PASE: Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England

Domesday

[Image: Excerpt from the Domesday Book]
[Image: Durham Liber Vitae, folio 38r (extract)]

Agemund


Author: CPL
Editorial Status: unknown

Discussion of the name

Agemund is a masculine name of Scandinavian origin, often normalized as Agmundr. The meaning of the first element is debatable but most probably identical with the stem in Old West Scandinavian agi (‘awe, terror, uproar’); the second element is mundr (‘protection’). The name occurs frequently in Norway from c. 900 onwards and was probably also used in Denmark (Fellows Jensen 1968: 2–3). Its earliest known bearer connected with England was Agmund 1 (= Agmundr 3), a Viking from Northumbria slain in battle by Edward the Elder’s army in 910. Otherwise the name did not appear in England until the early eleventh century, when it was borne by one of Cnut’s thegns (fl. 1019–24), grantee of a large estate in Dorset afterwards given to Shaftesbury abbey, perhaps by Agemund himself (Agemund 1; S 955; Charters of Shaftesbury, no. 30). In southern England, the name was in use in and around Winchester in the twelfth century (NMHLV: 41, 73; Winton DB: 147) and as the name of a moneyer at Canterbury under Henry I (EMC).

In Yorkshire and Lincolnshire the name is entirely absent from place-names, both major and minor (Fellows Jensen 1968: 2–3), a circumstance which may point to its arrival in the eleventh century rather than earlier. In the twelfth century, by contrast, it was widely used as a personal name, especially in Lincolnshire (Fellows Jensen 1968: 2–3), and it also appears in the Durham Liber Vitae from the early twelfth century (DLV: II, 213, 263).

The broad geographical pattern of the name outside DB is so consistent with the distribution within DB as to suggest that the name was introduced independently in Wessex and Lincolnshire, and spread from each of those two areas.

Bibliography

Charters of Shaftesbury : Charters of Shaftesbury Abbey, ed. S. E. Kelly, Anglo-Saxon Charters 5 (Oxford: Oxford University Press for the British Academy, 1996)

EMC: On-line Early Medieval Corpus of Coin Finds/Sylloge of Coins of the British Isles http://www.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/dept/coins/emc

Fellows Jensen 1972: Gillian Fellows Jensen, Scandinavian Settlement Names in Yorkshire (Copenhagen: I Kommission hos Akademisk Forlag 1972)

DLV: The Durham Liber Vitae. London, British Library, MS Cotton Domitian A.VII: Edition and Digital Facsimile with Introduction, Codicological, Prosopographical and Linguistic Commentary, and Indexes, ed. D. W. Rollason and L. Rollason, 3 vols. (London: British Library, 2007)

NMHLV: Liber Vitae: Register and Martyrology of New Minster and Hyde Abbey, Winchester, ed. Walter de Gray Birch, [Hampshire Record Society 5] (1892)

S: P. H. Sawyer, Anglo-Saxon Charters: An Annotated List and Bibliography, Royal Historical Society Guides and Handbooks 8 (London, 1968), revised by S. Kelly, R. Rushforth et al., The Electronic Sawyer: Online Catalogue of Anglo-Saxon Charters, published online through Kemble: The Anglo-Saxon Charters Website, currently at http://www.esawyer.org.uk/about/index.html

Winton DB: ‘The Winton Domesday’, ed. and trans. Frank Barlow, in Winchester in the Early Middle Ages: An Edition and Discussion of the Winton Domesday, ed. Martin Biddle, Winchester Studies 1 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1976), 1–141 [cited by entry no. in Survey I, of c. 1110]

Forms of the name

Spellings in Domesday Book: Agemund(us); Aghemundus

Forms in modern scholarship:

  von Feilitzen head forms: Aghmund, Ogmundr

  Phillimore edition: Agemund (most counties), Agmundr (Lincs., Yorks.)

  Alecto edition: Aghmund

Distribution map of property and lordships associated with this name in DB

List of property and lordships associated with this name in DB

Holder 1066

Shire Phil. ref. Vill Holder 1066 DB Spelling Holder 1066 Lord 1066 Tenant-in-Chief 1086 1086 subtenant Fiscal value 1066 value 1086 value Holder 1066 ID conf. Show on map
Hampshire 3,9 St Clair's Agemund Agemund 'of Wellow' Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury Walkelin, bishop of Winchester Hugh de Port 2.00 3.00 3.00 A Map
Hampshire 23,10 Chineham Aghemundus Agemund 'of Wellow' Edward, king Hugh de Port Agemund 3.00 2.50 2.50 A Map
Hampshire 45,2 West Wellow Agemund Agemund 'of Wellow' Edward, king Waleran the huntsman Jocelin 'of West Wellow' 0.38 0.50 0.25 A Map
Hampshire 69,22 East Wellow Agemund Agemund 'of Wellow' Edward, king Agemund, king's thegn - 5.00 3.00 2.00 A Map
Hampshire 69,23 Hotlop Agemundus Agemund 'of Hotlop' Edward, king Agemund, king's thegn - 3.00 2.00 1.50 A Map
Hampshire 69,26 Shoddesden Agemund Agemund 'of Wellow' Eadgyth, queen Agemund, king's thegn - 1.00 0.75 0.50 A Map
Hampshire 69,37 Totton Agemund Agemund 'of Wellow' - Agemund, king's thegn - 0.50 0.60 0.75 A Map
Hampshire NF9,9 Rollstone Agemund Agemund 'of Wellow' - William, king - 0.50 0.38 0.00 A Map
Hampshire NF9,28 Foxlease Agemund Agemund 'of Wellow' - William, king - 0.38 1.50 0.00 A Map
Lincolnshire 3,33 Pickworth Agemundus Agemund 'of Pickworth' - William de Saint-Calais, bishop of Durham Jocelin fitzLambert 0.81 1.00 1.00 C Map
Lincolnshire 28,3 Normanby by Spital Agemundus Agemund son of Walraven - Jocelin fitzLambert Colswein 'of Lincoln' 0.50 0.40 0.50 A Map
Lincolnshire 28,11 Harpswell Agemund Agemund son of Walraven - Jocelin fitzLambert - 0.63 0.11 0.75 A Map
Lincolnshire 28,13 Hackthorn Agemund 'of Hackthorn' - Jocelin fitzLambert - 0.25 0.32 8.42 - Map
Lincolnshire 28,14 Waddingham Agemund Agemund son of Walraven - Jocelin fitzLambert - 0.38 1.00 1.00 A Map
Lincolnshire 28,15 Redbourne Agemundus Agemund son of Walraven - Jocelin fitzLambert 1 man 2.38 4.33 2.00 A Map
Lincolnshire 28,16 Scawby Agemundus Agemund son of Walraven - Jocelin fitzLambert Baudry 'of Farforth' 1.63 1.00 2.00 A Map
Lincolnshire 28,17 Bottesford Agemundus Agemund son of Walraven - Jocelin fitzLambert 1 knight 1.00 4.00 2.00 A Map
Lincolnshire 28,18 Cleatham Agemund son of Walraven - Jocelin fitzLambert - 0.25 0.00 0.00 A Map
Lincolnshire 28,25 Snelland Agemund Agemund son of Walraven - Jocelin fitzLambert Rayner de Brimeux 1.00 1.50 1.50 A Map
Lincolnshire 28,29 Bleasby Agemund Agemund son of Walraven - Jocelin fitzLambert Herman 'of Bleasby' 1.81 1.10 2.00 A Map
Lincolnshire 28,32 Beesby Agemund Agemund son of Walraven - Jocelin fitzLambert Eurold 'of Beesby' 0.75 0.50 0.50 A Map
Lincolnshire 28,36 Somersby Agemund Agemund son of Walraven - Jocelin fitzLambert - 1.00 0.00 0.00 A Map
Lincolnshire 28,42 Winceby Agemund Agemund son of Walraven - Jocelin fitzLambert Walter 'of Edlington' 1.00 1.00 1.00 A Map
Lincolnshire 33,1 Middle Carlton Agemund Agemund son of Walraven - Northmann the fat - 2.25 0.80 3.00 A Map
Lincolnshire 67,26 Canwick Agemundus Agemund son of Walraven - Colgrim 'of Ewerby' - 1.00 0.75 0.75 A Map
Lincolnshire 68,45 Beelsby Agemund Agemund 'of Beelsby' - Godric son of Agemund, king's thegn - 0.50 0.25 0.25 B Map
Lincolnshire 68,47 Riseholme Agemund Agemund the priest - Agemund the priest, king's thegn - 0.50 0.50 1.00 B Map
Lincolnshire CS3 Tathwell Agemund Agemund son of Walraven - Jocelin fitzLambert - 0.00 0.00 0.00 A Map
Lincolnshire CW13 Owmby by Spital Agemund Agemund son of Walraven - Jocelin fitzLambert - 1.13 0.00 0.00 A Map
Northamptonshire 19,1 Norton Agemund Agemund 'of Norton' - Robert, count of Meulan - 2.60 6.00 8.00 B Map
Nottinghamshire 6,12 Clifton Agemund Agemund 'of Clifton' - Remigius, bishop of Lincoln Agemund 0.31 0.50 0.30 B Map
Sussex 9,41 Hawksborough Agemund Agemund 'of Eckington' - Robert, count of Eu - 0.25 0.20 0.20 B Map
Sussex 9,55 Hawksborough Agemund Agemund 'of Eckington' Edward, king Robert, count of Eu Osbern fitzGeoffrey 1.00 0.70 0.70 B Map
Sussex 9,76 Shoyswell Agemund Agemund 'of Eckington' - Robert, count of Eu Walter fitzLambert 0.75 1.00 1.00 B Map
Sussex 10,89 Eckington Agemund Agemund 'of Eckington' Edward, king Robert, count of Mortain William de Cahagnes 5.00 5.00 3.00 B Map
Wiltshire 37,11 East Grimstead Agemundus Agemund 'of Wellow' - Waleran the huntsman Herbert 'of Grimstead' 3.00 3.00 3.00 E Map
Yorkshire 10W8 Tinsley Agemund Agemund 'of Tinsley' - Roger de Bully - 1.67 1.33 0.33 B Map
Total               49.11 50.52 54.70  

Lord 1066

Shire Phil. ref. Vill Lord 1066 DB Spelling Holder 1066 Lord 1066 Tenant-in-Chief 1086 1086 subtenant Fiscal value 1066 value 1086 value Lord 1066 ID conf. Show on map
Lincolnshire 3,34 Braceby - Agemund William de Saint-Calais, bishop of Durham Jocelin fitzLambert 0.50 0.00 0.00 C Map
Lincolnshire 28,13 Hackthorn - Agemund Jocelin fitzLambert - 0.13 0.00 0.00 A Map
Lincolnshire 28,26 Reasby - Agemund Jocelin fitzLambert William de Percy 0.50 0.00 0.00 A Map
Lincolnshire 28,26 Reasby - Agemund Jocelin fitzLambert - 1.00 0.00 0.00 A Map
Lincolnshire 28,27 Swinthorpe - Agemund Jocelin fitzLambert - 0.75 0.00 0.00 A Map
Lincolnshire 28,28 Wickenby - Agemund Jocelin fitzLambert - 0.38 0.00 0.00 A Map
Lincolnshire 28,30 Beckering - Agemund Jocelin fitzLambert - 0.06 0.00 0.00 A Map
Lincolnshire 28,31 Holton - Agemund Jocelin fitzLambert Herman 'of Bleasby' 1.00 0.00 0.00 A Map
Lincolnshire 28,43 Welton le Marsh - Agemund Jocelin fitzLambert Rayner de Brimeux 2.25 0.00 0.00 A Map
Yorkshire 10W9 Orgreave - Agemund Roger de Bully - 1.33 0.00 0.00 B Map
Total               7.90 0.00 0.00  

Tenant-in-Chief 1086 demesne estates (no subtenants)

Shire Phil. ref. Vill TIC DB Spelling Holder 1066 Lord 1066 Tenant-in-Chief 1086 1086 subtenant Fiscal value 1066 value 1086 value TIC ID conf. Show on map
Hampshire 69,22 East Wellow Agemund Agemund 'of Wellow' Edward, king Agemund, king's thegn - 5.00 3.00 2.00 A Map
Hampshire 69,23 Hotlop Agemundus Agemund 'of Hotlop' Edward, king Agemund, king's thegn - 3.00 2.00 1.50 A Map
Hampshire 69,26 Shoddesden Agemund Agemund 'of Wellow' Eadgyth, queen Agemund, king's thegn - 1.00 0.75 0.50 A Map
Hampshire 69,37 Totton Agemund Agemund 'of Wellow' - Agemund, king's thegn - 0.50 0.60 0.75 A Map
Lincolnshire 68,47 Riseholme Agemund Agemund the priest - Agemund the priest, king's thegn - 0.50 0.50 1.00 B Map
Total               10.00 6.85 5.75  

Subtenant in 1086

Shire Phil. ref. Vill Subtenant DB Spelling Holder 1066 Lord 1066 Tenant-in-Chief 1086 1086 subtenant Fiscal value 1066 value 1086 value Subtenant ID conf. Show on map
Hampshire 23,10 Chineham Aghemundus Agemund 'of Wellow' Edward, king Hugh de Port Agemund 3.00 2.50 2.50 A Map
Lincolnshire C2 Lincoln Agemund Walraven, lawman of Lincoln - William, king Agemund son of Walraven, lawman 0.00 0.00 0.00 A Map
Northamptonshire 55,5 Grafton Underwood Agemundus - - Eustace the sheriff Agemund 0.50 0.25 0.25 A Map
Nottinghamshire 6,12 Clifton Agemund Agemund 'of Clifton' - Remigius, bishop of Lincoln Agemund 0.31 0.50 0.30 B Map
Total               3.81 3.25 3.05  

People of this name

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