworth' Waltheof, earl Robert Gernon Picot of Cambridge 1.00 1.00 0.25 A Map
Cambridgeshire 36,1 Longstanton Wallef Hoc 'of Longstanton' Waltheof, earl William fitzAnsculf Picot of Cambridge 0.13 0.20 0.10 A Map
Cambridgeshire 41,11 Conington Wallef 1 housecarl Waltheof, earl Judith, countess Picot of Cambridge 1.00 0.35 1.00 A Map
Cambridgeshire 41,12 Madingley Wallef 4 men Waltheof, earl Judith, countess Picot of Cambridge 3.00 2.00 1.50 A Map
Cambridgeshire 41,16 Childerley Wallef 1 man Waltheof, earl Judith, countess Picot of Cambridge 5.00 8.00 4.00 A Map
Cambridgeshire 39,3 Westwick Wallef Godmund 'of Westwick' Waltheof, earl David d'Argentan Robert 'of Westwick' 1.00 1.00 1.00 A Map
Cambridgeshire 32,40 Cottenham Wallef 1 sokeman Waltheof, earl Picot of Cambridge Roger 'the man of Picot of Cambridge' 0.12 0.06 0.05 A Map
Cambridgeshire 41,13 Oakington Wallef Godwine 'of Oakington' Waltheof, earl Judith, countess Roger of Olney 1.58 4.00 1.50 A Map
Cambridgeshire 41,14 Over Wallef Godwine 'of Oakington' Waltheof, earl Judith, countess Roger of Olney 0.50 1.00 1.00 A Map
Cambridgeshire 41,15 Dry Drayton Wallef 1 man Waltheof, earl Judith, countess Roger of Olney 0.75 1.00 0.80 A Map
Total               64.95 95.62 63.36  

Subtenant in 1086

Shire Phil. ref. Vill Subtenant DB Spelling Holder 1066 Lord 1066 Tenant-in-Chief 1086 1086 subtenant Fiscal value 1066 value 1086 value Subtenant ID conf. Show on map
Warwickshire 16,36 Hillmorton Wallef Scroti 'of Hillmorton' - Robert, count of Meulan Waltheof 1.25 2.50 2.25 A Map
Warwickshire 16,37 Hillmorton Wallef Waltheof 'of Shilton' - Robert, count of Meulan Waltheof 0.50 0.75 0.50 A Map
Warwickshire 16,45 Shilton Wallef Waltheof 'of Shilton' - Robert, count of Meulan Waltheof 2.00 2.00 2.00 A Map
Total               3.75 5.25 4.75  

People of this name

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